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Phone Answering Service in Illinois

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    • 1 to 3 days

      Chicago

      24/7 Voicemail Reception

      9 – 5 Live Answering

      24/7 Custom Solutions

      Starts at $20/month

  • CHICAGO

  • ABINGDON

  • ADAIR

  • ADDIEVILLE

  • ADDISON

  • AKIN

  • ALBANY

  • ALBERS

  • ALBION

  • ALDEN

  • ALEDO

  • ALEXANDER

  • ALEXIS

  • ALGONQUIN

  • ALHAMBRA

  • ALLENDALE

  • ALLERTON

  • ALMA

  • ALPHA

  • ALSEY

  • ALSIP

  • ALTAMONT

  • ALTO PASS

  • ALTON

  • ALTONA

  • ALVIN

  • AMBOY

  • ANCHOR

  • ANCONA

  • ANDALUSIA

  • ANDOVER

  • ANNA

  • ANNAPOLIS

  • ANNAWAN

  • ANTIOCH

  • APPLE RIVER

  • ARCOLA

  • ARENZVILLE

  • ARGENTA

  • ARLINGTON

  • ARLINGTON HEIGHTS

  • ARMINGTON

  • ARMSTRONG

  • AROMA PARK

  • ARROWSMITH

  • ARTHUR

  • ASHKUM

  • ASHLAND

  • ASHLEY

  • ASHMORE

  • ASHTON

  • ASSUMPTION

  • ASTORIA

  • ATHENS

  • ATKINSON

  • ATLANTA

  • ATWOOD

  • AUBURN

  • AUGUSTA

  • AURORA

  • AVA

  • AVISTON

  • AVON

  • BAILEYVILLE

  • BALDWIN

  • BARDOLPH

  • BARNHILL

  • BARRINGTON

  • BARRY

  • BARSTOW

  • BARTELSO

  • BARTLETT

  • BASCO

  • BATAVIA

  • BATCHTOWN

  • BATH

  • BAYLIS

  • BEARDSTOWN

  • BEASON

  • BEAVERVILLE

  • BECKEMEYER

  • BEDFORD PARK

  • BEECHER

  • BEECHER CITY

  • BELKNAP

  • BELLE RIVE

  • BELLEVILLE

  • BELLFLOWER

  • BELLMONT

  • BELLWOOD

  • BELVIDERE

  • BEMENT

  • BENLD

  • BENSENVILLE

  • BENSON

  • BENTON

  • BERKELEY

  • BERWICK

  • BERWYN

  • BETHALTO

  • BETHANY

  • BIG ROCK

  • BIGGSVILLE

  • BINGHAM

  • BISHOP HILL

  • BISMARCK

  • BLACKSTONE

  • BLANDINSVILLE

  • BLOOMINGDALE

  • BLOOMINGTON

  • BLUE ISLAND

  • BLUE MOUND

  • BLUFF SPRINGS

  • BLUFFS

  • BLUFORD

  • BOLES

  • BOLINGBROOK

  • BONDVILLE

  • BONE GAP

  • BONFIELD

  • BONNIE

  • BOODY

  • BOURBONNAIS

  • BOWEN

  • BRACEVILLE

  • BRADFORD

  • BRADLEY

  • BRAIDWOOD

  • BREESE

  • BRIDGEPORT

  • BRIDGEVIEW

  • BRIGHTON

  • BRIMFIELD

  • BRISTOL

  • BROADLANDS

  • BROADVIEW

  • BROCTON

  • BROOKFIELD

  • BROOKPORT

  • BROUGHTON

  • BROWNING

  • BROWNS

  • BROWNSTOWN

  • BRUSSELS

  • BRYANT

  • BUCKINGHAM

  • BUCKLEY

  • BUCKNER

  • BUDA

  • BUFFALO

  • BUFFALO GROVE

  • BUFFALO PRAIRIE

  • BULPITT

  • BUNCOMBE

  • BUNKER HILL

  • BURBANK

  • BUREAU

  • BURLINGTON

  • BURNT PRAIRIE

  • BUSHNELL

  • BUTLER

  • BYRON

  • CABERY

  • CAIRO

  • CALEDONIA

  • CALHOUN

  • CALUMET CITY

  • CAMARGO

  • CAMBRIA

  • CAMBRIDGE

  • CAMDEN

  • CAMERON

  • CAMP GROVE

  • CAMP POINT

  • CAMPBELL HILL

  • CAMPUS

  • CANTON

  • CANTRALL

  • CAPRON

  • CARBON CLIFF

  • CARBONDALE

  • CARLINVILLE

  • CARLOCK

  • CARLYLE

  • CARMAN

  • CARMI

  • CAROL STREAM

  • CARPENTERSVILLE

  • CARRIER MILLS

  • CARROLLTON

  • CARTERVILLE

  • CARTHAGE

  • CARY

  • CASEY

  • CASEYVILLE

  • CASTLETON

  • CATLIN

  • CAVE IN ROCK

  • CEDAR POINT

  • CEDARVILLE

  • CENTRALIA

  • CERRO GORDO

  • CHADWICK

  • CHAMBERSBURG

  • CHAMPAIGN

  • CHANA

  • CHANDLERVILLE

  • CHANNAHON

  • CHAPIN

  • CHARLESTON

  • CHATHAM

  • CHATSWORTH

  • CHEBANSE

  • CHENOA

  • CHERRY

  • CHERRY VALLEY

  • CHESTER

  • CHESTERFIELD

  • CHESTNUT

  • CHICAGO HEIGHTS

  • CHICAGO RIDGE

  • CHILLICOTHE

  • CHRISMAN

  • CHRISTOPHER

  • CICERO

  • CISCO

  • CISNE

  • CISSNA PARK

  • CLARE

  • CLAREMONT

  • CLARENDON HILLS

  • CLAY CITY

  • CLAYTON

  • CLAYTONVILLE

  • CLIFTON

  • CLINTON

  • COAL CITY

  • COAL VALLEY

  • COATSBURG

  • COBDEN

  • COELLO

  • COFFEEN

  • COLCHESTER

  • COLFAX

  • COLLINSVILLE

  • COLLISON

  • COLONA

  • COLP

  • COLUMBIA

  • COLUSA

  • COMPTON

  • CONCORD

  • CONGERVILLE

  • COOKSVILLE

  • CORDOVA

  • CORNELL

  • CORNLAND

  • CORTLAND

  • COTTAGE HILLS

  • COULTERVILLE

  • COUNTRY CLUB HILLS

  • COWDEN

  • CREAL SPRINGS

  • CRESCENT CITY

  • CREST HILL

  • CRESTON

  • CRETE

  • CREVE COEUR

  • CROPSEY

  • CROSSVILLE

  • CRYSTAL LAKE

  • CUBA

  • CULLOM

  • CUTLER

  • CYPRESS

  • DAHINDA

  • DAHLGREN

  • DAKOTA

  • DALE

  • DALLAS CITY

  • DALTON CITY

  • DALZELL

  • DANA

  • DANFORTH

  • DANVERS

  • DANVILLE

  • DARIEN

  • DAVIS

  • DAVIS JUNCTION

  • DAWSON

  • DE LAND

  • DE SOTO

  • DECATUR

  • DEER CREEK

  • DEER GROVE

  • DEERFIELD

  • DEKALB

  • DELAVAN

  • DENNISON

  • DEPUE

  • DES PLAINES

  • DEWEY

  • DEWITT

  • DIETERICH

  • DIVERNON

  • DIX

  • DIXON

  • DOLTON

  • DONGOLA

  • DONNELLSON

  • DONOVAN

  • DORSEY

  • DOVER

  • DOW

  • DOWELL

  • DOWNERS GROVE

  • DOWNS

  • DU BOIS

  • DU QUOIN

  • DUNDAS

  • DUNDEE

  • DUNFERMLINE

  • DUNLAP

  • DUPO

  • DURAND

  • DWIGHT

  • EAGARVILLE

  • EARLVILLE

  • EAST ALTON

  • EAST CARONDELET

  • EAST DUBUQUE

  • EAST GALESBURG

  • EAST LYNN

  • EAST MOLINE

  • EAST PEORIA

  • EAST SAINT LOUIS

  • EASTON

  • EDDYVILLE

  • EDELSTEIN

  • EDGEWOOD

  • EDINBURG

  • EDWARDS

  • EDWARDSVILLE

  • EFFINGHAM

  • EL PASO

  • ELBURN

  • ELDENA

  • ELDORADO

  • ELDRED

  • ELEROY

  • ELGIN

  • ELIZABETH

  • ELIZABETHTOWN

  • ELK GROVE VILLAGE

  • ELKHART

  • ELKVILLE

  • ELLERY

  • ELLIOTT

  • ELLIS GROVE

  • ELLISVILLE

  • ELLSWORTH

  • ELMHURST

  • ELMWOOD

  • ELMWOOD PARK

  • ELSAH

  • ELVASTON

  • ELWIN

  • ELWOOD

  • EMDEN

  • EMINGTON

  • EMMA

  • ENERGY

  • ENFIELD

  • EOLA

  • EQUALITY

  • ERIE

  • ESMOND

  • ESSEX

  • EUREKA

  • EVANSTON

  • EVANSVILLE

  • EVERGREEN PARK

  • EWING

  • FAIRBURY

  • FAIRFIELD

  • FAIRMOUNT

  • FAIRVIEW

  • FAIRVIEW HEIGHTS

  • FARINA

  • FARMER CITY

  • FARMERSVILLE

  • FARMINGTON

  • FENTON

  • FERRIS

  • FIATT

  • FIDELITY

  • FIELDON

  • FILLMORE

  • FINDLAY

  • FISHER

  • FITHIAN

  • FLANAGAN

  • FLAT ROCK

  • FLORA

  • FLOSSMOOR

  • FOOSLAND

  • FOREST CITY

  • FOREST PARK

  • FORREST

  • FORRESTON

  • FORSYTH

  • FORT SHERIDAN

  • FOWLER

  • FOX LAKE

  • FOX RIVER GROVE

  • FOX VALLEY

  • FRANKFORT

  • FRANKFORT HEIGHTS

  • FRANKLIN

  • FRANKLIN GROVE

  • FRANKLIN PARK

  • FREDERICK

  • FREEBURG

  • FREEMAN SPUR

  • FREEPORT

  • FULTON

  • FULTS

  • GALATIA

  • GALENA

  • GALESBURG

  • GALT

  • GALVA

  • GARDEN PRAIRIE

  • GARDNER

  • GAYS

  • GEFF

  • GENESEO

  • GENEVA

  • GENOA

  • GEORGETOWN

  • GERLAW

  • GERMAN VALLEY

  • GERMANTOWN

  • GIBSON CITY

  • GIFFORD

  • GILBERTS

  • GILLESPIE

  • GILMAN

  • GILSON

  • GIRARD

  • GLADSTONE

  • GLASFORD

  • GLEN CARBON

  • GLEN ELLYN

  • GLENARM

  • GLENCOE

  • GLENDALE HEIGHTS

  • GLENVIEW

  • GLENWOOD

  • GODFREY

  • GOLCONDA

  • GOLDEN

  • GOLDEN EAGLE

  • GOLDEN GATE

  • GOLF

  • GOOD HOPE

  • GOODFIELD

  • GOODWINE

  • GOREVILLE

  • GORHAM

  • GRAFTON

  • GRAND CHAIN

  • GRAND RIDGE

  • GRAND TOWER

  • GRANITE CITY

  • GRANT PARK

  • GRANTSBURG

  • GRANVILLE

  • GRAYMONT

  • GRAYSLAKE

  • GRAYVILLE

  • GREAT LAKES

  • GREEN VALLEY

  • GREENFIELD

  • GREENUP

  • GREENVIEW

  • GREENVILLE

  • GRIDLEY

  • GRIGGSVILLE

  • GROVELAND

  • GURNEE

  • HAGARSTOWN

  • HAMBURG

  • HAMEL

  • HAMILTON

  • HAMMOND

  • HAMPSHIRE

  • HAMPTON

  • HANNA CITY

  • HANOVER

  • HANOVER PARK

  • HARDIN

  • HARMON

  • HARRISBURG

  • HARRISTOWN

  • HARTFORD

  • HARTSBURG

  • HARVARD

  • HARVEL

  • HARVEY

  • HARWOOD HEIGHTS

  • HAVANA

  • HAZEL CREST

  • HEBRON

  • HECKER

  • HENDERSON

  • HENNEPIN

  • HENNING

  • HENRY

  • HEROD

  • HERRICK

  • HERRIN

  • HERSCHER

  • HETTICK

  • HEYWORTH

  • HICKORY HILLS

  • HIDALGO

  • HIGHLAND

  • HIGHLAND PARK

  • HIGHWOOD

  • HILLSBORO

  • HILLSDALE

  • HILLSIDE

  • HILLVIEW

  • HINCKLEY

  • HINDSBORO

  • HINES

  • HINSDALE

  • HOFFMAN

  • HOFFMAN ESTATES

  • HOLCOMB

  • HOMER

  • HOMER GLEN

  • HOMETOWN

  • HOMEWOOD

  • HOOPESTON

  • HOOPPOLE

  • HOPEDALE

  • HOPKINS PARK

  • HOYLETON

  • HUDSON

  • HUEY

  • HULL

  • HUMBOLDT

  • HUME

  • HUNTLEY

  • HUNTSVILLE

  • HURST

  • HUTSONVILLE

  • ILLINOIS CITY

  • ILLIOPOLIS

  • INA

  • INDIANOLA

  • INDUSTRY

  • INGLESIDE

  • INGRAHAM

  • IPAVA

  • IROQUOIS

  • IRVING

  • IRVINGTON

  • ISLAND LAKE

  • ITASCA

  • IUKA

  • IVESDALE

  • JACKSONVILLE

  • JACOB

  • JANESVILLE

  • JERSEYVILLE

  • JEWETT

  • JOHNSONVILLE

  • JOHNSTON CITY

  • JOLIET

  • JONESBORO

  • JOPPA

  • JOY

  • JUNCTION

  • JUSTICE

  • KAMPSVILLE

  • KANE

  • KANEVILLE

  • KANKAKEE

  • KANSAS

  • KARBERS RIDGE

  • KARNAK

  • KASBEER

  • KEENES

  • KEENSBURG

  • KEITHSBURG

  • KELL

  • KEMPTON

  • KENILWORTH

  • KENNEY

  • KENT

  • KEWANEE

  • KEYESPORT

  • KILBOURNE

  • KINCAID

  • KINDERHOOK

  • KINGSTON

  • KINGSTON MINES

  • KINMUNDY

  • KINSMAN

  • KIRKLAND

  • KIRKWOOD

  • KNOXVILLE

  • LA FAYETTE

  • LA GRANGE

  • LA GRANGE PARK

  • LA HARPE

  • LA MOILLE

  • LA PLACE

  • LA PRAIRIE

  • LA ROSE

  • LA SALLE

  • LACON

  • LADD

  • LAFOX

  • LAKE BLUFF

  • LAKE FOREST

  • LAKE FORK

  • LAKE IN THE HILLS

  • LAKE VILLA

  • LAKE ZURICH

  • LAKEWOOD

  • LANARK

  • LANCASTER

  • LANE

  • LANSING

  • LATHAM

  • LAURA

  • LAWNDALE

  • LAWRENCEVILLE

  • LE ROY

  • LEAF RIVER

  • LEBANON

  • LEE

  • LEE CENTER

  • LELAND

  • LEMONT

  • LENA

  • LENZBURG

  • LEONORE

  • LERNA

  • LEWISTOWN

  • LEXINGTON

  • LIBERTY

  • LIBERTYVILLE

  • LIMA

  • LINCOLN

  • LINCOLNS NEW SALEM

  • LINCOLNSHIRE

  • LINCOLNWOOD

  • LINDENWOOD

  • LISLE

  • LITCHFIELD

  • LITERBERRY

  • LITTLE YORK

  • LITTLETON

  • LIVERPOOL

  • LIVINGSTON

  • LOAMI

  • LOCKPORT

  • LODA

  • LOGAN

  • LOMAX

  • LOMBARD

  • LONDON MILLS

  • LONG POINT

  • LONGVIEW

  • LOOGOOTEE

  • LORAINE

  • LOSTANT

  • LOUISVILLE

  • LOVEJOY

  • LOVES PARK

  • LOVINGTON

  • LOWDER

  • LOWPOINT

  • LUDLOW

  • LYNDON

  • LYNN CENTER

  • LYONS

  • MACEDONIA

  • MACHESNEY PARK

  • MACKINAW

  • MACOMB

  • MACON

  • MADISON

  • MAEYSTOWN

  • MAGNOLIA

  • MAHOMET

  • MAKANDA

  • MALDEN

  • MALTA

  • MANCHESTER

  • MANHATTAN

  • MANITO

  • MANLIUS

  • MANSFIELD

  • MANTENO

  • MAPLE PARK

  • MAPLETON

  • MAQUON

  • MARENGO

  • MARIETTA

  • MARINE

  • MARION

  • MARISSA

  • MARK

  • MARKHAM

  • MAROA

  • MARSEILLES

  • MARSHALL

  • MARTINSVILLE

  • MARTINTON

  • MARYVILLE

  • MASCOUTAH

  • MASON

  • MASON CITY

  • MATHERVILLE

  • MATTESON

  • MATTOON

  • MAUNIE

  • MAYWOOD

  • MAZON

  • MC CLURE

  • MC CONNELL

  • MC LEAN

  • MC LEANSBORO

  • MC NABB

  • MCHENRY

  • MECHANICSBURG

  • MEDIA

  • MEDINAH

  • MEDORA

  • MELROSE PARK

  • MELVIN

  • MENARD

  • MENDON

  • MENDOTA

  • MEREDOSIA

  • MERNA

  • METAMORA

  • METCALF

  • METROPOLIS

  • MICHAEL

  • MIDDLETOWN

  • MIDLOTHIAN

  • MILAN

  • MILFORD

  • MILL SHOALS

  • MILLBROOK

  • MILLCREEK

  • MILLEDGEVILLE

  • MILLER CITY

  • MILLINGTON

  • MILLSTADT

  • MILMINE

  • MILTON

  • MINERAL

  • MINIER

  • MINONK

  • MINOOKA

  • MODE

  • MODESTO

  • MODOC

  • MOKENA

  • MOLINE

  • MOMENCE

  • MONEE

  • MONMOUTH

  • MONROE CENTER

  • MONTGOMERY

  • MONTICELLO

  • MONTROSE

  • MOOSEHEART

  • MORO

  • MORRIS

  • MORRISON

  • MORRISONVILLE

  • MORTON

  • MORTON GROVE

  • MOSSVILLE

  • MOUND CITY

  • MOUNDS

  • MOUNT AUBURN

  • MOUNT CARMEL

  • MOUNT CARROLL

  • MOUNT ERIE

  • MOUNT MORRIS

  • MOUNT OLIVE

  • MOUNT PROSPECT

  • MOUNT PULASKI

  • MOUNT STERLING

  • MOUNT VERNON

  • MOWEAQUA

  • MOZIER

  • MT ZION

  • MUDDY

  • MULBERRY GROVE

  • MULKEYTOWN

  • MUNCIE

  • MUNDELEIN

  • MURDOCK

  • MURPHYSBORO

  • MURRAYVILLE

  • NACHUSA

  • NAPERVILLE

  • NASHVILLE

  • NASON

  • NATIONAL STOCK YARDS

  • NAUVOO

  • NEBO

  • NEOGA

  • NEPONSET

  • NEW ATHENS

  • NEW BADEN

  • NEW BEDFORD

  • NEW BERLIN

  • NEW BOSTON

  • NEW BURNSIDE

  • NEW CANTON

  • NEW DOUGLAS

  • NEW HAVEN

  • NEW HOLLAND

  • NEW LENOX

  • NEW MEMPHIS

  • NEW SALEM

  • NEW WINDSOR

  • NEWARK

  • NEWMAN

  • NEWTON

  • NIANTIC

  • NILES

  • NILWOOD

  • NIOTA

  • NOBLE

  • NOKOMIS

  • NORA

  • NORMAL

  • NORRIS

  • NORRIS CITY

  • NORTH AURORA

  • NORTH CHICAGO

  • NORTH HENDERSON

  • NORTHBROOK

  • O FALLON

  • OAK BROOK

  • OAK FOREST

  • OAK LAWN

  • OAK PARK

  • OAKDALE

  • OAKFORD

  • OAKLAND

  • OAKWOOD

  • OBLONG

  • OCONEE

  • ODELL

  • ODIN

  • OGDEN

  • OGLESBY

  • OHIO

  • OHLMAN

  • OKAWVILLE

  • OLIVE BRANCH

  • OLMSTED

  • OLNEY

  • OLYMPIA FIELDS

  • OMAHA

  • ONARGA

  • ONEIDA

  • OPDYKE

  • OPHIEM

  • OQUAWKA

  • ORANGEVILLE

  • ORAVILLE

  • OREANA

  • OREGON

  • ORIENT

  • ORION

  • ORLAND PARK

  • OSCO

  • OSWEGO

  • OTTAWA

  • OWANECO

  • OZARK

  • PALATINE

  • PALESTINE

  • PALMER

  • PALMYRA

  • PALOMA

  • PALOS HEIGHTS

  • PALOS HILLS

  • PALOS PARK

  • PANA

  • PANAMA

  • PAPINEAU

  • PARIS

  • PARK FOREST

  • PARK RIDGE

  • PARKERSBURG

  • PATOKA

  • PATTERSON

  • PAW PAW

  • PAWNEE

  • PAXTON

  • PAYSON

  • PEARL

  • PEARL CITY

  • PECATONICA

  • PEKIN

  • PEMBROKE TOWNSHIP

  • PENFIELD

  • PEORIA

  • PEORIA HEIGHTS

  • PEOTONE

  • PERCY

  • PERKS

  • PERRY

  • PERU

  • PESOTUM

  • PETERSBURG

  • PHILO

  • PIASA

  • PIERRON

  • PINCKNEYVILLE

  • PIPER CITY

  • PITTSBURG

  • PITTSFIELD

  • PLAINFIELD

  • PLAINVILLE

  • PLANO

  • PLATO CENTER

  • PLEASANT HILL

  • PLEASANT PLAINS

  • PLYMOUTH

  • POCAHONTAS

  • POLO

  • POMONA

  • PONTIAC

  • POPLAR GROVE

  • PORT BYRON

  • POSEN

  • POTOMAC

  • PRAIRIE CITY

  • PRAIRIE DU ROCHER

  • PREEMPTION

  • PRINCETON

  • PRINCEVILLE

  • PROPHETSTOWN

  • PROSPECT HEIGHTS

  • PULASKI

  • PUTNAM

  • QUINCY

  • RADOM

  • RALEIGH

  • RAMSEY

  • RANKIN

  • RANSOM

  • RANTOUL

  • RAPIDS CITY

  • RARITAN

  • RAYMOND

  • RED BUD

  • REDDICK

  • REDMON

  • RENAULT

  • REYNOLDS

  • RICHMOND

  • RICHTON PARK

  • RICHVIEW

  • RIDGE FARM

  • RIDGWAY

  • RIDOTT

  • RINARD

  • RINGWOOD

  • RIO

  • RIVER FOREST

  • RIVER GROVE

  • RIVERDALE

  • RIVERSIDE

  • RIVERTON

  • ROANOKE

  • ROBBINS

  • ROBERTS

  • ROBINSON

  • ROCHELLE

  • ROCHESTER

  • ROCK CITY

  • ROCK FALLS

  • ROCK ISLAND

  • ROCKBRIDGE

  • ROCKFORD

  • ROCKPORT

  • ROCKTON

  • ROCKWOOD

  • ROLLING MEADOWS

  • ROME

  • ROMEOVILLE

  • ROODHOUSE

  • ROSAMOND

  • ROSCOE

  • ROSELLE

  • ROSEVILLE

  • ROSICLARE

  • ROSSVILLE

  • ROUND LAKE

  • ROXANA

  • ROYAL

  • ROYALTON

  • RUSHVILLE

  • RUSSELL

  • RUTLAND

  • SADORUS

  • SAILOR SPRINGS

  • SAINT ANNE

  • SAINT AUGUSTINE

  • SAINT CHARLES

  • SAINT DAVID

  • SAINT ELMO

  • SAINT FRANCISVILLE

  • SAINT JACOB

  • SAINT JOSEPH

  • SAINT LIBORY

  • SAINT PETER

  • SAINTE MARIE

  • SALEM

  • SAN JOSE

  • SANDOVAL

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  • SAUNEMIN

  • SAVANNA

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  • VERNON HILLS

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  • VICTORIA

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  • WADSWORTH

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  • WILLISVILLE

  • WILLOW HILL

  • WILLOW SPRINGS

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  • Does Phone Answering USA provide Automated Reception Services in Illinois?

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    State of Illinois

    Illinois is a state in the Midwestern United States. It is the 5th most populous and 25th most extensive of state, and is often noted as a microcosm of the entire country. With Chicago in the northeast, small industrial cities and great agricultural productivity in central and northern Illinois, and natural resources like coal, timber, and petroleum in the south, Illinois has a diverse economic base and is a major transportation hub. The Port of Chicago connects the state to other global ports from the Great Lakes, via the Saint Lawrence Seaway, to the Atlantic Ocean; as well as the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River, via the Illinois River. For decades, O’Hare International Airport has been ranked as one of the world’s busiest airports. Illinois has long had a reputation as a bellwether both in social and cultural terms and politics.
    Although today the state’s largest population center is around Chicago (in the northern part of the state) originally the state’s European population grew first in the west, with French Canadians who settled along the Mississippi River. After the American Revolutionary War established the United States, American settlers began arriving from Kentucky in the 1810s via the Ohio River, and the population grew from south to north. In 1818, Illinois achieved statehood. After construction of the Erie Canal increased traffic and trade through the Great Lakes, Chicago was founded in the 1830s on the banks of the Chicago River, at one of the few natural harbors on southern Lake Michigan. John Deere’s invention of the self-scouring steel plow turned Illinois’ rich prairie into some of the world’s most productive and valuable farmlands, attracting immigrant farmers from Germany and Sweden. Railroads carried immigrants to new homes, as well as being used to ship their commodity crops out to markets.
    By 1900, the growth of industrial jobs in the northern cities and coal mining in the central and southern areas attracted immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe. Illinois was an important manufacturing center during both world wars. The Great Migration from the South established a large community of African Americans in Chicago, who created the city’s famous jazz and blues cultures.
    Three U.S. presidents have been elected while living in Illinois: Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, and Barack Obama. Additionally, Ronald Reagan, whose political career was based in California, was the only US President born and raised in Illinois. Today, Illinois honors Lincoln with its official state slogan, Land of Lincoln, which has been displayed on its license plates since 1954. The Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum is located in Springfield.
    h3

    Name

    “Illinois” is the modern spelling for the early French missionaries and explorers’ name for the Illinois people, a name that was spelled in many different ways in the early records.
    American scholars thought the name “Illinois” meant “man” or “men” in the Miami-Illinois language, with the original iliniwek transformed via French into Illinois. This etymology is not supported by the Illinois language, as the word for ‘man’ is ireniwa and plural ‘men’ is ireniwaki. The name Illiniwek has also been said to mean “tribe of superior men”, which is a false etymology. The name “Illinois” derives from the Miami-Illinois verb irenwe.wa “he speaks the regular way”. This was taken into the Ojibwe language, perhaps in the Ottawa dialect, and modified into ilinwe. (pluralized as ilinwe.k). The French borrowed these forms, changing the /we/ ending to spell it as -ois, a transliteration for its pronunciation in French. The current spelling form, Illinois, began to appear in the early 1670s, when French colonists had settled in the western area. The Illinois’ name for themselves, as attested in all three of the French missionary-period dictionaries of Illinois, was Inoka, of unknown meaning and unrelated to the other terms.

    History

    Pre-European

    American Indians of successive cultures lived along the waterways of the Illinois area for thousands of years before the arrival of Europeans. The Koster Site has been excavated and demonstrates 7,000 years of continuous habitation. Cahokia, the largest regional chiefdom and urban center of the Pre-Columbian Mississippian culture, was located near present-day Collinsville, Illinois. They built an urban complex of more than 100 platform and burial mounds, a 50 acres (20 ha) plaza larger than 35 football fields, and a woodhenge of sacred cedar, all in a planned design expressing the culture’s cosmology. Monks Mound, the center of the site, is the largest precolumbian structure north of the Valley of Mexico. It is 100 feet (30 m) high, 951 feet (290 m) long, 836 feet (255 m) wide and covers 13.8 acres (5.6 ha). It contains about 814,000 cubic yards (622,000 m3) of earth. It was topped by a structure thought to have measured about 105 feet (32 m) in length and 48 feet (15 m) in width, covered an area 5,000 square feet (460 m2), and been as much as 50 feet (15 m) high, making its peak 150 feet (46 m) above the level of the plaza. The civilization vanished in the 15th century for unknown reasons, but historians and archeologists have speculated that the people depleted the area of resources. Many indigenous tribes engaged in constant warfare. According to Suzanne Austin Alchon, “At one site in the central Illinois River valley, one-third of all adults died as a result of violent injuries.”
    The next major power in the region was the Illinois Confederation or Illini, a political alliance among several tribes. The Illinois people numbered about 25,000 in 1700, but systematic attacks and warfare by the Iroquois from the East reduced their numbers by 90 percent. Gradually, members of the Algonquian-speaking Potawatomi, Miami, Sauk, and other tribes came into the area from the east and north around the Great Lakes. In the American Revolution, the Illinois and Potawatomi supported the Patriot colonists’ cause.

    European exploration

    French explorers Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet explored the Illinois River in 1673. In 1680, other French explorers constructed a fort at the site of present day Peoria, and in 1682, a fort atop Starved Rock in today’s Starved Rock State Park. French Canadians came south to settle particularly along the Mississippi River, and Illinois was part of the French empire of La Louisiane until 1763, when it passed to the British with their defeat of France in the Seven Years War. The small French settlements continued, although many French migrated west to Ste. Genevieve and St. Louis, Missouri to evade British rule.
    A few British soldiers were posted in Illinois, but few British or American settlers moved there, as the Crown made it part of the territory reserved for Indians west of the Appalachians. In 1778, George Rogers Clark claimed the Illinois Country for Virginia. In a compromise, Virginia ceded the area to the new United States in 1783 and it became part of the Northwest Territory, to be administered by the federal government and later organized as states.

    19th century

    The Illinois-Wabash Company was an early claimant to much of Illinois. The Illinois Territory was created on February 3, 1809, with its capital at Kaskaskia, an early French settlement.
    During the discussions leading up to Illinois’ admission to the Union, the proposed northern boundary of the state was moved twice. The original provisions of the Northwest Ordinance had specified a boundary that would have been tangent to the southern tip of Lake Michigan. Such a boundary would have left Illinois with no shoreline on Lake Michigan at all. However, as Indiana had successfully been granted a 10-mile northern extension of its boundary to provide it with a usable lakefront, the original bill for Illinois statehood, submitted to Congress on January 23, 1818, stipulated a northern border at the same latitude as Indiana’s, which is defined as 10 miles (16 km) north of the southernmost extremity of Lake Michigan. But the Illinois delegate, Nathaniel Pope, wanted more. Pope lobbied to have the boundary moved further north, and the final bill passed by Congress did just that; it included an amendment to shift the border to 42° 30′ north, which is approximately 51 miles (82 km) north of the Indiana northern border. This shift added 8,500 square miles (22,000 km2) to the state, including the lead mining region near Galena. More importantly, it added nearly 50 miles of Lake Michigan shoreline and the Chicago River. Pope and others envisioned a canal which would connect the Chicago and Illinois rivers, and thus, connect the Great Lakes to the Mississippi.
    In 1818, Illinois became the 21st U.S. state. The capital remained at Kaskaskia, headquartered in a small building rented by the state. In 1819, Vandalia became the capital, and over the next 18 years, three separate buildings were built to serve successively as the capitol building. In 1837, the state legislators representing Sangamon County, under the leadership of state representative Abraham Lincoln, succeeded in having the capital moved to Springfield, where a fifth capitol building was constructed. A sixth capitol building was erected in 1867, which continues to serve as the Illinois capitol today.
    Though ostensibly a “free state”, Illinois had slavery. The ethnic French had owned black slaves as late as the 1820s, and American settlers had already brought slaves into the area from Kentucky. Slavery was nominally banned by the Northwest Ordinance, but that was not enforced for those already holding slaves. When Illinois became a sovereign state in 1818, the Ordinance no longer applied, and about 900 slaves were held in the state. As the southern part of the state, later known as “Egypt”or “Little Egypt”, was largely settled by migrants from the South, the section was hostile to free blacks. Settlers were allowed to bring slaves with them for labor but, in 1822, state residents voted against making slavery legal. Still, most residents opposed allowing free blacks as permanent residents. Some settlers brought in slaves seasonally or as house servants. The Illinois Constitution of 1848 was written with a provision for exclusionary laws to be passed. In 1853, John A. Logan helped pass a law to prohibit all African Americans, including freedmen, from settling in the state.
    In 1832, the Black Hawk War was fought in Illinois and current-day Wisconsin between the United States and the Sauk, Fox (Meskwaki) and Kickapoo Indian tribes. It represents the end of Indian resistance to white settlement in the Chicago region. The Indians had been forced to leave their homes and move to Iowa in 1831; when they attempted to return, they were attacked and eventually defeated by U.S. militia. The survivors were forced back to Iowa.
    The winter of 1830-1831 is called the “Winter of the Deep Snow”; a sudden, deep snowfall blanketed the state, making travel impossible for the rest of the winter, and many travelers perished. Several severe winters followed, including the “Winter of the Sudden Freeze”. On December 20, 1836, a fast-moving cold front passed through, freezing puddles in minutes and killing many travelers who could not reach shelter. The adverse weather resulted in crop failures in the northern part of the state. The southern part of the state shipped food north and this may have contributed to its name: “Little Egypt”, after the Biblical story of Joseph in Egypt supplying grain to his brothers.
    By 1839, the Mormons had founded a utopian city called Nauvoo. Located in Hancock County along the Mississippi River, Nauvoo flourished and soon rivaled Chicago for the position of the state’s largest city. But in 1844, the Mormon leader Joseph Smith was murdered in the Carthage Jail, about 30 miles away from Nauvoo. Soon afterward, the Mormons’ new leadership led the group out of Illinois in a mass exodus to present-day Utah; after close to six years of rapid development, Nauvoo rapidly declined afterward.
    Chicago gained prominence as a Great Lakes port and then as an Illinois and Michigan Canal port after 1848, and as a rail hub soon afterward. By 1857, Chicago was Illinois’ largest city. With the tremendous growth of mines and factories in the state in the 19th century, Illinois was the ground for the formation of labor unions in the United States. The Pullman Strike and Haymarket Riot, in particular, greatly influenced the development of the American labor movement. From Sunday, October 8, 1871, until Tuesday, October 10, 1871, the Great Chicago Fire burned in downtown Chicago, destroying 4 square miles (10 km2).
    In 1847, after lobbying by Dorothea L. Dix, Illinois became one of the first states to establish a system of state-supported treatment of mental illness and disabilities, replacing local almshouses.

    Civil War

    During the American Civil War, more than 250,000 Illinois men served in the Union Army, a figure surpassed by only New York, Pennsylvania, and Ohio. Beginning with President Abraham Lincoln’s first call for troops and continuing throughout the war, Illinois mustered 150 infantry regiments, which were numbered from the 7th to the 156th regiments. Seventeen cavalry regiments were also gathered, as well as two light artillery regiments. The town of Cairo, at the southern tip of the state on an island in the Mississippi River, served as a strategically important supply base and training center for the Union army. For several months, both General Grant and Admiral Foote had headquarters in Cairo.

    20th century

    At the turn of the 20th century, Illinois had a population of nearly 5 million, with many workers attracted to its expanding industrial base. Whites were 98% of the state’s population. Bolstered by continued immigration from southern and eastern Europe, and by the African-American Great Migration from the South, Illinois grew and emerged as one of the most important states in the union. By the end of the century, the population had reached 12.4 million.
    The Century of Progress World’s Fair was held at Chicago in 1933. Oil strikes in Marion County and Crawford County lead to a boom in 1937, and, by 1939, Illinois ranked fourth in U.S. oil production. Chicago became an ocean port with the opening of the Saint Lawrence Seaway in 1959. The seaway and the Illinois Waterway connected Chicago to both the Mississippi River and the Atlantic Ocean. In 1960, Ray Kroc opened the first McDonald’s franchise in Des Plaines (which still exists today as a museum, with a working McDonald’s across the street).
    No state has had a more prominent role than Illinois in the emergence of the nuclear age. As part of the Manhattan Project, in 1942 the University of Chicago conducted the first sustained nuclear chain reaction. In 1957, Argonne National Laboratory, near Chicago, activated the first experimental nuclear power generating system in the United States. By 1960, the first privately financed nuclear plant in United States, Dresden 1, was dedicated near Morris. In 1967, Fermilab, a national nuclear research facility near Batavia, opened a particle accelerator, which was the world’s largest for over 40 years. And, with eleven plants currently operating, Illinois leads all states in the amount of electricity generated from nuclear power.
    In 1961, Illinois became the first state in the nation to adopt the recommendation of the American Law Institute and pass a comprehensive criminal code revision that repealed the law against sodomy. The code also abrogated common law crimes and established an age of consent of 18. The state’s fourth constitution was adopted in 1970, replacing the 1870 document.
    The first Farm Aid concert was held in Champaign to benefit American farmers, in 1985. The worst upper Mississippi River flood of the century, the Great Flood of 1993, inundated many towns and thousands of acres of farmland.

    Geography

    Illinois is located in the Midwest Region of the United States and is one of the nine states and Canadian Province of Ontario in the bi-national Great Lakes region of North America.

    Boundaries

    Illinois’ eastern border with Indiana consists of a north-south line at 87°?31′?30? west longitude, from Lake Michigan to the Wabash River above Post Vincennes. The Wabash River continues as the eastern/southeastern border with Indiana until the Wabash enters the Ohio River. This marks the beginning of Illinois’ southern border with Kentucky, which runs along the northern shoreline of the Ohio River. Most of the western border with Missouri and Iowa is the Mississippi River; Kaskaskia is an exclave of Illinois, lying west of the Mississippi and reachable only from Missouri. Its northern border with Wisconsin is fixed at 42°?30′ north latitude. The northeastern border of Illinois actually lies within Lake Michigan, within which Illinois shares a water boundary with the state of Michigan.

    Topography

    Though Illinois lies entirely in the Interior Plains, it does have some minor variation in its elevation. In extreme northwestern Illinois, the Driftless Area, a region of unglaciated and therefore higher and more rugged topography, occupies a small part of the state. Charles Mound, located in this region, has the state’s highest elevation above sea level at 1,235 feet (376 m) 1,235 feet (376 m). The floodplain on the Mississippi River from Alton to the Kaskaskia River is known as the American Bottom.

    Divisions

    Illinois has three major geographical divisions. Northern Illinois is dominated by Chicagoland, which is the city of Chicago and its suburbs, and the adjoining exurban area into which the metropolis is expanding. As defined by the federal government, the Chicago metro area includes several counties in Illinois, Indiana, and Wisconsin, and has a population of over 9.8 million people. Chicago itself is a cosmopolitan city, densely populated, industrialized, and the transportation hub of the nation, and settled by a wide variety of ethnic groups. The city of Rockford, Illinois’ third largest city and center of the state’s fourth largest metropolitan area, sits along Interstates 39 and 90 some 75 miles (121 km) northwest of Chicago. The Quad Cities region, located along the Mississippi River in northern Illinois, had a population of 381,342 in 2011.
    The midsection of Illinois is a second major division, called Central Illinois. It is an area of mostly prairie and known as the Heart of Illinois. It is characterized by small towns and medium-small cities. The western section (west of the Illinois River) was originally part of the Military Tract of 1812 and forms the conspicuous western bulge of the state. Agriculture, particularly corn and soybeans, as well as educational institutions and manufacturing centers, figure prominently in Central Illinois. Cities include Peoria, the third largest metropolitan area in Illinois at 370,000; Springfield, the state capital; Quincy; Decatur; Bloomington-Normal; and Champaign-Urbana.
    The third division is Southern Illinois, comprising the area south of U.S. Route 50, including Little Egypt, near the juncture of the Mississippi River and Ohio River. Southern Illinois is the site of the ancient city of Cahokia, as well as the site of the first state capital at Kaskaskia, which today is separated from the rest of the state by the Mississippi River. This region has a somewhat warmer winter climate, different variety of crops (including some cotton farming in the past), more rugged topography (due to the area remaining unglaciated during the Illinoian Stage, unlike most of the rest of the state), as well as small-scale oil deposits and coal mining. The Illinois suburbs of St. Louis, such as East St. Louis are located in this region and collectively they are known as the Metro-East. The other somewhat significant concentration of population in Southern Illinois is the Carbondale-Marion-Herrin, Illinois Combined Statistical Area centered on Carbondale and Marion, a two-county area that is home to 123,272 residents. A portion of southeastern Illinois is part of the extended Evansville, Indiana Metro Area, locally referred to as the Tri-State with Indiana and Kentucky. Seven Illinois counties are in the area.
    In addition to these three, largely latitudinally defined divisions, all of the region outside of the Chicago Metropolitan area is often called “downstate” Illinois. This term is flexible, but is generally meant to mean everything outside the Chicago-area. Thus, some cities in Northern Illinois, such as DeKalb, which is west of Chicago, and Rockford-which is actually north of Chicago-are considered to be “downstate”.

    Climate

    Because of its nearly 400-mile distance between its northernmost and southernmost extremes, as well as its mid-continental situation, Illinois has a widely varying climate. Most of Illinois has a humid continental climate (Koppen climate classification Dfa), with hot, humid summers and cold winters. The southernmost part of the state, from about Carbondale southward, borders on a humid subtropical climate (Koppen Cfa), with more moderate winters. Average yearly precipitation for Illinois varies from just over 48 inches (1,219 mm) at the southern tip to around 35 inches (889 mm) in the northern portion of the state. Normal annual snowfall exceeds 38 inches (965 mm) in the Chicago area, while the southern portion of the state normally receives less than 14 inches (356 mm). The all-time high temperature was 117 °F (47 °C), recorded on July 14, 1954, at East St. Louis, while the all time low temperature was -36 °F (-38 °C), recorded on January 5, 1999, at Congerville.
    Illinois averages around 51 days of thunderstorm activity a year, which ranks somewhat above average in the number of thunderstorm days for the United States. Illinois is vulnerable to tornadoes with an average of 35 occurring annually, which puts much of the state at around five tornadoes per 10,000 square miles (30,000 km2) annually. While tornadoes are no more powerful in Illinois than other states, the nation’s deadliest tornadoes on record have occurred largely in Illinois because it is the most populous state in Tornado Alley. The Tri-State Tornado of 1925 killed 695 people in three states; 613 of the victims died in Illinois. Other significant high-casualty tornadoes included the 1896 St. Louis – East St. Louis tornado which killed 111 people in East St. Louis and a May 1917 tornado that killed 101 people in Charleston and Mattoon. Modern developments in storm forecasting and tracking in the mid 20th Century have caused death tolls from tornadoes to dramatically decline, with the 1967 Belvidere – Oak Lawn tornado outbreak (58 fatalities) and 1990 Plainfield tornado (29 fatalities) standing out as exceptions.

    Economy

    The dollar gross state product for Illinois was estimated to be US$652 billion in 2010. The state’s 2010 per capita gross state product was estimated to be US$45,302, and the state’s per capita personal income was estimated to be US$41,411 in 2009.
    As of March 2010, the state’s unemployment rate was 11.5%, which fell to 9.9% by August 2011.

    Taxes

    Illinois’ state income tax is calculated by multiplying net income by a flat rate. In 1990, that rate was set at 3%, but in 2010, the General Assembly voted in a temporary increase in the rate to 5%; the new rate went into effect on January 1, 2011, and is scheduled to return to 3% after four years. There are two rates for state sales tax: 6.25% for general merchandise and 1% for qualifying food, drugs, and medical appliances. The property tax is a major source of tax revenue for local government taxing districts. The property tax is a local – not state – tax, imposed by local government taxing districts, which include counties, townships, municipalities, school districts, and special taxation districts. The property tax in Illinois is imposed only on real property.

    Agriculture

    Illinois’ major agricultural outputs are corn, soybeans, hogs, cattle, dairy products, and wheat. In most years, Illinois is either the first or second state for the highest production of soybeans, with a harvest of 427.7 million bushels (11.64 million metric tons) in 2008, after Iowa’s production of 444.82 million bushels (12.11 million metric tons). Illinois ranks second in U.S. corn production with more than 1.5 billion bushels produced annually. Illinois is a leader in food manufacturing and meat processing. Although Chicago may no longer be “Hog Butcher for the World,” the Chicago area remains a global center for food manufacture and meat processing, with many plants, processing houses, and distribution facilities concentrated in the area of the former Union Stock Yards. Illinois also produces wine, and the state is home to two American viticultural areas. Illinois’ universities are actively researching alternative agricultural products as alternative crops.

    Manufacturing

    Illinois is one of the nation’s manufacturing leaders, boasting annual value added productivity by manufacturing of over $107 billion in 2006. About three-quarters of the state’s manufacturers are located in the Northeastern Opportunity Return Region, with 38 percent of Illinois’ approximately 18,900 manufacturing plants located in Cook County. As of 2006, the leading manufacturing industries in Illinois, based upon value-added, were chemical manufacturing ($18.3 billion), machinery manufacturing ($13.4 billion), food manufacturing ($12.9 billion), fabricated metal products ($11.5 billion), transportation equipment ($7.4 billion), plastics and rubber products ($7.0 billion), and computer and electronic products ($6.1 billion).

    Services

    By the early 2000s, Illinois’ economy had moved toward a dependence on high-value-added services, such as financial trading, higher education, law, logistics, and medicine. In some cases, these services clustered around institutions that hearkened back to Illinois’ earlier economies. For example, the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, a trading exchange for global derivatives, had begun its life as an agricultural futures market. Other important non-manufacturing industries include publishing, tourism, and energy production and distribution.

    Energy

    Illinois is a net importer of fuels for energy, despite large coal resources and some minor oil production. Illinois exports electricity, ranking fifth among states in electricity production and seventh in electricity consumption.

    Coal

    The coal industry of Illinois has its origins in the middle 19th century, when entrepreneurs such as Jacob Loose discovered coal in locations such as Sangamon County. Jacob Bunn contributed to the development of the Illinois coal industry, and was a founder and owner of the Western Coal & Mining Company of Illinois. About 68% of Illinois has coal-bearing strata of the Pennsylvanian geologic period. According to the Illinois State Geological Survey, 211 billion tons of bituminous coal are estimated to lie under the surface, having a total heating value greater than the estimated oil deposits in the Arabian Peninsula. However, this coal has a high sulfur content, which causes acid rain unless special equipment is used to reduce sulfur dioxide emissions. Many Illinois power plants are not equipped to burn high-sulfur coal. In 1999, Illinois produced 40.4 million tons of coal, but only 17 million tons (42%) of Illinois coal was consumed in Illinois. Most of the coal produced in Illinois is exported to other states, while much of the coal burned for power in Illinois (21 million tons in 1998) is mined in the Powder River Basin of Wyoming.
    Mattoon was recently chosen as the site for the Department of Energy’s FutureGen project, a 275 megawatt experimental zero emission coal-burning power plant which just received a second round of funding from the DOE. In 2010, after a number of setbacks, the city of Mattoon backed out of the project.

    Petroleum

    Illinois is a leading refiner of petroleum in the American Midwest, with a combined crude oil distillation capacity of nearly 900,000 barrels per day (140,000 m3/d). However, Illinois has very limited crude oil proved reserves that account for less than 1% of U.S. crude oil proved reserves. Residential heating is 81% natural gas compared to less than 1% heating oil. Illinois is ranked 14th in oil production among states, with a daily output of approximately 28,000 barrels (4,500 m3) in 2005.

    Nuclear power

    Nuclear power arguably began in Illinois with the Chicago Pile-1, the world’s first artificial self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction in the world’s first nuclear reactor, built on the University of Chicago campus. There are six operating nuclear power plants in Illinois: Braidwood; Byron; Clinton; Dresden; LaSalle; and Quad Cities. With the exception of the single-unit Clinton plant, each of these facilities has two reactors. Three reactors have been permanently shut down and are in various stages of decommissioning: Dresden-1 and Zion-1 and 2. As of 2008, Illinois was ranked first among the 50 states both in nuclear capacity and nuclear generation. In 2007, 48% of Illinois’ electricity was generated using nuclear power.

    Wind power

    Illinois has seen growing interest in the use of wind power for electrical generation. Most of Illinois was rated in 2009 as “marginal or fair” for wind energy production by the U.S. Department of Energy, with some western sections rated “good” and parts of the south rated “poor”. These ratings are for wind turbines with 50-metre (160 ft) hub heights; newer wind turbines are taller, enabling them to reach stronger winds farther from the ground. As a result, more areas of Illinois have become prospective wind farm sites. As of September 2009, Illinois had 1116.06 MW of installed wind power nameplate capacity with another 741.9 MW under construction. Illinois ranked ninth among U.S. states in installed wind power capacity, and sixteenth by potential capacity. Large wind farms in Illinois include Twin Groves, Rail Splitter, EcoGrove, and Mendota Hills.
    As of 2007, wind energy represented only 1.7% of Illinois’ energy production, and it was estimated that wind power could provide 5-10% of the state’s energy needs. Also, the Illinois General Assembly mandated in 2007 that by 2025, 25% of all electricity generated in Illinois is to come from renewable resources.

    Biofuels

    Illinois is ranked second in corn production among U.S. states, and Illinois corn is used to produce 40% of the ethanol consumed in the United States. The Archer Daniels Midland corporation in Decatur, Illinois is the world’s leading producer of ethanol from corn.
    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign is one of the partners in the Energy Biosciences Institute (EBI), a $500 million biofuels research project funded by petroleum giant BP.