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Phone Answering Service in Michigan

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    • 1 to 3 days

      Detroit

      24/7 Voicemail Reception

      9 – 5 Live Answering

      24/7 Custom Solutions

      Starts at $20/month

  • DETROIT

  • ACME

  • ADA

  • ADDISON

  • ADRIAN

  • AFTON

  • AHMEEK

  • AKRON

  • ALANSON

  • ALBA

  • ALBION

  • ALDEN

  • ALGER

  • ALGONAC

  • ALLEGAN

  • ALLEN

  • ALLEN PARK

  • ALLENDALE

  • ALLENTON

  • ALLOUEZ

  • ALMA

  • ALMONT

  • ALPENA

  • ALPHA

  • ALTO

  • AMASA

  • ANCHORVILLE

  • ANN ARBOR

  • APPLEGATE

  • ARCADIA

  • ARGYLE

  • ARMADA

  • ARNOLD

  • ASHLEY

  • ATHENS

  • ATLANTA

  • ATLANTIC MINE

  • ATLAS

  • ATTICA

  • AU GRES

  • AU TRAIN

  • AUBURN

  • AUBURN HILLS

  • AUGUSTA

  • AVOCA

  • AZALIA

  • BAD AXE

  • BAILEY

  • BALDWIN

  • BANCROFT

  • BANGOR

  • BANNISTER

  • BARAGA

  • BARBEAU

  • BARK RIVER

  • BARODA

  • BARRYTON

  • BARTON CITY

  • BATH

  • BATTLE CREEK

  • BAY CITY

  • BAY PORT

  • BAY SHORE

  • BEAR LAKE

  • BEAVER ISLAND

  • BEAVERTON

  • BEDFORD

  • BELDING

  • BELLAIRE

  • BELLEVILLE

  • BELLEVUE

  • BELMONT

  • BENTLEY

  • BENTON HARBOR

  • BENZONIA

  • BERGLAND

  • BERKLEY

  • BERRIEN CENTER

  • BERRIEN SPRINGS

  • BESSEMER

  • BEULAH

  • BIG BAY

  • BIG RAPIDS

  • BIRCH RUN

  • BIRMINGHAM

  • BITELY

  • BLACK RIVER

  • BLANCHARD

  • BLISSFIELD

  • BLOOMFIELD HILLS

  • BLOOMINGDALE

  • BOON

  • BOYNE CITY

  • BOYNE FALLS

  • BRADLEY

  • BRANCH

  • BRANT

  • BRECKENRIDGE

  • BREEDSVILLE

  • BRETHREN

  • BRIDGEPORT

  • BRIDGEWATER

  • BRIDGMAN

  • BRIGHTON

  • BRIMLEY

  • BRITTON

  • BROHMAN

  • BRONSON

  • BROOKLYN

  • BROWN CITY

  • BRUCE CROSSING

  • BRUTUS

  • BUCHANAN

  • BUCKLEY

  • BURLINGTON

  • BURNIPS

  • BURR OAK

  • BURT

  • BURT LAKE

  • BURTON

  • BYRON

  • BYRON CENTER

  • CADILLAC

  • CALEDONIA

  • CALUMET

  • CAMDEN

  • CANNONSBURG

  • CANTON

  • CAPAC

  • CARLETON

  • CARNEY

  • CARO

  • CARP LAKE

  • CARROLLTON

  • CARSON CITY

  • CARSONVILLE

  • CASCO

  • CASEVILLE

  • CASNOVIA

  • CASPIAN

  • CASS CITY

  • CASSOPOLIS

  • CEDAR

  • CEDAR LAKE

  • CEDAR SPRINGS

  • CEDARVILLE

  • CEMENT CITY

  • CENTER LINE

  • CENTRAL LAKE

  • CENTREVILLE

  • CERESCO

  • CHAMPION

  • CHANNING

  • CHARLEVOIX

  • CHARLOTTE

  • CHASE

  • CHASSELL

  • CHATHAM

  • CHEBOYGAN

  • CHELSEA

  • CHESANING

  • CHIPPEWA LAKE

  • CLARE

  • CLARKLAKE

  • CLARKSTON

  • CLARKSVILLE

  • CLAWSON

  • CLAYTON

  • CLIFFORD

  • CLIMAX

  • CLINTON

  • CLINTON TOWNSHIP

  • CLIO

  • CLOVERDALE

  • COHOCTAH

  • COLDWATER

  • COLEMAN

  • COLOMA

  • COLON

  • COLUMBIAVILLE

  • COLUMBUS

  • COMINS

  • COMMERCE TOWNSHIP

  • COMSTOCK

  • COMSTOCK PARK

  • CONCORD

  • CONKLIN

  • CONSTANTINE

  • CONWAY

  • COOKS

  • COOPERSVILLE

  • COPEMISH

  • COPPER CITY

  • COPPER HARBOR

  • CORAL

  • CORNELL

  • CORUNNA

  • COVERT

  • COVINGTON

  • CROSS VILLAGE

  • CROSWELL

  • CRYSTAL

  • CRYSTAL FALLS

  • CURRAN

  • CURTIS

  • CUSTER

  • DAFTER

  • DAGGETT

  • DANSVILLE

  • DAVISBURG

  • DAVISON

  • DE TOUR VILLAGE

  • DEARBORN

  • DEARBORN HEIGHTS

  • DECATUR

  • DECKER

  • DECKERVILLE

  • DEERFIELD

  • DEERTON

  • DEFORD

  • DELTON

  • DEWITT

  • DEXTER

  • DIMONDALE

  • DODGEVILLE

  • DOLLAR BAY

  • DORR

  • DOUGLAS

  • DOWAGIAC

  • DOWLING

  • DRAYTON PLAINS

  • DRUMMOND ISLAND

  • DRYDEN

  • DUNDEE

  • DURAND

  • EAGLE

  • EAST CHINA

  • EAST JORDAN

  • EAST LANSING

  • EAST LEROY

  • EAST TAWAS

  • EASTLAKE

  • EASTPOINTE

  • EASTPORT

  • EATON RAPIDS

  • EAU CLAIRE

  • EBEN JUNCTION

  • ECKERMAN

  • ECORSE

  • EDENVILLE

  • EDMORE

  • EDWARDSBURG

  • ELBERTA

  • ELK RAPIDS

  • ELKTON

  • ELLSWORTH

  • ELM HALL

  • ELMIRA

  • ELSIE

  • ELWELL

  • EMMETT

  • EMPIRE

  • ENGADINE

  • ERIE

  • ESCANABA

  • ESSEXVILLE

  • EUREKA

  • EVART

  • EWEN

  • FAIR HAVEN

  • FAIRGROVE

  • FAIRVIEW

  • FALMOUTH

  • FARMINGTON

  • FARWELL

  • FELCH

  • FENNVILLE

  • FENTON

  • FENWICK

  • FERNDALE

  • FERRYSBURG

  • FIFE LAKE

  • FILER CITY

  • FILION

  • FLAT ROCK

  • FLINT

  • FLUSHING

  • FORESTVILLE

  • FORT GRATIOT

  • FOSTER CITY

  • FOSTORIA

  • FOUNTAIN

  • FOWLER

  • FOWLERVILLE

  • FRANKENMUTH

  • FRANKFORT

  • FRANKLIN

  • FRASER

  • FREDERIC

  • FREE SOIL

  • FREELAND

  • FREEPORT

  • FREMONT

  • FRONTIER

  • FRUITPORT

  • FULTON

  • GAASTRA

  • GAGETOWN

  • GAINES

  • GALESBURG

  • GALIEN

  • GARDEN

  • GARDEN CITY

  • GAYLORD

  • GENESEE

  • GERMFASK

  • GILFORD

  • GLADSTONE

  • GLADWIN

  • GLEN ARBOR

  • GLENN

  • GLENNIE

  • GOBLES

  • GOETZVILLE

  • GOOD HART

  • GOODELLS

  • GOODRICH

  • GOULD CITY

  • GOWEN

  • GRAND BLANC

  • GRAND HAVEN

  • GRAND JUNCTION

  • GRAND LEDGE

  • GRAND MARAIS

  • GRAND RAPIDS

  • GRANDVILLE

  • GRANT

  • GRASS LAKE

  • GRAWN

  • GRAYLING

  • GREENBUSH

  • GREENLAND

  • GREENVILLE

  • GREGORY

  • GROSSE ILE

  • GROSSE POINTE

  • GULLIVER

  • GWINN

  • HADLEY

  • HAGAR SHORES

  • HALE

  • HAMBURG

  • HAMILTON

  • HAMTRAMCK

  • HANCOCK

  • HANOVER

  • HARBERT

  • HARBOR BEACH

  • HARBOR SPRINGS

  • HARPER WOODS

  • HARRIETTA

  • HARRIS

  • HARRISON

  • HARRISON TOWNSHIP

  • HARRISVILLE

  • HARSENS ISLAND

  • HART

  • HARTFORD

  • HARTLAND

  • HASLETT

  • HASTINGS

  • HAWKS

  • HAZEL PARK

  • HEMLOCK

  • HENDERSON

  • HERMANSVILLE

  • HERRON

  • HERSEY

  • HESPERIA

  • HESSEL

  • HICKORY CORNERS

  • HIGGINS LAKE

  • HIGHLAND

  • HIGHLAND PARK

  • HILLMAN

  • HILLSDALE

  • HOLLAND

  • HOLLY

  • HOLT

  • HOLTON

  • HOMER

  • HONOR

  • HOPE

  • HOPKINS

  • HORTON

  • HOUGHTON

  • HOUGHTON LAKE

  • HOUGHTON LAKE HEIGHTS

  • HOWARD CITY

  • HOWELL

  • HUBBARD LAKE

  • HUBBARDSTON

  • HUBBELL

  • HUDSON

  • HUDSONVILLE

  • HULBERT

  • HUNTINGTON WOODS

  • IDA

  • IDLEWILD

  • IMLAY CITY

  • INDIAN RIVER

  • INGALLS

  • INKSTER

  • INTERLOCHEN

  • IONIA

  • IRON MOUNTAIN

  • IRON RIVER

  • IRONS

  • IRONWOOD

  • ISHPEMING

  • ITHACA

  • JACKSON

  • JAMESTOWN

  • JASPER

  • JEDDO

  • JENISON

  • JEROME

  • JOHANNESBURG

  • JONES

  • JONESVILLE

  • KALAMAZOO

  • KALEVA

  • KALKASKA

  • KAWKAWLIN

  • KEARSARGE

  • KEEGO HARBOR

  • KENDALL

  • KENT CITY

  • KEWADIN

  • KINCHELOE

  • KINDE

  • KINGSFORD

  • KINGSLEY

  • KINGSTON

  • KINROSS

  • LA SALLE

  • LACHINE

  • LACOTA

  • LAINGSBURG

  • LAKE

  • LAKE ANN

  • LAKE CITY

  • LAKE GEORGE

  • LAKE LEELANAU

  • LAKE LINDEN

  • LAKE ODESSA

  • LAKE ORION

  • LAKELAND

  • LAKESIDE

  • LAKEVIEW

  • LAKEVILLE

  • LAMBERTVILLE

  • LAMONT

  • LANSE

  • LANSING

  • LAPEER

  • LAWRENCE

  • LAWTON

  • LELAND

  • LENNON

  • LEONARD

  • LEONIDAS

  • LEROY

  • LESLIE

  • LEVERING

  • LEWISTON

  • LEXINGTON

  • LINCOLN

  • LINCOLN PARK

  • LINDEN

  • LINWOOD

  • LITCHFIELD

  • LITTLE LAKE

  • LIVONIA

  • LONG LAKE

  • LORETTO

  • LOWELL

  • LUDINGTON

  • LUNA PIER

  • LUPTON

  • LUTHER

  • LUZERNE

  • LYONS

  • MACATAWA

  • MACKINAC ISLAND

  • MACKINAW CITY

  • MACOMB

  • MADISON HEIGHTS

  • MANCELONA

  • MANCHESTER

  • MANISTEE

  • MANISTIQUE

  • MANITOU BEACH

  • MANTON

  • MAPLE CITY

  • MAPLE RAPIDS

  • MARCELLUS

  • MARENISCO

  • MARINE CITY

  • MARION

  • MARLETTE

  • MARNE

  • MARQUETTE

  • MARSHALL

  • MARTIN

  • MARYSVILLE

  • MASON

  • MASS CITY

  • MATTAWAN

  • MAYBEE

  • MAYFIELD

  • MAYVILLE

  • MC BAIN

  • MC MILLAN

  • MCBRIDES

  • MEARS

  • MECOSTA

  • MELVIN

  • MELVINDALE

  • MEMPHIS

  • MENDON

  • MENOMINEE

  • MERRILL

  • MERRITT

  • MESICK

  • METAMORA

  • MICHIGAMME

  • MICHIGAN CENTER

  • MIDDLETON

  • MIDDLEVILLE

  • MIDLAND

  • MIKADO

  • MILAN

  • MILFORD

  • MILLERSBURG

  • MILLINGTON

  • MINDEN CITY

  • MIO

  • MOHAWK

  • MOLINE

  • MONROE

  • MONTAGUE

  • MONTGOMERY

  • MONTROSE

  • MORAN

  • MORENCI

  • MORLEY

  • MORRICE

  • MOSCOW

  • MOSHERVILLE

  • MOUNT CLEMENS

  • MOUNT MORRIS

  • MOUNT PLEASANT

  • MUIR

  • MULLETT LAKE

  • MULLIKEN

  • MUNGER

  • MUNISING

  • MUNITH

  • MUSKEGON

  • NADEAU

  • NAHMA

  • NAPOLEON

  • NASHVILLE

  • NATIONAL CITY

  • NATIONAL MINE

  • NAUBINWAY

  • NAZARETH

  • NEGAUNEE

  • NEW BALTIMORE

  • NEW BOSTON

  • NEW BUFFALO

  • NEW ERA

  • NEW HAVEN

  • NEW HUDSON

  • NEW LOTHROP

  • NEW TROY

  • NEWAYGO

  • NEWBERRY

  • NEWPORT

  • NILES

  • NISULA

  • NORTH ADAMS

  • NORTH BRANCH

  • NORTH STAR

  • NORTH STREET

  • NORTHPORT

  • NORTHVILLE

  • NORVELL

  • NORWAY

  • NOTTAWA

  • NOVI

  • NUNICA

  • OAK PARK

  • OAKLAND

  • OAKLEY

  • ODEN

  • OKEMOS

  • OLD MISSION

  • OLIVET

  • OMENA

  • OMER

  • ONAWAY

  • ONEKAMA

  • ONONDAGA

  • ONSTED

  • ONTONAGON

  • ORLEANS

  • ORTONVILLE

  • OSCODA

  • OSHTEMO

  • OSSEO

  • OSSINEKE

  • OTISVILLE

  • OTSEGO

  • OTTAWA LAKE

  • OTTER LAKE

  • OVID

  • OWENDALE

  • OWOSSO

  • OXFORD

  • PAINESDALE

  • PALMER

  • PALMS

  • PALMYRA

  • PALO

  • PARADISE

  • PARIS

  • PARMA

  • PAW PAW

  • PECK

  • PELKIE

  • PELLSTON

  • PENTWATER

  • PERKINS

  • PERRINTON

  • PERRONVILLE

  • PERRY

  • PETERSBURG

  • PETOSKEY

  • PEWAMO

  • PICKFORD

  • PIERSON

  • PIGEON

  • PINCKNEY

  • PINCONNING

  • PITTSFORD

  • PLAINWELL

  • PLEASANT LAKE

  • PLEASANT RIDGE

  • PLYMOUTH

  • POINTE AUX PINS

  • POMPEII

  • PONTIAC

  • PORT AUSTIN

  • PORT HOPE

  • PORT HURON

  • PORT SANILAC

  • PORTAGE

  • PORTLAND

  • POSEN

  • POTTERVILLE

  • POWERS

  • PRESCOTT

  • PRESQUE ISLE

  • PRUDENVILLE

  • PULLMAN

  • QUINCY

  • QUINNESEC

  • RALPH

  • RAMSAY

  • RAPID CITY

  • RAPID RIVER

  • RAVENNA

  • RAY

  • READING

  • REDFORD

  • REED CITY

  • REESE

  • REMUS

  • REPUBLIC

  • RHODES

  • RICHLAND

  • RICHMOND

  • RICHVILLE

  • RIGA

  • RIVER ROUGE

  • RIVERDALE

  • RIVERSIDE

  • RIVERVIEW

  • RIVES JUNCTION

  • ROCHESTER

  • ROCK

  • ROCKFORD

  • ROCKLAND

  • ROCKWOOD

  • RODNEY

  • ROGERS CITY

  • ROMEO

  • ROMULUS

  • ROSCOMMON

  • ROSE CITY

  • ROSEBUSH

  • ROSEVILLE

  • ROTHBURY

  • ROYAL OAK

  • RUDYARD

  • RUMELY

  • RUTH

  • SAGINAW

  • SAGOLA

  • SAINT CHARLES

  • SAINT CLAIR

  • SAINT CLAIR SHORES

  • SAINT HELEN

  • SAINT IGNACE

  • SAINT JOHNS

  • SAINT JOSEPH

  • SAINT LOUIS

  • SALEM

  • SALINE

  • SAMARIA

  • SAND CREEK

  • SAND LAKE

  • SANDUSKY

  • SANFORD

  • SARANAC

  • SAUGATUCK

  • SAULT SAINTE MARIE

  • SAWYER

  • SCHOOLCRAFT

  • SCOTTS

  • SCOTTVILLE

  • SEARS

  • SEBEWAING

  • SENEY

  • SHAFTSBURG

  • SHELBY

  • SHELBYVILLE

  • SHEPHERD

  • SHERIDAN

  • SHERWOOD

  • SHINGLETON

  • SIDNAW

  • SIDNEY

  • SILVERWOOD

  • SIX LAKES

  • SKANDIA

  • SKANEE

  • SMITHS CREEK

  • SMYRNA

  • SNOVER

  • SODUS

  • SOMERSET

  • SOMERSET CENTER

  • SOUTH BOARDMAN

  • SOUTH BRANCH

  • SOUTH HAVEN

  • SOUTH LYON

  • SOUTH RANGE

  • SOUTH ROCKWOOD

  • SOUTHFIELD

  • SOUTHGATE

  • SPALDING

  • SPARTA

  • SPRING ARBOR

  • SPRING LAKE

  • SPRINGPORT

  • SPRUCE

  • STAMBAUGH

  • STANDISH

  • STANTON

  • STANWOOD

  • STEPHENSON

  • STERLING

  • STERLING HEIGHTS

  • STEVENSVILLE

  • STOCKBRIDGE

  • STURGIS

  • SUMNER

  • SUNFIELD

  • SUTTONS BAY

  • SWARTZ CREEK

  • SYLVAN BEACH

  • TAWAS CITY

  • TAYLOR

  • TECUMSEH

  • TEKONSHA

  • TEMPERANCE

  • THOMPSONVILLE

  • THREE OAKS

  • THREE RIVERS

  • TIPTON

  • TOIVOLA

  • TOPINABEE

  • TOWER

  • TRAVERSE CITY

  • TRENARY

  • TRENTON

  • TROUT CREEK

  • TROUT LAKE

  • TROY

  • TRUFANT

  • TURNER

  • TUSTIN

  • TWIN LAKE

  • TWINING

  • UBLY

  • UNION

  • UNION CITY

  • UNION LAKE

  • UNION PIER

  • UNIONVILLE

  • UNIVERSITY CENTER

  • UTICA

  • VANDALIA

  • VANDERBILT

  • VASSAR

  • VERMONTVILLE

  • VERNON

  • VESTABURG

  • VICKSBURG

  • VULCAN

  • WAKEFIELD

  • WALDRON

  • WALHALLA

  • WALKERVILLE

  • WALLACE

  • WALLED LAKE

  • WALLOON LAKE

  • WARREN

  • WASHINGTON

  • WATERFORD

  • WATERS

  • WATERSMEET

  • WATERVLIET

  • WATTON

  • WAYLAND

  • WAYNE

  • WEBBERVILLE

  • WEIDMAN

  • WELLS

  • WELLSTON

  • WEST BLOOMFIELD

  • WEST BRANCH

  • WEST OLIVE

  • WESTLAND

  • WESTON

  • WESTPHALIA

  • WETMORE

  • WHEELER

  • WHITE CLOUD

  • WHITE LAKE

  • WHITE PIGEON

  • WHITE PINE

  • WHITEHALL

  • WHITMORE LAKE

  • WHITTAKER

  • WHITTEMORE

  • WILLIAMSBURG

  • WILLIAMSTON

  • WILLIS

  • WILSON

  • WINN

  • WIXOM

  • WOLVERINE

  • WOODLAND

  • WYANDOTTE

  • WYOMING

  • YALE

  • YPSILANTI

  • ZEELAND
  • Does Phone Answering USA provide Automated Reception Services in Michigan?

    Phone Answering USA provides Automated Reception Services in Michigan. This package is simple and cost effective. This package includes a local phone number, unlimited calls, unlimited local & long distance minutes (in the continental US), unlimited call forwarding and up to 7 extensions.

    This package can be purchased on our website or by calling 702.943.0315

    Does Phone Answering USA provide Live 9am to 5pm Live Answering in Michigan?

    Phone Answering USA provides a Pay Per Call Live 9-5 Answering Service in Michigan. These call packages are designed for the company that does not need 24/7 phone answering and wishes to pay per call not per minute. It is a simple way to understand what your monthly cost will be month in and month out.

    Live 9am – 5pm Standard and Premium Package Differentiated:

    Standard Live Answering

    Calls personally answered/ Live Message Receiving/ forwarding call to voice mail, Monday – Friday, 9am – 5pm local time (except holidays). $1 per call over allotted package.

    Premium Live Answering

    Calls personally answered/ screened/ forwarded per your instruction, allowing you to decide whether to accept the call, Monday – Friday, 9am – 5pm local time (except holidays). $1 per call over allotted package.

    Find-Me / Follow-Me: Live efforts to forward your calls, allowing you to not miss that important call.

    Both Standard and Premium packages provide:

    • Off-hour automated reception with up to 7 extensions – Auto-attendant answering of calls in your company’s name with up to 3 dialing options for callers external client number(s). Unlimited Long Distance Continental U.S.
    • Custom greeting for Off-hours – Your company branding when your line is answered.
    • Flat Rate Monthly Call Bundles – You choose the amount of bundled calls monthly for your services and receive one-set price.
    • Local Number – Local Number that is uniquely yours while employing our services.
    • Voice-mail Message to Email – Receive Voice-mails to email and hear it as a .wav file, saving long-distance charges in lieu of calling in to check your messages.
    • Music on Hold – Callers hear music when on hold or while waiting to connect.
    • Text Message Notification to Cell Phone – Receive your messages taken live by receptionist and sent by text to your mobile phone.
    • Call Time Scheduler – Calls can be routed a certain way during business hours (9-5) and a different way after-hours.

    This Package can be purchased on our website or by calling 702.943.0315

    Does Phone Answering USA provide 24/7 Phone Answering services in Michigan?

    Phone Answering USA provides a suite of Phone Answering 24/7 Services in Michigan. All the service packages are custom to fit any companies’ needs.

    Categories:

    • Answering Services
    • Live Receptionist
    • Order Entry
    • Scheduling
    • Call Center
    • Help Desk

    24/7 Service Defined:

    • Absentee Reporting – Agents can answer your employee reporting line and document employee absences at a minimal cost of hiring full or part-time staff.
    • Ad Response – Agents can service and manage the responses to targeted advertising campaigns, website advertising, newspapers, radio, and direct mailings.
    • Answering Service – Experienced agents can answer your line 24/7; collect the information you require; and promptly forward it to you.
    • Directory Service – Provide your callers with the nearest location of your store, service center, or dealer.
    • Disaster Recovery Back-up – Prevent your phones from being unanswered during crisis by utilizing our answering service.
    • E-Mail Read & Response – Agents ca read and respond to your e-mail in a prompt and professional manner using your templates or scripted guidance.
    • Help Desk – Utilizing the information you provide, agents will answer your line and help the caller get the right information for their questions or concerns.
    • Insurance – Professional Agents will answer your line and collect the claims information you require.
    • Marketing Collateral Request Service – Professional agents will answer your line and record the name and address of the caller requesting your catalog, literature, or other information.
    • Medical Answering – Courteous Agents will provide answering for doctors, clinics, and hospitals. HIPAA compliant.
    • Order Entry – Professional agents can take orders for your products and services.
    • Overflow – Outsource your office phones to relieve overburdening your in-house resources.
    • Property Management Services – Agents can handle property inquiries and maintenance dispatching 24/7.
    • Scheduling – Agents will answer your line and schedule appointments and/or provide reminder follow-up calls. Agents can answer your line to schedule your seminar, class, conference, or event.

    These packages can be purchased by contact us through our website or calling 702.943.0315

    State of Michigan

    Michigan is a state located in the Great Lakes region of the Midwestern United States. The name Michigan is the French form of the Ojibwa word mishigamaa, meaning “large water” or “large lake”. Michigan is the 9th most populous of the 50 United States, with the 11th most extensive total area. Its capital is Lansing, and the largest city is Detroit. Michigan was admitted into the Union on January 26, 1837, as the 26th state.
    Michigan has the longest freshwater coastline of any political subdivision in the world, being bounded by four of the five Great Lakes, plus Lake Saint Clair. Michigan is one of the leading U.S. states for recreational boating. The state has 64,980 inland lakes and ponds. A person in the state is never more than six miles (9.7 km) from a natural water source or more than 85 miles (137 km) from a Great Lakes shoreline. It is the largest state by total area east of the Mississippi River.
    Michigan is the only state to consist of two peninsulas. The Lower Peninsula, to which the name Michigan was originally applied, is often noted to be shaped like a mitten. The Upper Peninsula (often referred to as “the U.P.”) is separated from the Lower Peninsula by the Straits of Mackinac, a five-mile (8 km) channel that joins Lake Huron to Lake Michigan. The two peninsulas are connected by the Mackinac Bridge. While sparsely populated, the Upper Peninsula is economically important due to its status as a tourist destination as well as its abundance of natural resources.

    History

    When the first European explorers arrived, the most populous tribes were Algonquian peoples, which include the Ottawa, the Ojibwe or Anishnaabeg (called Chippewa in French), and the Potawatomi. The Anishnaabeg, whose numbers are estimated to have been between 25,000 and 35,000, were the largest.
    The Anishnaabeg were established in Michigan’s Upper Peninsula and northern Michigan, and also inhabited northern Ontario, northern Wisconsin, southern Manitoba, and northern and north-central Minnesota. The Ottawa lived primarily south of the Straits of Mackinac in northern and western Michigan, while the Potawatomi were primarily in the southwest. The three nations co-existed peacefully as part of a loose confederation called the Council of Three Fires. Other tribes in Michigan, in the south and east, were the Mascouten, the Menominee, the Miami, the Sac (or Sauk), the Fox, and the Wyandot, who are better known by their French name, the Huron.

    17th century

    French voyageurs and coureurs des bois explored and settled in Michigan in the 17th century. The first Europeans to reach what later became Michigan were those of Etienne Brule’s expedition in 1622. The first permanent European settlement was founded in 1668 on the site where Pere Jacques Marquette established Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan as a base for Catholic missions. Missionaries in 1671-75 founded outlying stations at Saint Ignace and Marquette. Jesuit missionaries were well received by the Indian populations in the area, with relatively few difficulties or hostilities. In 1679, Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la Salle built Fort Miami at present-day St. Joseph.

    18th century

    In 1701, French explorer and army officer Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac founded Fort Pontchartrain du Detroit or “Fort Pontchartrain on-the-Strait” on the strait, known as the Detroit River, between lakes Saint Clair and Erie. Cadillac had convinced King Louis XIV’s chief minister, Louis Phelypeaux, Comte de Pontchartrain, that a permanent community there would strengthen French control over the upper Great Lakes and discourage British aspirations.
    The hundred soldiers and workers who accompanied Cadillac built a fort enclosing one arpent (about 0.85 acres (3,400 m2), the equivalent of just under 200 feet (61 m) per side) and named it Fort Pontchartrain. Cadillac’s wife, Marie Therese Guyon, soon moved to Detroit, becoming one of the first European women to settle in the Michigan wilderness. The town quickly became a major fur-trading and shipping post. The Eglise de Saint-Anne (Church of Saint Ann) was founded the same year. While the original building does not survive, the congregation of that name continues to be active today. Cadillac later departed to serve as the French governor of Louisiana from 1710 to 1716. French attempts to consolidate the fur trade led to the Fox Wars between the Meskwaki (Fox) and their allies and the French and their Native allies.
    At the same time, the French strengthened Fort Michilimackinac at the Straits of Mackinac to better control their lucrative fur-trading empire. By the mid-18th century, the French also occupied forts at present-day Niles and Sault Ste. Marie, though most of the rest of the region remained unsettled by Europeans.
    From 1660 to the end of French rule, Michigan was part of the Royal Province of New France. In 1759, following the Battle of the Plains of Abraham in the French and Indian War (1754-1763), Quebec City fell to British forces. This marked Britain’s victory in the Seven Years War. Under the 1763 Treaty of Paris, Michigan and the rest of New France east of the Mississippi River passed to Great Britain.
    During the American Revolutionary War, Detroit was an important British supply center. Most of the inhabitants were French-Canadians or Native Americans, many of whom had been allied with the French. Because of imprecise cartography and unclear language defining the boundaries in the 1783 Treaty of Paris, the British retained control of Detroit and Michigan after the American Revolution. When Quebec split into Lower and Upper Canada in 1790, Michigan was part of Kent County, Upper Canada. It held its first democratic elections in August 1792 to send delegates to the new provincial parliament at Newark (now Niagara-on-the-Lake).
    Under terms negotiated in the 1794 Jay Treaty, Britain withdrew from Detroit and Michilimackinac in 1796. Questions remained over the boundary for many years, and the United States did not have uncontested control of the Upper Peninsula and Drummond Island until 1818 and 1847, respectively.

    19th century

    During the War of 1812, Michigan Territory (effectively consisting of Detroit and the surrounding area) was surrendered after a nearly bloodless siege in 1812. An attempt to retake Detroit resulted in a severe American defeat in the River Raisin Massacre. This battle is still the bloodiest ever fought in the state and had the highest number of American casualties of any battle in the war. Ultimately, Michigan was recaptured by Americans in 1813 after the Battle of Lake Erie. An invasion of Canada which culminated in the Battle of the Thames was then launched from Michigan. The more northern areas were held by the British until the peace treaty restored the old boundaries. A number of forts, including Fort Wayne were built in Michigan during the 19th century out of fears of renewed fighting with Britain.
    The population grew slowly until the opening in 1825 of the Erie Canal connecting the Great Lakes and the Hudson River and New York City. The new route brought a large influx of settlers, who became farmers and merchants and shipped out grain, lumber, and iron ore. By the 1830s, Michigan had 80,000 residents, more than enough to apply and qualify for statehood. In October 1835 the people approved the Constitution of 1835, thereby forming a state government, although Congressional recognition was delayed pending resolution of a boundary dispute with Ohio known as the Toledo War. Congress awarded the “Toledo Strip” to Ohio. Michigan received the western part of the Upper Peninsula as a concession and formally entered the Union on January 26, 1837. The Upper Peninsula proved to be a rich source of lumber, iron, and copper. Michigan led the nation in lumber production from the 1850s to the 1880s. Railroads became a major engine of growth from the 1850s onward, with Detroit the chief hub.
    The first statewide meeting of the Republican Party took place July 6, 1854, in Jackson, Michigan, where the party adopted its platform. The state was heavily Republican until the 1930s. Michigan made a significant contribution to the Union in the American Civil War and sent more than forty regiments of volunteers to the federal armies.
    Modernizers and boosters set up systems for public education, including founding the University of Michigan (1817; moved to Ann Arbor in 1841), for a classical academic education; and Michigan State Normal School, (1849) now Eastern Michigan University, for the training of teachers. In 1899, it became the first normal college in the nation to offer a four-year curriculum. Michigan Agricultural College (1855), now Michigan State University in East Lansing, was founded as the pioneer land-grant college, a model for those authorized under the Morrill Act (1862). Many other private colleges were founded as well, and the smaller cities formed high schools late in the century.

    20th and 21st centuries

    Michigan’s economy underwent a transformation at the turn of the 20th century. Many individuals, including Ransom E. Olds, John and Horace Dodge, Henry Leland, David Dunbar Buick, Henry Joy, Charles King, and Henry Ford, provided the concentration of engineering know-how and technological enthusiasm to start the birth of the automotive industry. Ford’s development of the moving assembly line in Highland Park marked the beginning of a new era in transportation. Like the steamship and railroad, it was a far-reaching development. More than the forms of public transportation, the automobile transformed private life. It became the major industry of Detroit and Michigan, and permanently altered the socio-economic life of the United States and much of the world.
    With the growth, the auto industry created jobs in Detroit that attracted immigrants from Europe and migrants from across the U.S., including those from the South. By 1920, Detroit was the fourth largest city in the U.S. Residential housing was in short supply, and it took years for the market to catch up with the population boom. By the 1930s, so many immigrants had arrived that more than 30 languages were spoken in the public schools, and ethnic communities celebrated in annual heritage festivals. Over the years immigrants and migrants contributed greatly to Detroit’s diverse urban culture, including popular music trends, such as the influential Motown Sound of the 1960s led by a variety of individual singers and groups.
    Michigan’s economy underwent a transformation at the turn of the 20th century. Many individuals, including Ransom E. Olds, John and Horace Dodge, Henry Leland, David Dunbar Buick, Henry Joy, Charles King, and Henry Ford, provided the concentration of engineering know-how and technological enthusiasm to start the birth of the automotive industry. Ford’s development of the moving assembly line in Highland Park marked the beginning of a new era in transportation. Like the steamship and railroad, it was a far-reaching development. More than the forms of public transportation, the automobile transformed private life. It became the major industry of Detroit and Michigan, and permanently altered the socio-economic life of the United States and much of the world.
    With the growth, the auto industry created jobs in Detroit that attracted immigrants from Europe and migrants from across the U.S., including those from the South. By 1920, Detroit was the fourth largest city in the U.S. Residential housing was in short supply, and it took years for the market to catch up with the population boom. By the 1930s, so many immigrants had arrived that more than 30 languages were spoken in the public schools, and ethnic communities celebrated in annual heritage festivals. Over the years immigrants and migrants contributed greatly to Detroit’s diverse urban culture, including popular music trends, such as the influential Motown Sound of the 1960s led by a variety of individual singers and groups.
    The Metro Detroit area in Southeast Michigan is the largest metropolitan area in the state (roughly 50% of the population resides there) and the eleventh largest in the USA. The Grand Rapids metropolitan area in Western Michigan is the fastest-growing metro area in the state, with over 1.3 million residents as of 2006. Metro Detroit receives more than 15 million visitors each year. Michigan has many popular tourist destinations which include areas such as Traverse City on the Grand Traverse Bay in Northern Michigan. Tourists spend about $17 billion annually in Michigan supporting 193,000 jobs.
    Michigan typically ranks third or fourth in overall Research & development (R&D) expenditures in the U.S. The state’s leading research institutions include the University of Michigan, Michigan State University and Wayne State University which are important partners in the state’s economy and the state’s University Research Corridor. Michigan’s public universities attract more than $1.5 B in research and development grants each year.- Agriculture also serves a significant role making the state a leading grower of fruit in the U.S., including blueberries, cherries, apples, grapes, and peaches.

    Geography

    Michigan consists of two peninsulas that lie between 82°30′ to about 90°30′ west longitude, and are separated by the Straits of Mackinac. The 45th parallel north runs through the state-marked by highway signs and the Polar-Equator Trail–along a line including Mission Point Light near Traverse City, the towns of Gaylord and Alpena in the Lower Peninsula and Menominee in the Upper Peninsula. With the exception of two small areas that are drained by the Mississippi River by way of the Wisconsin River in the Upper Peninsula and by way of the Kankakee-Illinois River in the Lower Peninsula, Michigan is drained by the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence watershed and is the only state with the majority of its land thus drained.
    The Great Lakes that border Michigan from east to west are Lake Erie, Lake Huron, Lake Michigan and Lake Superior. It has more lighthouses than any other state. The state is bounded on the south by the states of Ohio and Indiana, sharing land and water boundaries with both. Michigan’s western boundaries are almost entirely water boundaries, from south to north, with Illinois and Wisconsin in Lake Michigan; then a land boundary with Wisconsin and the Upper Peninsula, that is principally demarcated by the Menominee and Montreal Rivers; then water boundaries again, in Lake Superior, with Wisconsin and Minnesota to the west, capped around by the Canadian province of Ontario to the north and east.
    The heavily forested Upper Peninsula is relatively mountainous in the west. The Porcupine Mountains, which are part of one of the oldest mountain chains in the world, rise to an altitude of almost 2,000 feet (610 m) above sea level and form the watershed between the streams flowing into Lake Superior and Lake Michigan. The surface on either side of this range is rugged. The state’s highest point, in the Huron Mountains northwest of Marquette, is Mount Arvon at 1,979 feet (603 m). The peninsula is as large as Connecticut, Delaware, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island combined but has fewer than 330,000 inhabitants. They are sometimes called “Yoopers” (from “U.P.’ers”), and their speech (the “Yooper dialect”) has been heavily influenced by the numerous Scandinavian and Canadian immigrants who settled the area during the lumbering and mining boom of the late 19th century.
    The Lower Peninsula is shaped like a mitten and many residents hold up a hand to depict where they are from. It is 277 miles (446 km) long from north to south and 195 miles (314 km) from east to west and occupies nearly two-thirds of the state’s land area. The surface of the peninsula is generally level, broken by conical hills and glacial moraines usually not more than a few hundred feet tall. It is divided by a low water divide running north and south. The larger portion of the state is on the west of this and gradually slopes toward Lake Michigan. The highest point in the Lower Peninsula is either Briar Hill at 1,705 feet (520 m), or one of several points nearby in the vicinity of Cadillac. The lowest point is the surface of Lake Erie at 571 feet (174 m).
    The geographic orientation of Michigan’s peninsulas makes for a long distance between the ends of the state. Ironwood, in the far western Upper Peninsula, lies 630 highway miles (1,015 km) from Lambertville in the Lower Peninsula’s southeastern corner. The geographic isolation of the Upper Peninsula from Michigan’s political and population centers makes the U.P. culturally and economically distinct. Occasionally U.P. residents have called for secession from Michigan and establishment as a new state to be called “Superior”.
    A feature of Michigan that gives it the distinct shape of a mitten is the Thumb. This peninsula projects out into Lake Huron and the Saginaw Bay. The geography of the Thumb is mainly flat with a few rolling hills. Other peninsulas of Michigan include the Keweenaw Peninsula, making up the Copper Country region of the state. The Leelanau Peninsula lies in the Northern Lower Michigan region.
    Numerous lakes and marshes mark both peninsulas, and the coast is much indented. Keweenaw Bay, Whitefish Bay, and the Big and Little Bays De Noc are the principal indentations on the Upper Peninsula. The Grand and Little Traverse, Thunder, and Saginaw bays indent the Lower Peninsula. Michigan has the second longest shoreline of any state-3,288 miles (5,292 km), including 1,056 miles (1,699 km) of island shoreline.
    The state has numerous large islands, the principal ones being the North Manitou and South Manitou, Beaver, and Fox groups in Lake Michigan; Isle Royale and Grande Isle in Lake Superior; Marquette, Bois Blanc, and Mackinac islands in Lake Huron; and Neebish, Sugar, and Drummond islands in St. Mary’s River. Michigan has about 150 lighthouses, the most of any U.S. state. The first lighthouses in Michigan were built between 1818 and 1822. They were built to project light at night and to serve as a landmark during the day to safely guide the passenger ships and freighters traveling the Great Lakes. See Lighthouses in the United States.
    The state’s rivers are generally small, short and shallow, and few are navigable. The principal ones include the Detroit River, St. Marys River, and St. Clair River which connect the Great Lakes; the Au Sable, Cheboygan, and Saginaw, which flow into Lake Huron; the Ontonagon, and Tahquamenon, which flow into Lake Superior; and the St. Joseph, Kalamazoo, Grand, Muskegon, Manistee, and Escanaba, which flow into Lake Michigan. The state has 11,037 inland lakes (totaling 1,305 square miles (3,380 km2) of inland water) in addition to 38,575 square miles (99,910 km2) of Great Lakes waters. No point in Michigan is more than six miles (10 km) from an inland lake or more than 85 miles (137 km) from one of the Great Lakes.
    The state is home to a number of areas maintained by the National Park Service including: Isle Royale National Park, located in Lake Superior, about 30 miles (48 km) southeast of Thunder Bay, Ontario. Other national protected areas in the state include: Keweenaw National Historical Park, Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore, Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore, Huron National Forest, Manistee National Forest, Hiawatha National Forest, Ottawa National Forest and Father Marquette National Memorial. The largest section of the North Country National Scenic Trail passes through Michigan.
    With 78 state parks, 19 state recreation areas, and 6 state forests, Michigan has the largest state park and state forest system of any state. These parks and forests include Holland State Park, Mackinac Island State Park, Au Sable State Forest, and Mackinaw State Forest.

    Climate

    Michigan has a continental climate, although there are two distinct regions. The southern and central parts of the Lower Peninsula (south of Saginaw Bay and from the Grand Rapids area southward) have a warmer climate (Koppen climate classification Dfa) with hot summers and cold winters. The northern part of Lower Peninsula and the entire Upper Peninsula has a more severe climate (Koppen Dfb), with warm, but shorter summers and longer, cold to very cold winters. Some parts of the state average high temperatures below freezing from December through February, and into early March in the far northern parts. During the winter through the middle of February the state is frequently subjected to heavy lake-effect snow. The state averages from 30-40 inches (76-100 cm) of precipitation annually, however some areas in the northern lower peninsula and the upper peninsula average almost 160″ of snowfall per year. Michigan’s highest recorded temperature is 112 °F (44 °C) at Mio on July 13, 1936, and the coldest recorded temperature is -51 °F (-46 °C) at Vanderbilt on February 9, 1934.
    The entire state averages 30 days of thunderstorm activity per year. These can be severe, especially in the southern part of the state. The state averages 17 tornadoes per year, which are more common in the extreme southern portion of the state. Portions of the southern border have been nearly as vulnerable historically as parts of Tornado Alley. For this reason, many communities in the very southern portions of the state are equipped with tornado sirens to warn residents of approaching tornadoes. Farther north, in the Upper Peninsula, tornadoes are rare.

    Economy

    The Bureau of Economic Analysis estimated Michigan’s 2010 gross state product at $384.1 B.- As of January 2013, the state’s unemployment rate is 8.9%.
    Products and services include automobiles, food products, information technology, aerospace, military equipment, furniture, and mining of copper and iron ore. Michigan is the third leading grower of Christmas trees with 60,520 acres (245 km2) of land dedicated to Christmas tree farming. The beverage Vernors was invented in Michigan in 1866, sharing the title of oldest soft drink with Hires Root Beer. Faygo was founded in Detroit on November 4, 1907. Two of the top four pizza chains were founded in Michigan and are headquartered there: Domino’s Pizza by Tom Monaghan and Little Caesars Pizza by Mike Ilitch. Michigan became the 24th Right to Work state in U.S. in 2012.
    Since 2009, GM, Ford, and Chrysler have managed a significant reorganization of their benefit funds structure after a volatile stock market which followed the September 11 attacks and early 2000s recession impacted their respective U.S. pension and benefit funds (OPEB). General Motors, Ford, and Chrysler reached agreements with the United Auto Workers Union to transfer the liabilities for their respective health care and benefit funds to a 501(c)(9) Voluntary Employee Beneficiary Association (VEBA). Manufacturing in the state grew 6.6% from 2001 to 2006, but the high speculative price of oil became a factor for the U.S. auto industry during the economic crisis of 2008 impacting industry revenues. In 2009, GM and Chrysler emerged from Chapter 11 restructurings with financing provided in part by the U.S. and Canandian governments. GM began its initial public offering (IPO) of stock in 2010.- For 2010, the Big Three domestic automakers have reported significant profits indicating the beginning of rebound.–
    As of 2002, Michigan ranked fourth in the U.S. in high tech employment with 568,000 high tech workers, which includes 70,000 in the automotive industry. Michigan typically ranks third or fourth in overall Research & development (R&D) expenditures in the United States. Its research and development, which includes automotive, comprises a higher percentage of the state’s overall gross domestic product than for any other U.S. state. The state is an important source of engineering job opportunities. The domestic auto industry accounts directly and indirectly for one of every ten jobs in the U.S.
    Michigan was second in the U.S. in 2004 for new corporate facilities and expansions. From 1997 to 2004, Michigan was the only state to top the 10,000 mark for the number of major new developments; however, the effects of the late 2000s recession have slowed the state’s economy. In 2008, Michigan placed third in a site selection survey among the states for luring new business which measured capital investment and new job creation per one million population. In August 2009, Michigan and Detroit’s auto industry received $1.36 B in grants from the U.S. Department of Energy for the manufacture of electric vehicle technologies which is expected to generate 6,800 immediate jobs and employ 40,000 in the state by 2020.- From 2007 to 2009, Michigan ranked 3rd in the U.S. for new corporate facilities and expansions.–
    As leading research institutions, the University of Michigan, Michigan State University, and Wayne State University are important partners in the state’s economy and the state’s University Research Corridor. Michigan’s public universities attract more than $1.5 B in research and development grants each year.- The National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory is located at Michigan State University. Michigan’s workforce is well-educated and highly skilled, making it attractive to companies. It has the third highest number of engineering graduates nationally.
    Detroit Metropolitan Airport is one of the nation’s most recently expanded and modernized airports with six major runways, and large aircraft maintenance facilities capable of servicing and repairing a Boeing 747 and is a major hub for Delta Air Lines. Michigan’s schools and colleges rank among the nation’s best. The state has maintained its early commitment to public education. The state’s infrastructure gives it a competitive edge; Michigan has 38 deep water ports. In 2007, Bank of America announced that it would commit $25 billion to community development in Michigan following its acquisition of LaSalle Bank in Troy.
    Michigan led the nation in job creation improvement in 2010.

    Taxation

    Michigan’s personal income tax is set to a flat rate of 4.35%. In addition, 22 cities impose income taxes; rates are set at 1% for residents and 0.5% for non-residents in all but four cities. Michigan’s state sales tax is 6%, though items such as food and medication are exempted from sales tax. Property taxes are assessed on the local level, but every property owner’s local assessment contributes six mills (a rate of $6 dollars per $1000 of property value) to the statutory State Education Tax. Property taxes are appealable to local boards of review and need the approval of the local electorate to exceed millage rates prescribed by state law and local charters. In 2011, the state repealed its business tax and replaced it with a 6% corporate income tax which substantially reduced taxes on business. Article IX of the Constitution of the State of Michigan also provides limitations on how much the state can tax.

    Agriculture

    A wide variety of commodity crops, fruits, and vegetables are grown in Michigan, making it second only to California among U.S. states in the diversity of its agriculture.- The state has 55,000 farms utilizing 10,000,000 acres (40,000 km2) of land which sold $6.6 billion worth of products in 2008.- The most valuable agricultural product is milk. Leading crops include corn, soybeans, flowers, wheat, sugar beets and potatoes. Livestock in the state included 1 million cattle, 1 million hogs, 78,000 sheep and over 3 million chickens. Livestock products accounted for 38% of the value of agricultural products while crops accounted for the majority.
    Michigan is a leading grower of fruit in the U.S., including blueberries, cherries, apples, grapes, and peaches.– Plums, pears, and strawberries are also grown. These fruits are mainly grown in West Michigan due to the moderating effect of Lake Michigan on the climate. There is also significant fruit production, especially cherries, but also grapes, apples, and other fruits, in Northwest Michigan along Lake Michigan. Michigan produces wines, beers and a multitude of processed food products. Kellogg’s cereal is based in Battle Creek, Michigan and processes many locally grown foods. Thornapple Valley, Ball Park Franks, Koegel Meat Company, and Hebrew National sausage companies are all based in Michigan.
    Michigan is home to very fertile land in the Flint/Tri-Cities and “Thumb” areas. Products grown there include corn, sugar beets, navy beans, and soy beans. Sugar beet harvesting usually begins the first of October. It takes the sugar factories about five months to process the 3.7 million tons of sugarbeets into 970 million pounds of pure, white sugar. Michigan’s largest sugar refiner, Michigan Sugar Company is the largest east of the Mississippi River and the fourth largest in the nation. Michigan Sugar brand names are Pioneer Sugar and the newly incorporated Big Chief Sugar. Potatoes are grown in Northern Michigan, and corn is dominant in Central Michigan. Alfalfa, cucumbers, and asparagus are also grown.

    Tourism

    Michigan’s tourists spend $17.2 billion per year in the state, supporting 193,000 tourism jobs.- Michigan’s tourism website ranks among the busiest in the nation. Destinations draw vacationers, hunters, and nature enthusiasts from across the United States and Canada. Michigan is fifty percent forest land, much of it quite remote. The forests, lakes and thousands of miles of beaches are top attractions. Event tourism draws large numbers to occasions like the Tulip Time Festival and the National Cherry Festival.
    In 2006, the Michigan State Board of Education mandated that all public schools in the state hold their first day of school after the Labor Day holiday, in accordance with the new Post Labor Day School law. A survey found that 70% of all tourism business comes directly from Michigan residents, and the Michigan Hotel, Motel, & Resort Association claimed that the shorter summer in between school years cut into the annual tourism season in the state.
    Tourism in metropolitan Detroit draws visitors to leading attractions, especially The Henry Ford, the Detroit Institute of Arts, the Detroit Zoo, and to sports in Detroit. Other museums include the Detroit Historical Museum, the Charles H. Wright Museum of African American History, museums in the Cranbrook Educational Community, and the Arab American National Museum. The metro area offers four major casinos, MGM Grand Detroit, Greektown, Motor City, and Caesars Windsor in Windsor, Ontario, Canada; moreover, Detroit is the largest American city and metropolitan region to offer casino resorts.
    Hunting and fishing are significant industries in the state. Charter boats are based in many Great Lakes cities to fish for salmon, trout, walleye and perch. Michigan ranks first in the nation in licensed hunters (over one million) who contribute $2 billion annually to its economy. Over three-quarters of a million hunters participate in white-tailed deer season alone. Many school districts in rural areas of Michigan cancel school on the opening day of firearm deer season, because of attendance concerns.
    Michigan’s Department of Natural Resources manages the largest dedicated state forest system in the nation. The forest products industry and recreational users contribute $12 billion and 200,000 associated jobs annually to the state’s economy. Public hiking and hunting access has also been secured in extensive commercial forests. The state has the highest number of golf courses and registered snowmobiles in the nation.
    The state has numerous historical markers, which can themselves become the center of a tour. The Great Lakes Circle Tour is a designated scenic road system connecting all of the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River.-
    With its position in relation to the Great Lakes and the countless ships that have foundered over the many years in which they have been used as a transport route for people and bulk cargo, Michigan is a world-class scuba diving destination. The Michigan Underwater Preserves are 11 underwater areas where wrecks are protected for the benefit of sport divers.