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Phone Answering Service in Minnesota

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    • 1 to 3 days

      Minneapolis

      24/7 Voicemail Reception

      9 – 5 Live Answering

      24/7 Custom Solutions

      Starts at $20/month

  • MINNEAPOLIS

  • ADA

  • ADAMS

  • ADOLPH

  • ADRIAN

  • AFTON

  • AH GWAH CHING

  • AITKIN

  • AKELEY

  • ALBANY

  • ALBERT LEA

  • ALBERTA

  • ALBERTVILLE

  • ALBORN

  • ALDEN

  • ALDRICH

  • ALEXANDRIA

  • ALMELUND

  • ALPHA

  • ALTURA

  • ALVARADO

  • AMBOY

  • ANDOVER

  • ANGLE INLET

  • ANGORA

  • ANNANDALE

  • ANOKA

  • APPLETON

  • ARCO

  • ARGYLE

  • ARLINGTON

  • ASHBY

  • ASKOV

  • ATWATER

  • AUDUBON

  • AURORA

  • AUSTIN

  • AVOCA

  • AVON

  • BABBITT

  • BACKUS

  • BADGER

  • BAGLEY

  • BALATON

  • BARNESVILLE

  • BARNUM

  • BARRETT

  • BARRY

  • BATTLE LAKE

  • BAUDETTE

  • BAXTER

  • BAYPORT

  • BEARDSLEY

  • BEAVER BAY

  • BEAVER CREEK

  • BECKER

  • BEJOU

  • BELGRADE

  • BELLE PLAINE

  • BELLINGHAM

  • BELTRAMI

  • BELVIEW

  • BEMIDJI

  • BENA

  • BENEDICT

  • BENSON

  • BERTHA

  • BETHEL

  • BIG FALLS

  • BIG LAKE

  • BIGELOW

  • BIGFORK

  • BINGHAM LAKE

  • BIRCHDALE

  • BIRD ISLAND

  • BIWABIK

  • BLACKDUCK

  • BLOMKEST

  • BLOOMING PRAIRIE

  • BLUE EARTH

  • BLUFFTON

  • BOCK

  • BORUP

  • BOVEY

  • BOWLUS

  • BOWSTRING

  • BOYD

  • BRAHAM

  • BRAINERD

  • BRANDON

  • BRECKENRIDGE

  • BREWSTER

  • BRICELYN

  • BRIMSON

  • BRITT

  • BROOK PARK

  • BROOKS

  • BROOKSTON

  • BROOTEN

  • BROWERVILLE

  • BROWNS VALLEY

  • BROWNSDALE

  • BROWNSVILLE

  • BROWNTON

  • BRUNO

  • BUCKMAN

  • BUFFALO

  • BUFFALO LAKE

  • BUHL

  • BURNSVILLE

  • BURTRUM

  • BUTTERFIELD

  • BYRON

  • CALEDONIA

  • CALLAWAY

  • CALUMET

  • CAMBRIDGE

  • CAMPBELL

  • CANBY

  • CANNON FALLS

  • CANTON

  • CANYON

  • CARLOS

  • CARLTON

  • CARVER

  • CASS LAKE

  • CASTLE ROCK

  • CEDAR

  • CENTER CITY

  • CEYLON

  • CHAMPLIN

  • CHANDLER

  • CHANHASSEN

  • CHASKA

  • CHATFIELD

  • CHISAGO CITY

  • CHISHOLM

  • CHOKIO

  • CIRCLE PINES

  • CLARA CITY

  • CLAREMONT

  • CLARISSA

  • CLARKFIELD

  • CLARKS GROVE

  • CLEAR LAKE

  • CLEARBROOK

  • CLEARWATER

  • CLEMENTS

  • CLEVELAND

  • CLIMAX

  • CLINTON

  • CLITHERALL

  • CLONTARF

  • CLOQUET

  • COHASSET

  • COKATO

  • COLD SPRING

  • COLERAINE

  • COLLEGEVILLE

  • COLOGNE

  • COMFREY

  • COMSTOCK

  • CONGER

  • COOK

  • CORRELL

  • COSMOS

  • COTTAGE GROVE

  • COTTON

  • COTTONWOOD

  • COURTLAND

  • CRANE LAKE

  • CROMWELL

  • CROOKSTON

  • CROSBY

  • CROSSLAKE

  • CRYSTAL BAY

  • CURRIE

  • CUSHING

  • CYRUS

  • DAKOTA

  • DALBO

  • DALTON

  • DANUBE

  • DANVERS

  • DARFUR

  • DARWIN

  • DASSEL

  • DAWSON

  • DAYTON

  • DEER CREEK

  • DEER RIVER

  • DEERWOOD

  • DELANO

  • DELAVAN

  • DENNISON

  • DENT

  • DETROIT LAKES

  • DEXTER

  • DILWORTH

  • DODGE CENTER

  • DONALDSON

  • DONNELLY

  • DOVER

  • DOVRAY

  • DULUTH

  • DUMONT

  • DUNDAS

  • DUNNELL

  • EAGLE BEND

  • EAGLE LAKE

  • EAST GRAND FORKS

  • EASTON

  • ECHO

  • EDEN PRAIRIE

  • EDEN VALLEY

  • EDGERTON

  • EFFIE

  • EITZEN

  • ELBOW LAKE

  • ELGIN

  • ELIZABETH

  • ELK RIVER

  • ELKO NEW MARKET

  • ELKTON

  • ELLENDALE

  • ELLSWORTH

  • ELMORE

  • ELROSA

  • ELY

  • ELYSIAN

  • EMBARRASS

  • EMILY

  • EMMONS

  • ERHARD

  • ERSKINE

  • ESKO

  • ESSIG

  • EUCLID

  • EVANSVILLE

  • EVELETH

  • EXCELSIOR

  • EYOTA

  • FAIRFAX

  • FAIRMONT

  • FARIBAULT

  • FARMINGTON

  • FARWELL

  • FEDERAL DAM

  • FELTON

  • FERGUS FALLS

  • FERTILE

  • FIFTY LAKES

  • FINLAND

  • FINLAYSON

  • FISHER

  • FLENSBURG

  • FLOM

  • FLOODWOOD

  • FOLEY

  • FORBES

  • FOREST LAKE

  • FORESTON

  • FORT RIPLEY

  • FOSSTON

  • FOUNTAIN

  • FOXHOME

  • FRANKLIN

  • FRAZEE

  • FREEBORN

  • FREEPORT

  • FRONTENAC

  • FROST

  • FULDA

  • GARDEN CITY

  • GARFIELD

  • GARRISON

  • GARVIN

  • GARY

  • GATZKE

  • GAYLORD

  • GENEVA

  • GEORGETOWN

  • GHENT

  • GIBBON

  • GILBERT

  • GILMAN

  • GLENCOE

  • GLENVILLE

  • GLENWOOD

  • GLYNDON

  • GONVICK

  • GOOD THUNDER

  • GOODHUE

  • GOODLAND

  • GOODRIDGE

  • GRACEVILLE

  • GRANADA

  • GRAND MARAIS

  • GRAND MEADOW

  • GRAND PORTAGE

  • GRAND RAPIDS

  • GRANDY

  • GRANITE FALLS

  • GRASSTON

  • GREEN ISLE

  • GREENBUSH

  • GREENWALD

  • GREY EAGLE

  • GROVE CITY

  • GRYGLA

  • GULLY

  • HACKENSACK

  • HALLOCK

  • HALMA

  • HALSTAD

  • HAMBURG

  • HAMEL

  • HAMPTON

  • HANCOCK

  • HANLEY FALLS

  • HANOVER

  • HANSKA

  • HARDWICK

  • HARMONY

  • HARRIS

  • HARTLAND

  • HASTINGS

  • HAWLEY

  • HAYFIELD

  • HAYWARD

  • HECTOR

  • HENDERSON

  • HENDRICKS

  • HENDRUM

  • HENNING

  • HENRIETTE

  • HERMAN

  • HERON LAKE

  • HEWITT

  • HIBBING

  • HILL CITY

  • HILLMAN

  • HILLS

  • HINCKLEY

  • HINES

  • HITTERDAL

  • HOFFMAN

  • HOKAH

  • HOLDINGFORD

  • HOLLAND

  • HOLLANDALE

  • HOLLOWAY

  • HOLMES CITY

  • HOLYOKE

  • HOMER

  • HOPE

  • HOPKINS

  • HOUSTON

  • HOVLAND

  • HOWARD LAKE

  • HOYT LAKES

  • HUGO

  • HUMBOLDT

  • HUNTLEY

  • HUTCHINSON

  • IHLEN

  • INTERNATIONAL FALLS

  • INVER GROVE HEIGHTS

  • IONA

  • IRON

  • IRONTON

  • ISABELLA

  • ISANTI

  • ISLE

  • IVANHOE

  • JACKSON

  • JACOBSON

  • JANESVILLE

  • JASPER

  • JEFFERS

  • JENKINS

  • JORDAN

  • KABETOGAMA

  • KANARANZI

  • KANDIYOHI

  • KARLSTAD

  • KASOTA

  • KASSON

  • KEEWATIN

  • KELLIHER

  • KELLOGG

  • KENNEDY

  • KENNETH

  • KENSINGTON

  • KENT

  • KENYON

  • KERKHOVEN

  • KERRICK

  • KETTLE RIVER

  • KIESTER

  • KILKENNY

  • KIMBALL

  • KINNEY

  • KNIFE RIVER

  • LA CRESCENT

  • LA SALLE

  • LAFAYETTE

  • LAKE BENTON

  • LAKE BRONSON

  • LAKE CITY

  • LAKE CRYSTAL

  • LAKE ELMO

  • LAKE GEORGE

  • LAKE HUBERT

  • LAKE LILLIAN

  • LAKE PARK

  • LAKE WILSON

  • LAKEFIELD

  • LAKELAND

  • LAKEVILLE

  • LAMBERTON

  • LANCASTER

  • LANESBORO

  • LANSING

  • LAPORTE

  • LASTRUP

  • LE CENTER

  • LE ROY

  • LE SUEUR

  • LENGBY

  • LEONARD

  • LEOTA

  • LESTER PRAIRIE

  • LEWISTON

  • LEWISVILLE

  • LINDSTROM

  • LISMORE

  • LITCHFIELD

  • LITTLE FALLS

  • LITTLEFORK

  • LOMAN

  • LONG LAKE

  • LONG PRAIRIE

  • LONGVILLE

  • LONSDALE

  • LORETTO

  • LOWRY

  • LUCAN

  • LUTSEN

  • LUVERNE

  • LYLE

  • LYND

  • MABEL

  • MADELIA

  • MADISON

  • MADISON LAKE

  • MAGNOLIA

  • MAHNOMEN

  • MAKINEN

  • MANKATO

  • MANTORVILLE

  • MAPLE LAKE

  • MAPLE PLAIN

  • MAPLETON

  • MARBLE

  • MARCELL

  • MARGIE

  • MARIETTA

  • MARINE ON SAINT CROIX

  • MARSHALL

  • MAX

  • MAYER

  • MAYNARD

  • MAZEPPA

  • MC GRATH

  • MCGREGOR

  • MCINTOSH

  • MEADOWLANDS

  • MEDFORD

  • MELROSE

  • MELRUDE

  • MENAHGA

  • MENDOTA

  • MENTOR

  • MERRIFIELD

  • MIDDLE RIVER

  • MILACA

  • MILAN

  • MILLVILLE

  • MILROY

  • MILTONA

  • MINNEOTA

  • MINNESOTA CITY

  • MINNESOTA LAKE

  • MINNETONKA

  • MINNETONKA BEACH

  • MIZPAH

  • MONTEVIDEO

  • MONTGOMERY

  • MONTICELLO

  • MONTROSE

  • MOORHEAD

  • MOOSE LAKE

  • MORA

  • MORGAN

  • MORRIS

  • MORRISTOWN

  • MORTON

  • MOTLEY

  • MOUND

  • MOUNTAIN IRON

  • MOUNTAIN LAKE

  • MURDOCK

  • NASHUA

  • NASHWAUK

  • NAVARRE

  • NAYTAHWAUSH

  • NELSON

  • NERSTRAND

  • NETT LAKE

  • NEVIS

  • NEW AUBURN

  • NEW GERMANY

  • NEW LONDON

  • NEW MUNICH

  • NEW PRAGUE

  • NEW RICHLAND

  • NEW ULM

  • NEW YORK MILLS

  • NEWFOLDEN

  • NEWPORT

  • NICOLLET

  • NIELSVILLE

  • NIMROD

  • NISSWA

  • NORCROSS

  • NORTH BRANCH

  • NORTHFIELD

  • NORTHOME

  • NORTHROP

  • NORWOOD

  • NORWOOD YOUNG AMERICA

  • NOYES

  • OAK ISLAND

  • OAK PARK

  • ODESSA

  • ODIN

  • OGEMA

  • OGILVIE

  • OKABENA

  • OKLEE

  • OLIVIA

  • ONAMIA

  • ORMSBY

  • ORONOCO

  • ORR

  • ORTONVILLE

  • OSAGE

  • OSAKIS

  • OSLO

  • OSSEO

  • OSTRANDER

  • OTTERTAIL

  • OUTING

  • OWATONNA

  • PALISADE

  • PARK RAPIDS

  • PARKERS PRAIRIE

  • PAYNESVILLE

  • PEASE

  • PELICAN RAPIDS

  • PEMBERTON

  • PENGILLY

  • PENNINGTON

  • PENNOCK

  • PEQUOT LAKES

  • PERHAM

  • PERLEY

  • PETERSON

  • PIERZ

  • PILLAGER

  • PINE CITY

  • PINE ISLAND

  • PINE RIVER

  • PIPESTONE

  • PLAINVIEW

  • PLATO

  • PLUMMER

  • PONEMAH

  • PONSFORD

  • PORTER

  • PRESTON

  • PRINCETON

  • PRINSBURG

  • PRIOR LAKE

  • PUPOSKY

  • RACINE

  • RANDALL

  • RANDOLPH

  • RANIER

  • RAYMOND

  • READING

  • READS LANDING

  • RED LAKE FALLS

  • RED WING

  • REDBY

  • REDLAKE

  • REDWOOD FALLS

  • REMER

  • RENVILLE

  • REVERE

  • RICE

  • RICHMOND

  • RICHVILLE

  • RICHWOOD

  • ROCHERT

  • ROCHESTER

  • ROCK CREEK

  • ROCKFORD

  • ROCKVILLE

  • ROGERS

  • ROLLINGSTONE

  • ROOSEVELT

  • ROSCOE

  • ROSE CREEK

  • ROSEAU

  • ROSEMOUNT

  • ROTHSAY

  • ROUND LAKE

  • ROYALTON

  • RUSH CITY

  • RUSHFORD

  • RUSHMORE

  • RUSSELL

  • RUTHTON

  • SABIN

  • SACRED HEART

  • SAGINAW

  • SAINT BONIFACIUS

  • SAINT CHARLES

  • SAINT CLAIR

  • SAINT CLOUD

  • SAINT FRANCIS

  • SAINT HILAIRE

  • SAINT JAMES

  • SAINT JOSEPH

  • SAINT MARTIN

  • SAINT MICHAEL

  • SAINT PAUL

  • SAINT PAUL PARK

  • SAINT PETER

  • SAINT STEPHEN

  • SAINT VINCENT

  • SALOL

  • SANBORN

  • SANDSTONE

  • SANTIAGO

  • SARGEANT

  • SARTELL

  • SAUK CENTRE

  • SAUK RAPIDS

  • SAVAGE

  • SAWYER

  • SCANDIA

  • SCHROEDER

  • SEAFORTH

  • SEARLES

  • SEBEKA

  • SHAFER

  • SHAKOPEE

  • SHELLY

  • SHERBURN

  • SHEVLIN

  • SIDE LAKE

  • SILVER BAY

  • SILVER CREEK

  • SILVER LAKE

  • SLAYTON

  • SLEEPY EYE

  • SOLWAY

  • SOUDAN

  • SOUTH HAVEN

  • SOUTH INTERNATIONAL FALLS

  • SOUTH SAINT PAUL

  • SPICER

  • SPRING GROVE

  • SPRING LAKE

  • SPRING PARK

  • SPRING VALLEY

  • SPRINGFIELD

  • SQUAW LAKE

  • STACY

  • STANCHFIELD

  • STAPLES

  • STARBUCK

  • STEEN

  • STEPHEN

  • STEWART

  • STEWARTVILLE

  • STILLWATER

  • STOCKTON

  • STORDEN

  • STRANDQUIST

  • STRATHCONA

  • STURGEON LAKE

  • SUNBURG

  • SWAN RIVER

  • SWANVILLE

  • SWATARA

  • SWIFT

  • TACONITE

  • TALMOON

  • TAMARACK

  • TAOPI

  • TAUNTON

  • TAYLORS FALLS

  • TENSTRIKE

  • THIEF RIVER FALLS

  • TINTAH

  • TOFTE

  • TOWER

  • TRACY

  • TRAIL

  • TRIMONT

  • TROSKY

  • TRUMAN

  • TWIG

  • TWIN LAKES

  • TWIN VALLEY

  • TWO HARBORS

  • TYLER

  • ULEN

  • UNDERWOOD

  • UPSALA

  • UTICA

  • VERGAS

  • VERMILLION

  • VERNDALE

  • VERNON CENTER

  • VESTA

  • VICTORIA

  • VIKING

  • VILLARD

  • VINING

  • VIRGINIA

  • WABASHA

  • WABASSO

  • WACONIA

  • WADENA

  • WAHKON

  • WAITE PARK

  • WALDORF

  • WALKER

  • WALNUT GROVE

  • WALTHAM

  • WANAMINGO

  • WANDA

  • WANNASKA

  • WARBA

  • WARREN

  • WARROAD

  • WARSAW

  • WASECA

  • WASKISH

  • WATERTOWN

  • WATERVILLE

  • WATKINS

  • WATSON

  • WAUBUN

  • WAVERLY

  • WAYZATA

  • WEBSTER

  • WELCH

  • WELCOME

  • WELLS

  • WENDELL

  • WEST CONCORD

  • WEST UNION

  • WESTBROOK

  • WHEATON

  • WHITE EARTH

  • WILLERNIE

  • WILLIAMS

  • WILLMAR

  • WILLOW RIVER

  • WILMONT

  • WILTON

  • WINDOM

  • WINGER

  • WINNEBAGO

  • WINONA

  • WINSTED

  • WINTHROP

  • WINTON

  • WIRT

  • WOLF LAKE

  • WOLVERTON

  • WOOD LAKE

  • WOODSTOCK

  • WORTHINGTON

  • WRENSHALL

  • WRIGHT

  • WYKOFF

  • WYOMING

  • YOUNG AMERICA

  • ZIMMERMAN

  • ZUMBRO FALLS

  • ZUMBROTA
  • Does Phone Answering USA provide Automated Reception Services in Minnesota?

    Phone Answering USA provides Automated Reception Services in Minnesota. This package is simple and cost effective. This package includes a local phone number, unlimited calls, unlimited local & long distance minutes (in the continental US), unlimited call forwarding and up to 7 extensions.

    This package can be purchased on our website or by calling 702.943.0315

    Does Phone Answering USA provide Live 9am to 5pm Live Answering in Minnesota?

    Phone Answering USA provides a Pay Per Call Live 9-5 Answering Service in Minnesota. These call packages are designed for the company that does not need 24/7 phone answering and wishes to pay per call not per minute. It is a simple way to understand what your monthly cost will be month in and month out.

    Live 9am – 5pm Standard and Premium Package Differentiated:

    Standard Live Answering

    Calls personally answered/ Live Message Receiving/ forwarding call to voice mail, Monday – Friday, 9am – 5pm local time (except holidays). $1 per call over allotted package.

    Premium Live Answering

    Calls personally answered/ screened/ forwarded per your instruction, allowing you to decide whether to accept the call, Monday – Friday, 9am – 5pm local time (except holidays). $1 per call over allotted package.

    Find-Me / Follow-Me: Live efforts to forward your calls, allowing you to not miss that important call.

    Both Standard and Premium packages provide:

    • Off-hour automated reception with up to 7 extensions – Auto-attendant answering of calls in your company’s name with up to 3 dialing options for callers external client number(s). Unlimited Long Distance Continental U.S.
    • Custom greeting for Off-hours – Your company branding when your line is answered.
    • Flat Rate Monthly Call Bundles – You choose the amount of bundled calls monthly for your services and receive one-set price.
    • Local Number – Local Number that is uniquely yours while employing our services.
    • Voice-mail Message to Email – Receive Voice-mails to email and hear it as a .wav file, saving long-distance charges in lieu of calling in to check your messages.
    • Music on Hold – Callers hear music when on hold or while waiting to connect.
    • Text Message Notification to Cell Phone – Receive your messages taken live by receptionist and sent by text to your mobile phone.
    • Call Time Scheduler – Calls can be routed a certain way during business hours (9-5) and a different way after-hours.

    This Package can be purchased on our website or by calling 702.943.0315

    Does Phone Answering USA provide 24/7 Phone Answering services in Minnesota?

    Phone Answering USA provides a suite of Phone Answering 24/7 Services in Minnesota. All the service packages are custom to fit any companies’ needs.

    Categories:

    • Answering Services
    • Live Receptionist
    • Order Entry
    • Scheduling
    • Call Center
    • Help Desk

    24/7 Service Defined:

    • Absentee Reporting – Agents can answer your employee reporting line and document employee absences at a minimal cost of hiring full or part-time staff.
    • Ad Response – Agents can service and manage the responses to targeted advertising campaigns, website advertising, newspapers, radio, and direct mailings.
    • Answering Service – Experienced agents can answer your line 24/7; collect the information you require; and promptly forward it to you.
    • Directory Service – Provide your callers with the nearest location of your store, service center, or dealer.
    • Disaster Recovery Back-up – Prevent your phones from being unanswered during crisis by utilizing our answering service.
    • E-Mail Read & Response – Agents ca read and respond to your e-mail in a prompt and professional manner using your templates or scripted guidance.
    • Help Desk – Utilizing the information you provide, agents will answer your line and help the caller get the right information for their questions or concerns.
    • Insurance – Professional Agents will answer your line and collect the claims information you require.
    • Marketing Collateral Request Service – Professional agents will answer your line and record the name and address of the caller requesting your catalog, literature, or other information.
    • Medical Answering – Courteous Agents will provide answering for doctors, clinics, and hospitals. HIPAA compliant.
    • Order Entry – Professional agents can take orders for your products and services.
    • Overflow – Outsource your office phones to relieve overburdening your in-house resources.
    • Property Management Services – Agents can handle property inquiries and maintenance dispatching 24/7.
    • Scheduling – Agents will answer your line and schedule appointments and/or provide reminder follow-up calls. Agents can answer your line to schedule your seminar, class, conference, or event.

    These packages can be purchased by contact us through our website or calling 702.943.0315

    State of Minnesota

    Minnesota is a U.S. state located in the Midwestern United States. Minnesota was carved out of the eastern half of the Minnesota Territory and admitted to the Union as the 32nd state on May 11, 1858. Known as the “Land of 10,000 Lakes”, the state’s name comes from a Dakota word for “sky-tinted water”. Those waters, together with forests, parks, and wilderness areas, offer residents and tourists a variety of outdoor recreational opportunities.
    Minnesota is the 12th most extensive and the 21st most populous of the U.S. states. Nearly 60% of its residents live in the Minneapolis-Saint Paul metropolitan area (known as the “Twin Cities”), the center of transportation, business, industry, education, government and home to an internationally known arts community. The remainder of the state consists of western prairies now given over to intensive agriculture; deciduous forests in the southeast, now cleared, farmed and settled; and the less populated North Woods, used for mining, forestry, and recreation.
    Minnesota is known for its relatively mixed social and political orientations, and has a high rate of civic participation and voter turnout. Minnesota ranks among the healthiest states, and has a highly literate population. The large majority of residents are of Scandinavian and German descent. The state is known as a center of Scandinavian American culture. Ethnic diversity has increased in recent decades. Substantial influxes of Asian, African, and Latin American immigrants have joined the descendants of European settlers and the original Native American inhabitants.

    Etymology

    The word Minnesota comes from the Dakota name for the Minnesota River: Mnisota. The root mni (also spelled mini or minne) means, “water”. Mnisota can be translated as sky-tinted water or somewhat clouded water. Native Americans demonstrated the name to early settlers by dropping milk into water and calling it mnisota. Many locations in the state have similar names, such as Minnehaha Falls (“waterfall”), Minneiska (“white water”), Minneota (“much water”), Minnetonka (“big water”), Minnetrista (“crooked water”), and Minneapolis, which is a combination of mni and polis, the Greek word for “city”.

    Geography

    Minnesota is the northernmost U.S. state apart from Alaska; its isolated Northwest Angle in Lake of the Woods is the only part of the 48 contiguous states lying north of the 49th Parallel. The state is part of the U.S. region known as the Upper Midwest and part of the Great Lakes Region of North America. The state shares a Lake Superior water border with Michigan and a land and water border with Wisconsin to the east. Iowa is to the south, North Dakota and South Dakota to the west, and the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Manitoba to the north. With 86,943 square miles (225,180 km2), or approximately 2.25% of the United States, Minnesota is the twelfth-largest state.

    Geology and terrain

    Minnesota contains some of the oldest rocks found on earth, gneisses some 3.6 billion years old, or 80% as old as the planet. About 2.7 billion years ago, basaltic lava poured out of cracks in the floor of the primordial ocean; the remains of this volcanic rock formed the Canadian Shield in northeast Minnesota. The roots of these volcanic mountains and the action of Precambrian seas formed the Iron Range of northern Minnesota. Following a period of volcanism 1.1 billion years ago, Minnesota’s geological activity has been more subdued, with no volcanism or mountain formation, but with repeated incursions of the sea, which left behind multiple strata of sedimentary rock.
    In more recent times, massive ice sheets at least one kilometer thick ravaged the landscape of the state and sculpted its current terrain. The Wisconsin glaciation left 12,000 years ago. These glaciers covered all of Minnesota except the far southeast, an area characterized by steep hills and streams that cut into the bedrock. This area is known as the Driftless Zone for its absence of glacial drift. Much of the remainder of the state outside of the northeast has 50 feet (15 m) or more of glacial till left behind as the last glaciers retreated. Gigantic Lake Agassiz formed in the northwest 13,000 years ago. Its bed created the fertile Red River valley, and its outflow, glacial River Warren, carved the valley of the Minnesota River. Minnesota is geologically quiet today; it experiences earthquakes infrequently, and most of them are minor.
    The state’s high point is Eagle Mountain at 2,301 feet (701 m), which is only 13 miles (21 km) away from the low of 601 feet (183 m) at the shore of Lake Superior. Notwithstanding dramatic local differences in elevation, much of the state is a gently rolling peneplain.
    Two major drainage divides meet in the northeastern part of Minnesota in rural Hibbing, forming a triple watershed. Precipitation can follow the Mississippi River south to the Gulf of Mexico, the Saint Lawrence Seaway east to the Atlantic Ocean, or the Hudson Bay watershed to the Arctic Ocean.
    The state’s nickname, The Land of 10,000 Lakes, is no exaggeration; there are 11,842 Minnesota lakes over 10 acres (0.040 km2) in size. The Minnesota portion of Lake Superior is the largest at 962,700 acres (3,896 km2) and deepest (at 1,290 ft (390 m)) body of water in the state. Minnesota has 6,564 natural rivers and streams that cumulatively flow for 69,000 miles (111,000 km). The Mississippi River begins its journey from its headwaters at Lake Itasca and crosses the Iowa border 680 miles (1,090 km) downstream. It is joined by the Minnesota River at Fort Snelling, by the St. Croix River near Hastings, by the Chippewa River at Wabasha, and by many smaller streams. The Red River, in the bed of glacial Lake Agassiz, drains the northwest part of the state northward toward Canada’s Hudson Bay. Approximately 10.6 million acres (42,900 km2) of wetlands are contained within Minnesota’s borders, the most of any state except Alaska.

    Flora and fauna

    Minnesota has four ecological provinces: Prairie Parkland in the southwestern and western parts of the state, the Eastern Broadleaf Forest (Big Woods) in the southeast, extending in a narrowing strip to the northwestern part of the state, where it transitions into Tallgrass Aspen Parkland, and the northern Laurentian Mixed Forest, a transitional forest between the northern boreal forest and broadleaf forests to the south. These northern forests are a vast wilderness of pine and spruce trees mixed with patchy stands of birch and poplar.
    Much of Minnesota’s northern forest underwent logging at some time, leaving only a few patches of old growth forest today in areas such as in the Chippewa National Forest and the Superior National Forest where the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness has some 400,000 acres (161,874 ha) of unlogged land. Although logging continues, regrowth keeps about one third of the state forested. Nearly all of Minnesota’s prairies and oak savannas have been destroyed or fragmented because of farming, grazing, logging, and suburban development.
    While loss of habitat has affected native animals such as the pine marten, elk, woodland caribou, and bison, others like whitetail deer and bobcat thrive. The state has the nation’s largest population of timber wolves outside Alaska, and supports healthy populations of black bear and moose. Located on the Mississippi Flyway, Minnesota hosts migratory waterfowl such as geese and ducks, and game birds such as grouse, pheasants, and turkeys. It is home to birds of prey including the largest number of breeding pairs of bald eagles in the lower 48 states as of 2007, red-tailed hawk, and snowy owl. The lakes teem with sport fish such as walleye, bass, muskellunge, and northern pike, and streams in the southeast are populated by brook, brown, and rainbow trout.

    Climate

    Minnesota endures temperature extremes characteristic of its continental climate; with cold winters and hot summers. The record high and low span is 174 degrees Fahrenheit (96°C) (from -60 °F (-51 °C) at Tower on February 2, 1996 to 114 °F (46 °C) at Moorhead on July 6, 1936). Meteorological events include rain, snow, blizzards, thunderstorms, hail, derechos, tornadoes, and high-velocity straight-line winds. The growing season varies from 90 days per year in the Iron Range to 160 days in southeast Minnesota near the Mississippi River, and mean average temperatures range from 37 to 49 °F (3 to 9 °C). Average summer dew points range from about 58 °F (14 °C) in the south to about 48 °F (9 °C) in the north. Depending on location, average annual precipitation ranges from 19 to 35 inches (48 to 89 cm), and droughts occur every 10 to 50 years.

    Protected lands

    Minnesota’s first state park, Itasca State Park, was established in 1891, and is the source of the Mississippi River. Today Minnesota has 72 state parks and recreation areas, 58 state forests covering about four million acres (16,000 km2), and numerous state wildlife preserves, all managed by the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. There are 5.5 million acres (22,000 km2) in the Chippewa and Superior National Forests. The Superior National Forest in the northeast contains the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness, which encompasses over a million acres (4,000 km2) and a thousand lakes. To its west is Voyageurs National Park. The Mississippi National River and Recreation Area (MNRRA), is a 72 miles (116 km) long corridor along the Mississippi River through the Minneapolis-St. Paul Metropolitan Area connecting a variety of sites of historic, cultural, and geologic interest.

    History

    Before European settlement of North America, Minnesota was populated by the Dakota people. As Europeans settled the east coast, Native American movement away from them caused migration of the Anishinaabe and other Native Americans into the Minnesota area. The first Europeans in the area were French fur traders who arrived in the 17th century. Late that century, Anishinaabe, also known as Ojibwe Indians migrated westward to Minnesota, causing tensions with the Dakota people. Explorers such as Daniel Greysolon, Sieur du Lhut, Father Louis Hennepin, Jonathan Carver, Henry Schoolcraft, and Joseph Nicollet, among others, mapped out the state.
    The portion of the state east of the Mississippi River became part of the United States at the end of the American Revolutionary War, when the Second Treaty of Paris was signed. Land west of the Mississippi River was acquired with the Louisiana Purchase, although a portion of the Red River Valley was disputed until the Treaty of 1818. In 1805, Zebulon Pike bargained with Native Americans to acquire land at the confluence of the Minnesota and Mississippi rivers. The construction of Fort Snelling followed between 1819 and 1825. Its soldiers built a grist mill and a sawmill at Saint Anthony Falls, the first of the water-powered industries around which the city of Minneapolis later grew. Meanwhile, squatters, government officials, and tourists had settled near the fort. In 1839, the Army forced them to move downriver and they settled in the area that became St. Paul. Minnesota Territory was formed on March 3, 1849. Thousands of people had come to build farms and cut timber, and Minnesota became the 32nd U.S. state on May 11, 1858.
    Treaties between European settlers and the Dakota and Ojibwe gradually forced the natives off their lands and on to smaller reservations. As conditions deteriorated for the Dakota, tensions rose, leading to the Dakota War of 1862. The result of the six-week war was the execution of 38 Dakota – the largest mass execution in United States history – and the exile of most of the rest of the Dakota to the Crow Creek Reservation in Dakota Territory. As many as 800 white settlers died during the war.
    Logging and farming were mainstays of Minnesota’s early economy. The sawmills at Saint Anthony Falls, and logging centers like Marine on St. Croix, Stillwater, and Winona, processed high volumes of lumber. These cities were situated on rivers that were ideal for transportation. Later, Saint Anthony Falls was tapped to provide power for flour mills. Innovations by Minneapolis millers led to the production of Minnesota “patent” flour, which commanded almost double the price of “bakers” or “clear” flour, which it replaced. By 1900, Minnesota mills, led by Pillsbury, Northwestern and the Washburn-Crosby Company (a forerunner of General Mills), were grinding 14.1% of the nation’s grain.
    The state’s iron-mining industry was established with the discovery of iron in the Vermilion Range and the Mesabi Range in the 1880s, and in the Cuyuna Range in the early 20th century. The ore was shipped by rail to Duluth and Two Harbors, then loaded onto ships and transported eastward over the Great Lakes.
    Industrial development and the rise of manufacturing caused the population to shift gradually from rural areas to cities during the early 20th century. Nevertheless, farming remained prevalent. Minnesota’s economy was hard-hit by the Great Depression, resulting in lower prices for farmers, layoffs among iron miners, and labor unrest. Compounding the adversity, western Minnesota and the Dakotas were hit by drought from 1931 to 1935. New Deal programs provided some economic turnaround. The Civilian Conservation Corps and other programs around the state established some jobs for Indians on their reservations, and the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 provided the tribes with a mechanism of self-government. This provided natives a greater voice within the state, and promoted more respect for tribal customs because religious ceremonies and native languages were no longer suppressed.
    After World War II, industrial development quickened. New technology increased farm productivity through automation of feedlots for hogs and cattle, machine milking at dairy farms, and raising chickens in large buildings. Planting became more specialized with hybridization of corn and wheat, and the use of farm machinery such as tractors and combines became the norm. University of Minnesota professor Norman Borlaug contributed to these developments as part of the Green Revolution. Suburban development accelerated due to increased postwar housing demand and convenient transportation. Increased mobility, in turn, enabled more specialized jobs.
    Minnesota became a center of technology after World War II. Engineering Research Associates was formed in 1946 to develop computers for the United States Navy. It later merged with Remington Rand, and then became Sperry Rand. William Norris left Sperry in 1957 to form Control Data Corporation (CDC). Cray Research was formed when Seymour Cray left CDC to form his own company. Medical device maker Medtronic also started business in the Twin Cities in 1949.

    Cities and towns

    Saint Paul, located in east-central Minnesota along the banks of the Mississippi River, has been Minnesota’s capital city since 1849, first as capital of the Territory of Minnesota, and then as state capital since 1858.
    Saint Paul is adjacent to Minnesota’s most populous city, Minneapolis; they and their suburbs are known collectively as the Twin Cities metropolitan area, the sixteenth largest metropolitan area in the United States and home to about 60% of the state’s population. The remainder of the state is known as “Greater Minnesota” or “Outstate Minnesota”.
    The state has seventeen cities with populations above 50,000 (based on 2010 census). In descending order of size they are Minneapolis, Saint Paul, Rochester, Duluth, Bloomington, Brooklyn Park, Plymouth, Saint Cloud, Eagan, Woodbury, Maple Grove, Coon Rapids, Eden Prairie, Minnetonka, Burnsville, Apple Valley, Blaine and Lakeville. Of these only Rochester, Duluth, and Saint Cloud are outside the Twin Cities metropolitan area.
    Minnesota’s population continues to grow, primarily in the urban centers. The populations of metropolitan Sherburne and Scott Counties doubled between 1980 and 2000, while 40 of the state’s 87 counties lost residents over the same decades.

    Population

    From fewer than 6,100 people in 1850, Minnesota’s population grew to over 1.7 million by 1900. Each of the next six decades saw a 15% increase in population, reaching 3.4 million in 1960. Growth then slowed, rising 11% to 3.8 million in 1970, and an average of 9% over the next three decades to 4.9 million in the 2000 Census. The United States Census Bureau estimates that the population of Minnesota was 5,379,139 on July 1, 2012, a 1.4% increase since the 2010 United States Census. The rate of population change along with age and gender distributions approximate the national average. The center of population of Minnesota is located in Hennepin County, in the city of Rogers.

    Economy

    Once primarily a producer of raw materials, Minnesota’s economy has transformed to emphasize finished products and services. Perhaps the most significant characteristic of the economy is its diversity; the relative outputs of its business sectors closely match the United States as a whole. The economy of Minnesota had a gross domestic product of $262 billion in 2008. In 2008, thirty-three of the United States’ top 1,000 publicly traded companies (by revenue ) were headquartered in Minnesota, including Target, UnitedHealth Group, 3M, Medtronic, General Mills, U.S. Bancorp, Ameriprise, Hormel, Land O’ Lakes, SuperValu, Best Buy and Valspar. Private companies based in Minnesota include Cargill, the largest privately owned company in the United States, and Carlson Companies, the parent company of Radisson Hotels.
    The per capita personal income in 2008 was $42,772, the tenth-highest in the nation. The three-year median household income from 2002 to 2004 was $55,914, ranking fifth in the U.S. and first among the 36 states not on the Atlantic coast.
    As of January 2013, the state’s unemployment rate is 5.5%.

    Industry and commerce

    Minnesota’s earliest industries were fur trading and agriculture; the city of Minneapolis grew around the flour mills powered by St. Anthony Falls. Although less than 1% of the population is employed in the agricultural sector, it remains a major part of the state’s economy, ranking 6th in the nation in the value of products sold. The state is the U.S.’s largest producer of sugar beets, sweet corn, and green peas for processing, and farm-raised turkeys. Minnesota has the most food cooperatives per capita in America. Forestry remains strong, including logging, pulpwood processing and paper production, and forest products manufacturing. Minnesota was famous for its soft-ore mines, which produced a significant portion of the world’s iron ore for over a century. Although the high-grade ore is now depleted, taconite mining continues, using processes developed locally to save the industry. In 2004, the state produced 75% of the country’s usable iron ore. The mining boom created the port of Duluth which continues to be important for shipping ore, coal, and agricultural products. The manufacturing sector now includes technology and biomedical firms in addition to the older food processors and heavy industry. The nation’s first indoor shopping mall was Edina’s Southdale Center and its largest is Bloomington’s Mall of America.
    Minnesota is one of 42 U.S. states with its own lottery; its games include Powerball, Hot Lotto (both multi-state), and Gopher 5.

    Energy use and production

    The state produces ethanol fuel and is the first to mandate its use, a 10% mix (E10). In 2005 there were more than 310 service stations supplying E85 fuel, comprising 85& ethanol and 15% gasoline. A 2% biodiesel blend has been required in diesel fuel since 2005. As of December 2006 the state was the country’s fourth-largest producer of wind power, with 895 megawatts installed and another 200 megawatts planned, much of it on the windy Buffalo Ridge in the southwest part of the state.

    State taxes

    Minnesota has a progressive income tax structure; the three brackets of state income tax rates are 5.35%, 7.05% and 7.85%. As of 2008, Minnesota was ranked as 12th in the nation for per capita total state and local taxes. In 2008, Minnesotans paid 10.2% of their income in state and local taxes, compared to the US average of 9.7% of income. This ranks Minnesota 12th among the states for total state and local tax burden. The state sales tax in Minnesota is 6.875%, but there is no sales tax on clothing, prescription drug medications, some services, or food items for home consumption. The state legislature may allow municipalities to institute local sales taxes and special local taxes, such as the 0.5% supplemental sales tax in Minneapolis. Excise taxes are levied on alcohol, tobacco, and motor fuel. The state imposes a use tax on items purchased elsewhere but used within Minnesota. Owners of real property in Minnesota pay property tax to their county, municipality, school district, and special taxing districts.