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Phone Answering Service in New Jersey

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    • 1 to 3 days

      Newark

      24/7 Voicemail Reception

      9 – 5 Live Answering

      24/7 Custom Solutions

      Starts at $20/month

  • NEWARK

  • ABSECON

  • ADELPHIA

  • ALLAMUCHY

  • ALLENDALE

  • ALLENHURST

  • ALLENTOWN

  • ALLENWOOD

  • ALLOWAY

  • ALPINE

  • ANDOVER

  • ANNANDALE

  • ASBURY

  • ASBURY PARK

  • ATCO

  • ATLANTIC CITY

  • ATLANTIC HIGHLANDS

  • AUDUBON

  • AUGUSTA

  • AVALON

  • AVENEL

  • AVON BY THE SEA

  • BAPTISTOWN

  • BARNEGAT

  • BARNEGAT LIGHT

  • BARRINGTON

  • BASKING RIDGE

  • BAYONNE

  • BAYVILLE

  • BEACH HAVEN

  • BEACHWOOD

  • BEDMINSTER

  • BELFORD

  • BELLE MEAD

  • BELLEVILLE

  • BELLMAWR

  • BELMAR

  • BELVIDERE

  • BERGENFIELD

  • BERKELEY HEIGHTS

  • BERLIN

  • BERNARDSVILLE

  • BEVERLY

  • BIRMINGHAM

  • BLACKWOOD

  • BLAIRSTOWN

  • BLAWENBURG

  • BLOOMFIELD

  • BLOOMINGDALE

  • BLOOMSBURY

  • BOGOTA

  • BOONTON

  • BORDENTOWN

  • BOUND BROOK

  • BRADLEY BEACH

  • BRANCHVILLE

  • BRICK

  • BRIDGEPORT

  • BRIDGETON

  • BRIDGEWATER

  • BRIELLE

  • BRIGANTINE

  • BROADWAY

  • BROOKSIDE

  • BROWNS MILLS

  • BUDD LAKE

  • BUENA

  • BURLINGTON

  • BUTLER

  • BUTTZVILLE

  • CALDWELL

  • CALIFON

  • CAMDEN

  • CAPE MAY

  • CAPE MAY COURT HOUSE

  • CAPE MAY POINT

  • CARLSTADT

  • CARTERET

  • CEDAR BROOK

  • CEDAR GROVE

  • CEDAR KNOLLS

  • CEDARVILLE

  • CHANGEWATER

  • CHATHAM

  • CHATSWORTH

  • CHERRY HILL

  • CHESTER

  • CHESTERFIELD

  • CLARK

  • CLARKSBORO

  • CLAYTON

  • CLEMENTON

  • CLIFFSIDE PARK

  • CLIFFWOOD

  • CLIFTON

  • CLINTON

  • CLOSTER

  • COLLINGSWOOD

  • COLOGNE

  • COLONIA

  • COLTS NECK

  • COLUMBIA

  • COLUMBUS

  • CONVENT STATION

  • COOKSTOWN

  • CRANBURY

  • CRANFORD

  • CREAM RIDGE

  • CRESSKILL

  • DAYTON

  • DEAL

  • DEEPWATER

  • DEERFIELD STREET

  • DELAWARE

  • DELMONT

  • DEMAREST

  • DENNISVILLE

  • DENVILLE

  • DIVIDING CREEK

  • DORCHESTER

  • DOROTHY

  • DOVER

  • DUMONT

  • DUNELLEN

  • EAST BRUNSWICK

  • EAST HANOVER

  • EAST ORANGE

  • EAST RUTHERFORD

  • EATONTOWN

  • EDGEWATER

  • EDISON

  • EGG HARBOR CITY

  • EGG HARBOR TOWNSHIP

  • ELIZABETH

  • ELIZABETHPORT

  • ELMER

  • ELMWOOD PARK

  • ELWOOD

  • EMERSON

  • ENGLEWOOD

  • ENGLEWOOD CLIFFS

  • ENGLISHTOWN

  • ESSEX FELLS

  • ESTELL MANOR

  • EWAN

  • FAIR HAVEN

  • FAIR LAWN

  • FAIRFIELD

  • FAIRTON

  • FAIRVIEW

  • FANWOOD

  • FAR HILLS

  • FARMINGDALE

  • FLAGTOWN

  • FLANDERS

  • FLEMINGTON

  • FLORENCE

  • FLORHAM PARK

  • FORDS

  • FORKED RIVER

  • FORT DIX

  • FORT LEE

  • FORT MONMOUTH

  • FORTESCUE

  • FRANKLIN

  • FRANKLIN LAKES

  • FRANKLIN PARK

  • FRANKLINVILLE

  • FREEHOLD

  • FRENCHTOWN

  • GARFIELD

  • GARWOOD

  • GIBBSBORO

  • GIBBSTOWN

  • GILLETTE

  • GLADSTONE

  • GLASSBORO

  • GLASSER

  • GLEN GARDNER

  • GLEN RIDGE

  • GLEN ROCK

  • GLENDORA

  • GLENWOOD

  • GLOUCESTER CITY

  • GOSHEN

  • GREAT MEADOWS

  • GREEN CREEK

  • GREEN VILLAGE

  • GREENDELL

  • GREENWICH

  • GRENLOCH

  • HACKENSACK

  • HACKETTSTOWN

  • HADDON HEIGHTS

  • HADDONFIELD

  • HAINESPORT

  • HALEDON

  • HAMBURG

  • HAMMONTON

  • HAMPTON

  • HANCOCKS BRIDGE

  • HARRINGTON PARK

  • HARRISON

  • HARRISONVILLE

  • HASBROUCK HEIGHTS

  • HASKELL

  • HAWORTH

  • HAWTHORNE

  • HAZLET

  • HEISLERVILLE

  • HELMETTA

  • HEWITT

  • HIBERNIA

  • HIGH BRIDGE

  • HIGHLAND LAKES

  • HIGHLAND PARK

  • HIGHLANDS

  • HIGHTSTOWN

  • HILLSBOROUGH

  • HILLSDALE

  • HILLSIDE

  • HO HO KUS

  • HOBOKEN

  • HOLMDEL

  • HOPATCONG

  • HOPE

  • HOPEWELL

  • HOWELL

  • IMLAYSTOWN

  • IRONIA

  • IRVINGTON

  • ISELIN

  • ISLAND HEIGHTS

  • JACKSON

  • JERSEY CITY

  • JOBSTOWN

  • JOHNSONBURG

  • JULIUSTOWN

  • KEANSBURG

  • KEARNY

  • KEASBEY

  • KENDALL PARK

  • KENILWORTH

  • KENVIL

  • KEYPORT

  • KINGSTON

  • LAFAYETTE

  • LAKE HIAWATHA

  • LAKE HOPATCONG

  • LAKEHURST

  • LAKEWOOD

  • LAMBERTVILLE

  • LANDING

  • LANDISVILLE

  • LANOKA HARBOR

  • LAVALLETTE

  • LAWNSIDE

  • LAWRENCE TOWNSHIP

  • LAYTON

  • LEBANON

  • LEDGEWOOD

  • LEEDS POINT

  • LEESBURG

  • LEONARDO

  • LEONIA

  • LIBERTY CORNER

  • LINCOLN PARK

  • LINCROFT

  • LINDEN

  • LINWOOD

  • LITTLE FALLS

  • LITTLE FERRY

  • LITTLE SILVER

  • LITTLE YORK

  • LIVINGSTON

  • LODI

  • LONG BRANCH

  • LONG VALLEY

  • LONGPORT

  • LUMBERTON

  • LYNDHURST

  • LYONS

  • MADISON

  • MAGNOLIA

  • MAHWAH

  • MALAGA

  • MANAHAWKIN

  • MANASQUAN

  • MANCHESTER TOWNSHIP

  • MANTOLOKING

  • MANTUA

  • MANVILLE

  • MAPLE SHADE

  • MAPLEWOOD

  • MARGATE CITY

  • MARLBORO

  • MARLTON

  • MARMORA

  • MARTINSVILLE

  • MATAWAN

  • MAURICETOWN

  • MAYS LANDING

  • MAYWOOD

  • MC AFEE

  • MEDFORD

  • MENDHAM

  • MERCHANTVILLE

  • METUCHEN

  • MICKLETON

  • MIDDLESEX

  • MIDDLETOWN

  • MIDDLEVILLE

  • MIDLAND PARK

  • MILFORD

  • MILLBURN

  • MILLINGTON

  • MILLSTONE TOWNSHIP

  • MILLTOWN

  • MILLVILLE

  • MILMAY

  • MINE HILL

  • MINOTOLA

  • MIZPAH

  • MONMOUTH BEACH

  • MONMOUTH JUNCTION

  • MONROE TOWNSHIP

  • MONROEVILLE

  • MONTAGUE

  • MONTCLAIR

  • MONTVALE

  • MONTVILLE

  • MOONACHIE

  • MOORESTOWN

  • MORGANVILLE

  • MORRIS PLAINS

  • MORRISTOWN

  • MOUNT ARLINGTON

  • MOUNT EPHRAIM

  • MOUNT FREEDOM

  • MOUNT HOLLY

  • MOUNT LAUREL

  • MOUNT ROYAL

  • MOUNT TABOR

  • MOUNTAIN LAKES

  • MOUNTAINSIDE

  • MULLICA HILL

  • NATIONAL PARK

  • NAVESINK

  • NEPTUNE

  • NESHANIC STATION

  • NETCONG

  • NEW BRUNSWICK

  • NEW EGYPT

  • NEW GRETNA

  • NEW LISBON

  • NEW MILFORD

  • NEW PROVIDENCE

  • NEW VERNON

  • NEWFIELD

  • NEWFOUNDLAND

  • NEWPORT

  • NEWTON

  • NEWTONVILLE

  • NORMA

  • NORMANDY BEACH

  • NORTH ARLINGTON

  • NORTH BERGEN

  • NORTH BRUNSWICK

  • NORTHFIELD

  • NORTHVALE

  • NORWOOD

  • NUTLEY

  • OAK RIDGE

  • OAKHURST

  • OAKLAND

  • OAKLYN

  • OCEAN CITY

  • OCEAN GATE

  • OCEAN GROVE

  • OCEAN VIEW

  • OCEANPORT

  • OCEANVILLE

  • OGDENSBURG

  • OLD BRIDGE

  • OLDWICK

  • ORADELL

  • ORANGE

  • OXFORD

  • PALISADES PARK

  • PALMYRA

  • PARAMUS

  • PARK RIDGE

  • PARLIN

  • PARSIPPANY

  • PASSAIC

  • PATERSON

  • PAULSBORO

  • PEAPACK

  • PEDRICKTOWN

  • PEMBERTON

  • PENNINGTON

  • PENNS GROVE

  • PENNSAUKEN

  • PENNSVILLE

  • PEQUANNOCK

  • PERTH AMBOY

  • PHILLIPSBURG

  • PICATINNY ARSENAL

  • PINE BEACH

  • PINE BROOK

  • PISCATAWAY

  • PITMAN

  • PITTSTOWN

  • PLAINFIELD

  • PLAINSBORO

  • PLEASANTVILLE

  • PLUCKEMIN

  • POINT PLEASANT BEACH

  • POMONA

  • POMPTON LAKES

  • POMPTON PLAINS

  • PORT ELIZABETH

  • PORT MONMOUTH

  • PORT MURRAY

  • PORT NORRIS

  • PORT READING

  • PORT REPUBLIC

  • POTTERSVILLE

  • PRINCETON

  • PRINCETON JUNCTION

  • QUAKERTOWN

  • QUINTON

  • RAHWAY

  • RAMSEY

  • RANCOCAS

  • RANDOLPH

  • RARITAN

  • READINGTON

  • RED BANK

  • RICHLAND

  • RICHWOOD

  • RIDGEFIELD

  • RIDGEFIELD PARK

  • RIDGEWOOD

  • RINGOES

  • RINGWOOD

  • RIO GRANDE

  • RIVER EDGE

  • RIVERDALE

  • RIVERSIDE

  • RIVERTON

  • ROCHELLE PARK

  • ROCKAWAY

  • ROCKY HILL

  • ROEBLING

  • ROOSEVELT

  • ROSELAND

  • ROSELLE

  • ROSELLE PARK

  • ROSEMONT

  • ROSENHAYN

  • RUMSON

  • RUNNEMEDE

  • RUTHERFORD

  • SADDLE BROOK

  • SADDLE RIVER

  • SALEM

  • SAYREVILLE

  • SCHOOLEYS MOUNTAIN

  • SCOTCH PLAINS

  • SEA GIRT

  • SEA ISLE CITY

  • SEASIDE HEIGHTS

  • SEASIDE PARK

  • SECAUCUS

  • SERGEANTSVILLE

  • SEWAREN

  • SEWELL

  • SHILOH

  • SHORT HILLS

  • SHREWSBURY

  • SICKLERVILLE

  • SKILLMAN

  • SOMERDALE

  • SOMERS POINT

  • SOMERSET

  • SOMERVILLE

  • SOUTH AMBOY

  • SOUTH BOUND BROOK

  • SOUTH DENNIS

  • SOUTH HACKENSACK

  • SOUTH ORANGE

  • SOUTH PLAINFIELD

  • SOUTH RIVER

  • SOUTH SEAVILLE

  • SPARTA

  • SPOTSWOOD

  • SPRING LAKE

  • SPRINGFIELD

  • STANHOPE

  • STANTON

  • STEWARTSVILLE

  • STILLWATER

  • STIRLING

  • STOCKHOLM

  • STOCKTON

  • STONE HARBOR

  • STRATFORD

  • STRATHMERE

  • SUCCASUNNA

  • SUMMIT

  • SUSSEX

  • SWARTSWOOD

  • SWEDESBORO

  • TEANECK

  • TENAFLY

  • TENNENT

  • TETERBORO

  • THOROFARE

  • THREE BRIDGES

  • TITUSVILLE

  • TOMS RIVER

  • TOTOWA

  • TOWACO

  • TOWNSHIP OF WASHINGTON

  • TRANQUILITY

  • TRENTON

  • TUCKAHOE

  • TUCKERTON

  • UNION

  • UNION CITY

  • VAUXHALL

  • VENTNOR CITY

  • VERNON

  • VERONA

  • VIENNA

  • VILLAS

  • VINCENTOWN

  • VINELAND

  • VOORHEES

  • WALDWICK

  • WALLINGTON

  • WALLPACK CENTER

  • WANAQUE

  • WARETOWN

  • WARREN

  • WASHINGTON

  • WATCHUNG

  • WATERFORD WORKS

  • WAYNE

  • WEEHAWKEN

  • WENONAH

  • WEST BERLIN

  • WEST CREEK

  • WEST DEPTFORD

  • WEST LONG BRANCH

  • WEST MILFORD

  • WEST NEW YORK

  • WEST ORANGE

  • WESTFIELD

  • WESTVILLE

  • WESTWOOD

  • WHARTON

  • WHIPPANY

  • WHITEHOUSE

  • WHITEHOUSE STATION

  • WHITESBORO

  • WICKATUNK

  • WILDWOOD

  • WILLIAMSTOWN

  • WILLINGBORO

  • WINDSOR

  • WINSLOW

  • WOOD RIDGE

  • WOODBINE

  • WOODBRIDGE

  • WOODBURY HEIGHTS

  • WOODCLIFF LAKE

  • WOODSTOWN

  • WRIGHTSTOWN

  • WYCKOFF

  • ZAREPHATH
  • Does Phone Answering USA provide Automated Reception Services in New Jersey?

    Phone Answering USA provides Automated Reception Services in New Jersey. This package is simple and cost effective. This package includes a local phone number, unlimited calls, unlimited local & long distance minutes (in the continental US), unlimited call forwarding and up to 7 extensions.

    This package can be purchased on our website or by calling 702.943.0315

    Does Phone Answering USA provide Live 9am to 5pm Live Answering in New Jersey?

    Phone Answering USA provides a Pay Per Call Live 9-5 Answering Service in New Jersey. These call packages are designed for the company that does not need 24/7 phone answering and wishes to pay per call not per minute. It is a simple way to understand what your monthly cost will be month in and month out.

    Live 9am – 5pm Standard and Premium Package Differentiated:

    Standard Live Answering

    Calls personally answered/ Live Message Receiving/ forwarding call to voice mail, Monday – Friday, 9am – 5pm local time (except holidays). $1 per call over allotted package.

    Premium Live Answering

    Calls personally answered/ screened/ forwarded per your instruction, allowing you to decide whether to accept the call, Monday – Friday, 9am – 5pm local time (except holidays). $1 per call over allotted package.

    Find-Me / Follow-Me: Live efforts to forward your calls, allowing you to not miss that important call.

    Both Standard and Premium packages provide:

    • Off-hour automated reception with up to 7 extensions – Auto-attendant answering of calls in your company’s name with up to 3 dialing options for callers external client number(s). Unlimited Long Distance Continental U.S.
    • Custom greeting for Off-hours – Your company branding when your line is answered.
    • Flat Rate Monthly Call Bundles – You choose the amount of bundled calls monthly for your services and receive one-set price.
    • Local Number – Local Number that is uniquely yours while employing our services.
    • Voice-mail Message to Email – Receive Voice-mails to email and hear it as a .wav file, saving long-distance charges in lieu of calling in to check your messages.
    • Music on Hold – Callers hear music when on hold or while waiting to connect.
    • Text Message Notification to Cell Phone – Receive your messages taken live by receptionist and sent by text to your mobile phone.
    • Call Time Scheduler – Calls can be routed a certain way during business hours (9-5) and a different way after-hours.

    This Package can be purchased on our website or by calling 702.943.0315

    Does Phone Answering USA provide 24/7 Phone Answering services in New Jersey?

    Phone Answering USA provides a suite of Phone Answering 24/7 Services in New Jersey. All the service packages are custom to fit any companies’ needs.

    Categories:

    • Answering Services
    • Live Receptionist
    • Order Entry
    • Scheduling
    • Call Center
    • Help Desk

    24/7 Service Defined:

    • Absentee Reporting – Agents can answer your employee reporting line and document employee absences at a minimal cost of hiring full or part-time staff.
    • Ad Response – Agents can service and manage the responses to targeted advertising campaigns, website advertising, newspapers, radio, and direct mailings.
    • Answering Service – Experienced agents can answer your line 24/7; collect the information you require; and promptly forward it to you.
    • Directory Service – Provide your callers with the nearest location of your store, service center, or dealer.
    • Disaster Recovery Back-up – Prevent your phones from being unanswered during crisis by utilizing our answering service.
    • E-Mail Read & Response – Agents ca read and respond to your e-mail in a prompt and professional manner using your templates or scripted guidance.
    • Help Desk – Utilizing the information you provide, agents will answer your line and help the caller get the right information for their questions or concerns.
    • Insurance – Professional Agents will answer your line and collect the claims information you require.
    • Marketing Collateral Request Service – Professional agents will answer your line and record the name and address of the caller requesting your catalog, literature, or other information.
    • Medical Answering – Courteous Agents will provide answering for doctors, clinics, and hospitals. HIPAA compliant.
    • Order Entry – Professional agents can take orders for your products and services.
    • Overflow – Outsource your office phones to relieve overburdening your in-house resources.
    • Property Management Services – Agents can handle property inquiries and maintenance dispatching 24/7.
    • Scheduling – Agents will answer your line and schedule appointments and/or provide reminder follow-up calls. Agents can answer your line to schedule your seminar, class, conference, or event.

    These packages can be purchased by contact us through our website or calling 702.943.0315

    State of New Jersey

    New Jersey is a state in the Northeastern and Middle Atlantic regions of the United States. It is bordered on the north and east by the U.S. state of New York, on the southeast and south by the Atlantic Ocean, on the west by Pennsylvania, and on the southwest by Delaware. New Jersey is the fourth-least extensive, but the 11th-most populous and the most densely populated of the 50 United States. New Jersey lies mostly within the sprawling metropolitan areas of New York City and Philadelphia. It is also the third-wealthiest U.S. state by 2011 median household income.
    The area was inhabited by Native Americans for more than 2,800 years, with historical tribes such as the Lenape along the coast. In the early 17th century, the Dutch and the Swedes made the first European settlements. The British later seized control of the region, naming it the Province of New Jersey. It was granted as a colony to Sir George Carteret and John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton. At this time, it was named after the largest of the British Channel Islands, Jersey, Carteret’s birthplace. New Jersey was the site of several decisive battles during the American Revolutionary War.
    In the 19th century, factories in cities such as Paterson, Newark, Trenton, and Elizabeth helped to drive the Industrial Revolution. New Jersey’s position at the center of the Northeast megalopolis, between Boston and New York City to the northeast, and Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Washington, D.C., to the southwest, fueled its rapid growth through the process of suburbanization in the 1950s and beyond.

    Geography

    New Jersey is bordered on the north and northeast by New York (parts of which are across the Hudson River, Upper New York Bay, the Kill Van Kull, Newark Bay, and the Arthur Kill); on the east by the Atlantic Ocean; on the southwest by Delaware across Delaware Bay; and on the west by Pennsylvania across the Delaware River.
    New Jersey can be thought of as five regions, based on natural geography and population. Northeastern New Jersey, the Gateway Region, lies within the New York City Metropolitan Area, and some residents commute into the city to work. Northwestern New Jersey, or the “Skylands”, is, compared to the northeast, more wooded, rural, and mountainous. The “Shore”, along the Atlantic Coast in the central-east and southeast, has its own natural, residential, and lifestyle characteristics owing to its location by the ocean. The Delaware Valley includes the southwestern counties of the state, which reside within the Philadelphia Metropolitan Area. The fifth region is the Pine Barrens in the interior of the southern part. Covered rather extensively by mixed pine and oak forest, it has a much lower population density than much of the rest of the state.
    New Jersey also can be broadly divided into three geographic regions: North Jersey, Central Jersey, and South Jersey. Some New Jersey residents do not consider Central Jersey a region in its own right, but others believe it is a separate geographic and cultural area from the North and South.
    The federal Office of Management and Budget divides New Jersey’s counties into seven Metropolitan Statistical Areas, including sixteen counties in the New York City or Philadelphia metro areas. Four counties have independent metro areas, and Warren County is part of the Pennsylvania-based Lehigh Valley metro area. (See Metropolitan Statistical Areas of New Jersey for details.)
    It is also at the center of the Northeast megalopolis.

    Climate

    As with many other geographic features, New Jersey’s climate divides into regions. The south, central, and northeast parts of the state have a humid mesothermal climate, while the northwest has a humid continental climate (microthermal), with slightly cooler temperatures due to higher elevation. New Jersey receives between 2,400 and 2,800 hours of sunshine annually.
    Summers are typically hot and humid, with statewide average high temperatures of 82-88 °F (28-31 °C) and lows of 60-70 °F (16-21 °C); however, temperatures exceed 90 °F (32 °C) on average 25 days each summer, though rarely exceed 100 °F (38 °C). Winters are usually cold, with average high temperatures of 38-46 °F (3-8 °C) and lows of 26-32 °F (-3-0 °C) for most of the state, but temperatures could, for brief interludes, be as low as 10-20 °F (-12 – -7 °C) and sometimes rise to 50-60 °F (10-16 °C). Northwestern parts of the state have slightly colder winters with average temperatures just below freezing. Spring and autumn may feature wide temperature variations, with lower humidity than summer.
    Average annual precipitation ranges from 43 to 51 inches (1,100 to 1,300 mm), uniformly spread through the year. Average snowfall per winter season ranges from 10-15 inches (25-38 cm) in the south and near the seacoast, 15-30 inches (38-76 cm) in the northeast and central part of the state, to about 40-50 inches (1.0-1.3 m) in the northwestern highlands, but this varies from year to year. Precipitation falls on an average of 120 days a year, with 25 to 30 thunderstorms, most of which occur during the summer.
    During winter and early spring, New Jersey can experience “nor’easters”, which are capable of causing blizzards or flooding throughout the northeastern United States. Hurricanes and tropical storms (such as Tropical Storm Floyd in 1999), tornadoes, and earthquakes are rare.

    History

    Around 180 million years ago, during the Jurassic Period, New Jersey bordered North Africa. The pressure of the collision between North America and Africa gave rise to the Appalachian Mountains. Around 18,000 years ago, the Ice Age resulted in glaciers that reached New Jersey. As the glaciers retreated, they left behind Lake Passaic, as well as many rivers, swamps, and gorges.
    New Jersey was originally settled by Native Americans, with the Lenni-Lenape being dominant at the time Europeans arrived. The Lenape were loosely organized groups that practiced small-scale agriculture (mainly based on corn) in order to increase their largely mobile hunter-gatherer society in the region surrounding the Delaware River, the lower Hudson River, and western Long Island Sound. The Lenape society was divided into matrilinear clans that were based upon common female ancestors. These clans were organized into three distinct phratries identified by their animal sign: Turtle, Turkey, and Wolf. They first encountered the Dutch in the early 17th century, and their primary relationship with the Europeans was through fur trade.

    Colonial era

    The Dutch became the first Europeans to lay claim to lands in New Jersey. The Dutch colony of New Netherland consisted of parts of modern Middle Atlantic states. Although the European principle of land ownership was not recognized by the Lenape, Dutch West India Company policy required their colonists to purchase land which they settled. The first to do so was Michiel Pauw who established a patronship named Pavonia along the North River which eventually became the Bergen. Peter Minuit’s purchase of lands along the Delaware River establish the colony of New Sweden. The entire region became a territory of England in 1664, when an English fleet under the command of Colonel Richard Nicolls sailed into what is today New York Harbor and took control of Fort Amsterdam, annexing the entire province.
    During the English Civil War the Channel Island of Jersey remained loyal to the Crown and gave sanctuary to the King. It was from the Royal Square in St. Helier that Charles II of England was first proclaimed King in 1649, following the execution of his father, Charles I. The North American lands were divided by Charles II, who gave his brother, the Duke of York (later King James II), the region between New England and Maryland as a proprietary colony (as opposed to a royal colony). James then granted the land between the Hudson River and the Delaware River (the land that would become New Jersey) to two friends who had remained loyal through the English Civil War: Sir George Carteret and Lord Berkeley of Stratton. The area was named the Province of New Jersey.
    Since the state’s inception, New Jersey has been characterized by ethnic and religious diversity. New England Congregationalists settled alongside Scots Presbyterians and Dutch Reformed migrants. While the majority of residents lived in towns with individual landholdings of 100 acres (40 ha), a few rich proprietors owned vast estates. English Quakers and Anglicans owned large landholdings. Unlike Plymouth Colony, Jamestown and other colonies, New Jersey was populated by a secondary wave of immigrants who came from other colonies instead of those who migrated directly from Europe. New Jersey remained agrarian and rural throughout the colonial era, and commercial farming only developed sporadically. Some townships, such as Burlington on the Delaware River and Perth Amboy, emerged as important ports for shipping to New York City and Philadelphia. The colony’s fertile lands and tolerant religious policy drew more settlers, and New Jersey boasted a population of 120,000 by 1775.
    Settlement for the first 10 years of English rule took place along Hackensack River and Arthur Kill – settlers came primarily from New England. Unlike other colonies that were settled by immigrants from Europe, New Jersey was populated by a secondary wave of settlement from communities already established on the North American continent. March 18, 1673, Berkeley sold his half of the colony to Quakers in England, who settled the Delaware Valley region as a Quaker colony. (William Penn acted as trustee for the lands for a time.) New Jersey was governed very briefly as two distinct provinces, East and West Jersey, for 28 years between 1674 and 1702, at times part of the Province of New York or Dominion of New England.
    In 1702, the two provinces were reunited under a royal, rather than a proprietary, governor. Edward Hyde, Lord Cornbury, became the first governor of the colony as a royal colony. Lord Cornbury was an ineffective and corrupt ruler, taking bribes and speculating on land, so in 1708 he was recalled to England. New Jersey was then ruled by the governors of New York, but this infuriated the settlers of New Jersey, who accused those governors of favoritism to New York. Judge Lewis Morris led the case for a separate governor, and was appointed governor by King George II in 1738.

    Revolutionary War era

    New Jersey was one of the Thirteen Colonies that revolted against British rule in the American Revolution. The New Jersey Constitution of 1776 was passed July 2, 1776, just two days before the Second Continental Congress declared American Independence from Great Britain. It was an act of the Provincial Congress, which made itself into the state Legislature. To reassure neutrals, it provided that it would become void if New Jersey reached reconciliation with Great Britain.
    New Jersey representatives Richard Stockton, John Witherspoon, Francis Hopkinson, John Hart, and Abraham Clark were among those who signed the United States Declaration of Independence.
    During the American Revolutionary War, British and American armies crossed New Jersey numerous times, and several pivotal battles took place in the state. Because of this, New Jersey today is often referred to as “The Crossroads of the Revolution.” The winter quarters of the revolutionary army were established there twice by General George Washington in Morristown, which was called the military capital of the revolution.
    On December 25, 1776, the Continental Army under George Washington crossed the Delaware River. After the crossing, he surprised and defeated the unprepared Hessian troops in the Battle of Trenton. Slightly more than a week after victory at Trenton, on January 3, 1777, American forces gained an important victory by stopping General Cornwallis’s charges at the Second Battle of Trenton. By evading Cornwallis’s army, Washington made a surprise attack on Princeton and successfully defeated the British forces there. Emanuel Leutze’s painting of Washington Crossing the Delaware became an icon of the Revolution.
    American forces under Washington met the forces under General Henry Clinton at the Battle of Monmouth in an indecisive engagement in June 1778. Washington attempted to take the British column by surprise; when the British army attempted to flank the Americans, the Americans retreated in disorder. The ranks were later reorganized and withstood the British charges.
    In the summer of 1783, the Continental Congress met in Nassau Hall at Princeton University, making Princeton the nation’s capital for four months. It was there that the Continental Congress learned of the signing of the Treaty of Paris (1783), which ended the war.
    On December 18, 1787, New Jersey became the third state to ratify the United States Constitution, which was overwhelmingly popular in New Jersey, as it prevented New York and Pennsylvania from charging and keeping tariffs on goods imported from Europe. On November 20, 1789, the state became the first in the newly formed Union to ratify the Bill of Rights.
    The 1776 New Jersey State Constitution gave the vote to “all inhabitants” who had a certain level of wealth. This included women and blacks, but not married women, because they could not own property separately from their husbands. Both sides, in several elections, claimed that the other side had had unqualified women vote and mocked them for use of “petticoat electors” (entitled to vote or not); on the other hand, both parties passed Voting Rights Acts. In 1807, the legislature passed a bill interpreting the constitution to mean universal white male suffrage, excluding paupers. (This was less revolutionary than it sounds: the “constitution” was itself only an act of the legislature.)

    19th century

    On February 15, 1804, New Jersey became the last northern state to abolish new slavery and enacted legislation that slowly phased out existing slavery. This led to a gradual scale-down of the slave population. By the close of the Civil War about a dozen African Americans in New Jersey were still apprenticed freedmen. New Jersey voters initially refused to ratify the constitutional amendments banning slavery and granting rights to the United States’ black population.
    In 1844, the second state constitution was ratified and brought into effect. Counties thereby became districts for the State Senate, and some realignment of boundaries (including the creation of Mercer County) immediately followed. This provision was retained in the 1947 Constitution, but was overturned by the Supreme Court of the United States in 1962 by the decision Baker v. Carr. While the Governorship was stronger than under the 1776 constitution, the constitution of 1844 created many offices that were not responsible to him, or to the people, and it gave him a three-year term, but he could not succeed himself.
    Unlike the Revolutionary War, no Civil War battles took place within the state. However, throughout the course of the Civil War, over 80,000 from New Jersey enlisted in the Northern army to defeat the Southern Confederacy.
    New Jersey was one of the few Northern states (the others being Delaware and Kentucky) to select a candidate other than Abraham Lincoln twice in national elections, and sided with Stephen Douglas (1860) and George B. McClellan (1864) during their campaigns. McClellan later became governor (1878-81). During the Civil War, the state was led first by Republican Governor Charles Smith Olden, then by Democrat Joel Parker.
    In the Industrial Revolution, cities like Paterson grew and prospered. Previously, the economy had been largely agrarian, which was problematically subject to crop failures and poor soil. This caused a shift to a more industrialized economy, one based on manufactured commodities such as textiles and silk. Inventor Thomas Edison also became an important figure of the Industrial Revolution, having been granted 1,093 patents, many of which for inventions he developed while working in New Jersey. Edison’s facilities, first at Menlo Park and then in West Orange, are considered perhaps the first research centers in the U.S. Christie Street in Menlo Park was the first thoroughfare in the world to have electric lighting. Transportation was greatly improved as locomotion and steamboats were introduced to New Jersey.
    Iron mining was also a leading industry during the middle to late 19th century. Bog iron pits in the Southern New Jersey Pinelands were among the first sources of iron for the new nation. Mines such as Mt. Hope, Mine Hill and the Rockaway Valley Mines created a thriving industry. Mining generated the impetus for new towns and was one of the driving forces behind the need for the Morris Canal. Zinc mines were also a major industry, especially the Sterling Hill Mine.

    20th century

    Through both World Wars, New Jersey was a center for war production, especially in naval construction. Battleships, cruisers, and destroyers were all made in this state. In addition, Fort Dix (1917) (originally called “Camp Dix”), Camp Merritt (1917) and Camp Kilmer (1941) were all constructed to house and train American soldiers through both World Wars. New Jersey also became a principal location for defense in the Cold War. Fourteen Nike Missile stations were constructed, especially for the defense of New York City and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. PT-109, a motor torpedo boat commanded by Lt. (j.g.) John F. Kennedy in World War II, was built at the Elco Boatworks in Bayonne. The aircraft carrier USS Enterprise (CV-6) was briefly docked at the Military Ocean Terminal in Bayonne in the 1950s before she was sent to Kearney to be scrapped. In 1962, the world’s first nuclear-powered cargo ship, the NS Savannah, was launched at Camden.
    New Jersey prospered through the Roaring Twenties. The first Miss America Pageant was held in 1921 in Atlantic City, the first drive-in movie was shown in 1933 in Camden, and the Holland Tunnel opened in 1927. During the Great Depression of the 1930s, the state offered begging licenses to unemployed residents, the zeppelin airship Hindenburg crashed in flames over Lakehurst, and the SS Morro Castle beached itself near Asbury Park after going up in flames while at sea.
    In 1951, the New Jersey Turnpike opened, permitting fast travel by car and truck between North Jersey (and metropolitan New York) and South Jersey (and metropolitan Philadelphia).
    In the 1960s, race riots erupted in many of the industrial cities of North Jersey. The first race riots in New Jersey occurred in Jersey City on August 2, 1964. Several others ensued in 1967, in Newark and Plainfield. Other riots followed the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. in April 1968, just as in the rest of the country. A riot occurred in Camden in 1971.
    As a result of an order from the New Jersey Supreme Court to fund schools equitably, the New Jersey legislature reluctantly passed an income tax bill in 1976. Prior to this bill, the state had no income tax.

    State population

    The United States Census Bureau estimates that the population of New Jersey was 8,864,590 on July 1, 2012, a 0.8% increase since the 2010 United States Census. Residents of New Jersey are most commonly referred to as “New Jerseyans” or “New Jerseyites”. As of the 2010 census, there were 8,791,894 people residing in the state. The racial makeup of the state was 68.6% White, 13.7% African American, 0.3% Native American, 8.3% Asian, 6.4% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. 17.7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino. Non-Hispanic Whites were 58.9% of the population in 2011, down from 85% in 1970.
    In 2010, illegal immigrants constituted an estimated 6.4% of the population. This was the fourth highest percentage of any state in the country. There were an estimated 550,000 illegal immigrants in the state in 2010.
    The United States Census Bureau, as of July 1, 2009, estimated New Jersey’s population at 8,707,739, which represents an increase of 268,301, or 3.2%, since the last census in 2000. This includes a natural increase since the last census of 343,965 people (that is, 933,185 births minus 589,220 deaths) and a decrease due to net migration of 53,930 people out of the state. Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 384,687 people, and migration within the country produced a net loss of 438,617 people. As of 2005, there were 1.6 million foreign-born living in the state (accounting for 19.2% of the population).
    As of 2010, New Jersey is the eleventh-most populous state in the United States, and the most densely populated, at 1,185 residents per square mile (458 per km2), with most of the population residing in the counties surrounding New York City, Philadelphia, and along the eastern Jersey Shore, while the extreme southern and northwestern counties are relatively less dense overall. It is also the second wealthiest state according to the U.S. Census Bureau.
    The center of population for New Jersey is located in Middlesex County, in the town of Milltown, just east of the New Jersey Turnpike.
    New Jersey is home to more scientists and engineers per square mile than anywhere else in the world.

    Economy

    Affluence

    New Jersey has seven tax brackets for determining income tax rates. The rates range from 1.4 to 8.97%. The standard sales tax rate is 7%, applicable to all retail sales unless specifically exempt by law. Exemptions include most food items for at-home preparation, medicines, clothing (except fur items), footwear, and disposable paper products for use in the home. Approximately 30 New Jersey municipalities are designated as Urban Enterprise Zones and shoppers are charged a 31/2s% tax rate, half of the rate charged outside the UEZs. Sections of Elizabeth and Jersey City are examples of communities that are subject to the lower sales tax rate. New Jersey has the highest tax rate of all 50 states with residents paying a total of $68 billion in state and local taxes annually with a per capita burden of $7,816 at a rate of 12.9% of income. All real property located in the state is subject to property tax unless specifically exempted by statute. New Jersey does not assess an intangible personal property tax, but it does impose an inheritance tax.

    Federal taxation disparity

    New Jersey has the highest disparity of any state in the United States between what it gives to the federal government and what it receives. In fiscal year 2005, New Jersey taxpayers gave the federal government $77 billion, while only receiving $55 billion. This difference is higher than any other state and means that for every $1 New Jersey taxpayers send to Washington, the state only receives $0.61 in return. This calculation is applied correctly after making the federal government deficit neutral, as sometimes the federal government spends more than it receives. As of 2005, New Jersey has never been above 48th in rank for per capita federal spending (with a rank of 50th for the majority of that time) since 1982, while being second or third in per capita federal taxes paid to Washington.
    New Jersey runs into deficits frequently and has one of the highest tax burdens in the nation. Factors for this include the large federal tax liability which is not adjusted for New Jersey’s higher cost of living and Medicaid funding formulas. As shown by the study, incomes tend to be higher in New Jersey, which puts those in higher tax brackets especially vulnerable to the alternative minimum tax.

    Industries

    New Jersey’s economy is centered on the pharmaceutical industry, the financial industry, chemical development, telecommunications, food processing, electric equipment, printing and publishing, and tourism. New Jersey’s agricultural outputs are nursery stock, horses, vegetables, fruits and nuts, seafood, and dairy products. New Jersey ranks second among states in blueberry production, third in cranberries and spinach, and fourth in bell peppers, peaches, and head lettuce. New Jersey harvests the fourth-largest number of acres planted with asparagus.
    Although New Jersey is home to many energy-intensive industries, its energy consumption is only 2.7% of the U.S. total, and its carbon dioxide emissions are only 0.8% of the U.S. total. Its comparatively low greenhouse gas emissions can be attributed to nuclear power. According to the Energy Information Administration, nuclear power dominates New Jersey’s electricity market, typically supplying more than one-half of State generation. New Jersey has three nuclear power plants, including the Oyster Creek Nuclear Generating Station, which came online in 1969 and is the oldest operating nuclear plant in the country.
    New Jersey has a strong scientific economy. New Jersey is home to major pharmaceutical firms such as Johnson and Johnson, Sanofi-Aventis, Novartis, Pfizer, Merck, Hoffman-LaRoche, and Bristol-Myers Squibb. New Jersey is home to major telecommunications firms such as Verizon Wireless, Avaya, Alcatel-Lucent, and AT&T Communications. Furthermore, New Jersey draws upon its large and well-educated labor pool which also supports the myriad of industries that exist today.
    New Jersey is the ultimate bedroom community since the state is right next to New York City and Philadelphia. Thus, there is a strong service economy in New Jersey serving residents who work in New York City or Philadelphia. Some of these industries include retail sales, education and real estate.
    Shipping is a strong industry in New Jersey because of the state’s strategic location, the Port of New York and New Jersey the busiest on the East Coast. The Port Newark-Elizabeth Marine Terminal was the world’s first container port and is one of the world’s largest container ports. New Jersey also has a strong presence in chemical development, refining, and food processing operations.
    New Jersey hosts several business headquarters, including twenty-four Fortune 500 companies. Paramus is noted for having one of the highest retail sales per person ratios in the nation. Several New Jersey counties such as Somerset (7), Morris (10), Hunterdon (13), Bergen (21), Monmouth (42) counties are ranked among the highest-income counties in the United States. Four others are also in the top 100.

    Natural resources

    New Jersey’s greatest natural resource is its location, which has made the state a crossroads of commerce. Other commercial advantages include its extensive transportation system, which puts one quarter of all United States consumers within overnight delivery range. Lake and seaside resorts such as Atlantic City have contributed to New Jersey’s rank of fifth among the states in revenues from tourism.
    Almost half of New Jersey is wooded. The chief tree of the northern forests is the oak. A large part of the southern section is in pine. Jersey oak has been used extensively in shipbuilding.
    The mineral resources in New Jersey are small. The state, however, does rank high in smelting and refining minerals from other states. Some mining activity does still take place in the area in and around the Franklin Furnace, which was long a center of zinc production (see New Jersey Zinc Company).
    New Jersey is second in the nation in solar power installations, enabled by one of the country’s most favorable net metering policies, and the renewable energy certificates program. The state has more than 10,000 solar installations.