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Phone Answering Service in Oklahoma

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    • 1 to 3 days

      Oklahoma City

      24/7 Voicemail Reception

      9 – 5 Live Answering

      24/7 Custom Solutions

      Starts at $20/month

  • OKLAHOMA CITY

  • ACHILLE

  • ADA

  • ADAIR

  • ADAMS

  • ADDINGTON

  • AFTON

  • AGRA

  • ALBANY

  • ALBERT

  • ALBION

  • ALDERSON

  • ALEX

  • ALINE

  • ALLEN

  • ALTUS

  • ALTUS AFB

  • ALVA

  • AMBER

  • AMES

  • AMORITA

  • ANADARKO

  • ANTLERS

  • APACHE

  • ARAPAHO

  • ARCADIA

  • ARDMORE

  • ARKOMA

  • ARNETT

  • ASHER

  • ATOKA

  • ATWOOD

  • AVANT

  • BALKO

  • BARNSDALL

  • BARTLESVILLE

  • BATTIEST

  • BEAVER

  • BEGGS

  • BENNINGTON

  • BESSIE

  • BETHANY

  • BETHEL

  • BIG CABIN

  • BILLINGS

  • BINGER

  • BISON

  • BIXBY

  • BLACKWELL

  • BLAIR

  • BLANCHARD

  • BLANCO

  • BLOCKER

  • BLUEJACKET

  • BOISE CITY

  • BOKCHITO

  • BOKOSHE

  • BOLEY

  • BOSWELL

  • BOWLEGS

  • BOYNTON

  • BRADLEY

  • BRAGGS

  • BRAMAN

  • BRISTOW

  • BROKEN ARROW

  • BROKEN BOW

  • BROMIDE

  • BUFFALO

  • BUNCH

  • BURBANK

  • BURLINGTON

  • BURNEYVILLE

  • BURNS FLAT

  • BUTLER

  • BYARS

  • CACHE

  • CADDO

  • CALERA

  • CALUMET

  • CALVIN

  • CAMARGO

  • CAMERON

  • CANADIAN

  • CANEY

  • CANTON

  • CANUTE

  • CARDIN

  • CARMEN

  • CARNEGIE

  • CARNEY

  • CARRIER

  • CARTER

  • CARTWRIGHT

  • CASHION

  • CASTLE

  • CATOOSA

  • CEMENT

  • CENTRAHOMA

  • CHANDLER

  • CHATTANOOGA

  • CHECOTAH

  • CHELSEA

  • CHEROKEE

  • CHESTER

  • CHEYENNE

  • CHICKASHA

  • CHOCTAW

  • CHOUTEAU

  • CLAREMORE

  • CLARITA

  • CLAYTON

  • CLEO SPRINGS

  • CLEVELAND

  • CLINTON

  • COALGATE

  • COLBERT

  • COLCORD

  • COLEMAN

  • COLLINSVILLE

  • COLONY

  • COMANCHE

  • COMMERCE

  • CONCHO

  • CONNERVILLE

  • COOKSON

  • COPAN

  • CORDELL

  • CORN

  • COUNCIL HILL

  • COUNTYLINE

  • COVINGTON

  • COWETA

  • COYLE

  • CRAWFORD

  • CRESCENT

  • CROMWELL

  • CROWDER

  • CUSHING

  • CUSTER CITY

  • CYRIL

  • DACOMA

  • DAISY

  • DAVENPORT

  • DAVIDSON

  • DAVIS

  • DEER CREEK

  • DELAWARE

  • DEPEW

  • DEVOL

  • DEWAR

  • DEWEY

  • DIBBLE

  • DILL CITY

  • DISNEY

  • DOUGHERTY

  • DOUGLAS

  • DOVER

  • DRUMMOND

  • DRUMRIGHT

  • DUKE

  • DUNCAN

  • DURANT

  • DURHAM

  • DUSTIN

  • EAGLETOWN

  • EAKLY

  • EARLSBORO

  • EDMOND

  • EL RENO

  • ELDORADO

  • ELGIN

  • ELK CITY

  • ELMER

  • ELMORE CITY

  • ENID

  • ERICK

  • EUCHA

  • EUFAULA

  • FAIRFAX

  • FAIRLAND

  • FAIRMONT

  • FAIRVIEW

  • FANSHAWE

  • FARGO

  • FAXON

  • FAY

  • FELT

  • FINLEY

  • FITTSTOWN

  • FITZHUGH

  • FLETCHER

  • FORGAN

  • FORT COBB

  • FORT GIBSON

  • FORT SILL

  • FORT SUPPLY

  • FORT TOWSON

  • FOSS

  • FOSTER

  • FOX

  • FOYIL

  • FRANCIS

  • FREDERICK

  • FREEDOM

  • GAGE

  • GANS

  • GARBER

  • GARVIN

  • GATE

  • GEARY

  • GENE AUTRY

  • GERONIMO

  • GLENCOE

  • GLENPOOL

  • GOLDEN

  • GOLTRY

  • GOODWELL

  • GORE

  • GOTEBO

  • GOULD

  • GOWEN

  • GRACEMONT

  • GRAHAM

  • GRANDFIELD

  • GRANITE

  • GRANT

  • GREENFIELD

  • GROVE

  • GUTHRIE

  • GUYMON

  • HAILEYVILLE

  • HALLETT

  • HAMMON

  • HANNA

  • HARDESTY

  • HARRAH

  • HARTSHORNE

  • HASKELL

  • HASTINGS

  • HAWORTH

  • HEADRICK

  • HEALDTON

  • HEAVENER

  • HELENA

  • HENDRIX

  • HENNEPIN

  • HENNESSEY

  • HENRYETTA

  • HILLSDALE

  • HINTON

  • HITCHCOCK

  • HITCHITA

  • HOBART

  • HODGEN

  • HOLDENVILLE

  • HOLLIS

  • HOLLISTER

  • HOMINY

  • HOOKER

  • HOPETON

  • HOWE

  • HOYT

  • HUGO

  • HULBERT

  • HUNTER

  • HYDRO

  • IDABEL

  • INDIAHOMA

  • INDIANOLA

  • INOLA

  • ISABELLA

  • JAY

  • JENKS

  • JENNINGS

  • JET

  • JONES

  • KANSAS

  • KAW CITY

  • KELLYVILLE

  • KEMP

  • KENEFIC

  • KENTON

  • KEOTA

  • KETCHUM

  • KEYES

  • KIAMICHI CHRISTIAN MISSION

  • KIEFER

  • KINGFISHER

  • KINGSTON

  • KINTA

  • KIOWA

  • KONAWA

  • KREBS

  • KREMLIN

  • LAHOMA

  • LAMAR

  • LAMONT

  • LANE

  • LANGLEY

  • LANGSTON

  • LAVERNE

  • LAWTON

  • LEBANON

  • LEEDEY

  • LEFLORE

  • LEHIGH

  • LENAPAH

  • LEON

  • LEONARD

  • LEQUIRE

  • LEXINGTON

  • LINDSAY

  • LOCO

  • LOCUST GROVE

  • LONE GROVE

  • LONE WOLF

  • LONGDALE

  • LOOKEBA

  • LOVELAND

  • LOYAL

  • LUCIEN

  • LUTHER

  • MACOMB

  • MADILL

  • MANCHESTER

  • MANGUM

  • MANITOU

  • MANNFORD

  • MANNSVILLE

  • MARAMEC

  • MARBLE CITY

  • MARIETTA

  • MARLAND

  • MARLOW

  • MARSHALL

  • MARTHA

  • MAUD

  • MAY

  • MAYSVILLE

  • MCALESTER

  • MCCURTAIN

  • MCLOUD

  • MEAD

  • MEDFORD

  • MEDICINE PARK

  • MEEKER

  • MEERS

  • MENO

  • MERIDIAN

  • MIAMI

  • MILBURN

  • MILFAY

  • MILL CREEK

  • MILLERTON

  • MINCO

  • MOFFETT

  • MONROE

  • MOODYS

  • MOORELAND

  • MORRIS

  • MORRISON

  • MOUNDS

  • MOUNTAIN PARK

  • MOUNTAIN VIEW

  • MOYERS

  • MULDROW

  • MULHALL

  • MUSE

  • MUSKOGEE

  • MUSTANG

  • MUTUAL

  • NARDIN

  • NASH

  • NASHOBA

  • NEWALLA

  • NEWCASTLE

  • NEWKIRK

  • NICOMA PARK

  • NINNEKAH

  • NOBLE

  • NORMAN

  • NORTH MIAMI

  • NOWATA

  • OAKHURST

  • OAKS

  • OAKWOOD

  • OCHELATA

  • OILTON

  • OKARCHE

  • OKAY

  • OKEENE

  • OKEMAH

  • OKMULGEE

  • OKTAHA

  • OLUSTEE

  • OMEGA

  • OOLOGAH

  • ORLANDO

  • OSAGE

  • OSCAR

  • OVERBROOK

  • OWASSO

  • PADEN

  • PANAMA

  • PANOLA

  • PAOLI

  • PARK HILL

  • PAULS VALLEY

  • PAWHUSKA

  • PAWNEE

  • PEGGS

  • PERKINS

  • PERRY

  • PICHER

  • PICKENS

  • PIEDMONT

  • PITTSBURG

  • PLATTER

  • POCASSET

  • POCOLA

  • PONCA CITY

  • POND CREEK

  • PORTER

  • PORUM

  • POTEAU

  • PRAGUE

  • PRESTON

  • PROCTOR

  • PRUE

  • PRYOR

  • PURCELL

  • PUTNAM

  • QUAPAW

  • QUINTON

  • RALSTON

  • RAMONA

  • RANDLETT

  • RATLIFF CITY

  • RATTAN

  • RAVIA

  • RED OAK

  • RED ROCK

  • REDBIRD

  • RENTIESVILLE

  • REYDON

  • RINGLING

  • RINGOLD

  • RINGWOOD

  • RIPLEY

  • ROCKY

  • ROFF

  • ROLAND

  • ROOSEVELT

  • ROSE

  • ROSSTON

  • RUFE

  • RUSH SPRINGS

  • RYAN

  • S COFFEYVILLE

  • SAINT LOUIS

  • SALINA

  • SALLISAW

  • SAND SPRINGS

  • SAPULPA

  • SASAKWA

  • SAVANNA

  • SAWYER

  • SAYRE

  • SCHULTER

  • SEILING

  • SEMINOLE

  • SENTINEL

  • SHADY POINT

  • SHAMROCK

  • SHARON

  • SHATTUCK

  • SHAWNEE

  • SHIDLER

  • SKIATOOK

  • SLICK

  • SMITHVILLE

  • SNOW

  • SNYDER

  • SOPER

  • SOUTHARD

  • SPARKS

  • SPAVINAW

  • SPENCER

  • SPENCERVILLE

  • SPERRY

  • SPIRO

  • SPRINGER

  • STERLING

  • STIDHAM

  • STIGLER

  • STILLWATER

  • STILWELL

  • STONEWALL

  • STRANG

  • STRATFORD

  • STRINGTOWN

  • STROUD

  • STUART

  • SULPHUR

  • SWEETWATER

  • SWINK

  • TAFT

  • TAHLEQUAH

  • TALALA

  • TALIHINA

  • TALOGA

  • TATUMS

  • TECUMSEH

  • TEMPLE

  • TERLTON

  • TERRAL

  • TEXHOMA

  • TEXOLA

  • THACKERVILLE

  • THOMAS

  • TIPTON

  • TISHOMINGO

  • TONKAWA

  • TRYON

  • TULSA

  • TUPELO

  • TURPIN

  • TUSKAHOMA

  • TUSSY

  • TUTTLE

  • TWIN OAKS

  • TYRONE

  • UNION CITY

  • VALLIANT

  • VELMA

  • VERA

  • VERDEN

  • VIAN

  • VICI

  • VINITA

  • VINSON

  • WAGONER

  • WAINWRIGHT

  • WAKITA

  • WALTERS

  • WANETTE

  • WANN

  • WAPANUCKA

  • WARDVILLE

  • WARNER

  • WASHINGTON

  • WASHITA

  • WATONGA

  • WATSON

  • WATTS

  • WAUKOMIS

  • WAURIKA

  • WAYNE

  • WAYNOKA

  • WEATHERFORD

  • WEBBERS FALLS

  • WELCH

  • WELEETKA

  • WELLING

  • WELLSTON

  • WESTVILLE

  • WETUMKA

  • WEWOKA

  • WHEATLAND

  • WHITEFIELD

  • WHITESBORO

  • WILBURTON

  • WILLOW

  • WILSON

  • WISTER

  • WOODWARD

  • WRIGHT CITY

  • WYANDOTTE

  • WYNNEWOOD

  • WYNONA

  • YALE

  • YUKON
  • Does Phone Answering USA provide Automated Reception Services in Oklahoma?

    Phone Answering USA provides Automated Reception Services in Oklahoma. This package is simple and cost effective. This package includes a local phone number, unlimited calls, unlimited local & long distance minutes (in the continental US), unlimited call forwarding and up to 7 extensions.

    This package can be purchased on our website or by calling 702.943.0315

    Does Phone Answering USA provide Live 9am to 5pm Live Answering in Oklahoma?

    Phone Answering USA provides a Pay Per Call Live 9-5 Answering Service in Oklahoma. These call packages are designed for the company that does not need 24/7 phone answering and wishes to pay per call not per minute. It is a simple way to understand what your monthly cost will be month in and month out.

    Live 9am – 5pm Standard and Premium Package Differentiated:

    Standard Live Answering

    Calls personally answered/ Live Message Receiving/ forwarding call to voice mail, Monday – Friday, 9am – 5pm local time (except holidays). $1 per call over allotted package.

    Premium Live Answering

    Calls personally answered/ screened/ forwarded per your instruction, allowing you to decide whether to accept the call, Monday – Friday, 9am – 5pm local time (except holidays). $1 per call over allotted package.

    Find-Me / Follow-Me: Live efforts to forward your calls, allowing you to not miss that important call.

    Both Standard and Premium packages provide:

    • Off-hour automated reception with up to 7 extensions – Auto-attendant answering of calls in your company’s name with up to 3 dialing options for callers external client number(s). Unlimited Long Distance Continental U.S.
    • Custom greeting for Off-hours – Your company branding when your line is answered.
    • Flat Rate Monthly Call Bundles – You choose the amount of bundled calls monthly for your services and receive one-set price.
    • Local Number – Local Number that is uniquely yours while employing our services.
    • Voice-mail Message to Email – Receive Voice-mails to email and hear it as a .wav file, saving long-distance charges in lieu of calling in to check your messages.
    • Music on Hold – Callers hear music when on hold or while waiting to connect.
    • Text Message Notification to Cell Phone – Receive your messages taken live by receptionist and sent by text to your mobile phone.
    • Call Time Scheduler – Calls can be routed a certain way during business hours (9-5) and a different way after-hours.

    This Package can be purchased on our website or by calling 702.943.0315

    Does Phone Answering USA provide 24/7 Phone Answering services in Oklahoma?

    Phone Answering USA provides a suite of Phone Answering 24/7 Services in Oklahoma. All the service packages are custom to fit any companies’ needs.

    Categories:

    • Answering Services
    • Live Receptionist
    • Order Entry
    • Scheduling
    • Call Center
    • Help Desk

    24/7 Service Defined:

    • Absentee Reporting – Agents can answer your employee reporting line and document employee absences at a minimal cost of hiring full or part-time staff.
    • Ad Response – Agents can service and manage the responses to targeted advertising campaigns, website advertising, newspapers, radio, and direct mailings.
    • Answering Service – Experienced agents can answer your line 24/7; collect the information you require; and promptly forward it to you.
    • Directory Service – Provide your callers with the nearest location of your store, service center, or dealer.
    • Disaster Recovery Back-up – Prevent your phones from being unanswered during crisis by utilizing our answering service.
    • E-Mail Read & Response – Agents ca read and respond to your e-mail in a prompt and professional manner using your templates or scripted guidance.
    • Help Desk – Utilizing the information you provide, agents will answer your line and help the caller get the right information for their questions or concerns.
    • Insurance – Professional Agents will answer your line and collect the claims information you require.
    • Marketing Collateral Request Service – Professional agents will answer your line and record the name and address of the caller requesting your catalog, literature, or other information.
    • Medical Answering – Courteous Agents will provide answering for doctors, clinics, and hospitals. HIPAA compliant.
    • Order Entry – Professional agents can take orders for your products and services.
    • Overflow – Outsource your office phones to relieve overburdening your in-house resources.
    • Property Management Services – Agents can handle property inquiries and maintenance dispatching 24/7.
    • Scheduling – Agents will answer your line and schedule appointments and/or provide reminder follow-up calls. Agents can answer your line to schedule your seminar, class, conference, or event.

    These packages can be purchased by contact us through our website or calling 702.943.0315

    State of Oklahoma

    Oklahoma is a state located in West South Central United States. Oklahoma is the 20th most extensive and the 28th most populous of the 50 United States. The state’s name is derived from the Choctaw words okla and humma, meaning “red people”, and it is known informally by its nickname, The Sooner State. Formed by the combination of Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory on November 16, 1907, Oklahoma was the 46th state to enter the union. Its residents are known as Oklahomans or, informally “Okies”, and its capital and largest city is Oklahoma City.
    A major producer of natural gas, oil, and agriculture, Oklahoma relies on an economic base of aviation, energy, telecommunications, and biotechnology. It has one of the fastest growing economies in the nation, ranking among the top states in per capita income growth and gross domestic product growth. Oklahoma City and Tulsa serve as Oklahoma’s primary economic anchors, with nearly 60 percent of Oklahomans living in their metropolitan statistical areas.
    With small mountain ranges, prairie, mesas, and eastern forests, most of Oklahoma lies in the Great Plains and the U.S. Interior Highlands-a region especially prone to severe weather. In addition to having a prevalence of English, German, Scottish, Irish and Native American ancestry, more than 25 Native American languages are spoken in Oklahoma, second only to California.
    Oklahoma is located on a confluence of three major American cultural regions and historically served as a route for cattle drives, a destination for southern settlers, and a government-sanctioned territory for Native Americans.

    Etymology

    The name Oklahoma comes from the Choctaw phrase okla humma, literally meaning red people. Choctaw Chief Allen Wright suggested the name in 1866 during treaty negotiations with the federal government regarding the use of Indian Territory, in which he envisioned an all-Indian state controlled by the United States Superintendent of Indian Affairs. Equivalent to the English word Indian, okla humma was a phrase in the Choctaw language used to describe the Native American race as a whole. Oklahoma later became the de facto name for Oklahoma Territory, and it was officially approved in 1890, two years after the area was opened to white settlers.

    Geography

    Oklahoma is the 20th-largest state in the United States, covering an area of 69,898 square miles (181,035 km2), with 68,667 square miles (177847 km2) of land and 1,281 square miles (3,188 km2) of water. It is one of six states on the Frontier Strip, and lies partly in the Great Plains near the geographical center of the 48 contiguous states. Arkansas and Missouri bound it on the east, on the north by Kansas, on the northwest by Colorado, on the far west by New Mexico, and on the south and near-west by Texas.
    The western edge of the Oklahoma panhandle is out of alignment with its Texas border. The Oklahoma/New Mexico border is actually 2.1 to 2.2 miles east of the Texas line. The border between Texas and New Mexico was set first as a result of a survey by Spain in 1819. It was then set along the 103rd Meridian. In the 1890s, when Oklahoma was formally surveyed using more accurate surveying equipment and techniques, it was discovered that the Texas line was not set along the 103rd Meridian. Surveying techniques weren’t as accurate in 1819, and the actual 103rd Meridian was approximately 2.2 miles to the east. It was much easier to leave the mistake as it was than for Texas to cede land to New Mexico to correct the original surveying error. The placement of the Oklahoma/New Mexico border represents the true 103rd Meridian.
    Cimarron County in Oklahoma’s panhandle is the only county in the United States which touches four other states: New Mexico, Texas, Colorado and Kansas (about two miles worth).
    Oklahoma is often referred to as a Southwest state.

    Topography

    Oklahoma is between the Great Plains and the Ozark Plateau in the Gulf of Mexico watershed, generally sloping from the high plains of its western boundary to the low wetlands of its southeastern boundary. Its highest and lowest points follow this trend, with its highest peak, Black Mesa, at 4,973 feet (1,516 m) above sea level, situated near its far northwest corner in the Oklahoma Panhandle. The state’s lowest point is on the Little River near its far southeastern boundary near the town of Idabel, OK, which dips to 289 feet (88 m) above sea level.
    Among the most geographically diverse states, Oklahoma is one of four to harbor more than 10 distinct ecological regions, with 11 in its borders – more per square mile than in any other state. Its western and eastern halves, however, are marked by extreme differences in geographical diversity: Eastern Oklahoma touches eight ecological regions and its western half contains three.
    Oklahoma has four primary mountain ranges: the Ouachita Mountains, the Arbuckle Mountains, the Wichita Mountains, and the Ozark Mountains. Contained within the U.S. Interior Highlands region, the Ozark and Ouachita Mountains mark the only major mountainous region between the Rocky Mountains and the Appalachians. A portion of the Flint Hills stretches into north-central Oklahoma, and near the state’s eastern border, Cavanal Hill is regarded by the Oklahoma Tourism & Recreation Department as the world’s tallest hill; at 1,999 feet (609 m), it fails their definition of a mountain by one foot.
    The semi-arid high plains in the state’s northwestern corner harbor few natural forests; the region has a rolling to flat landscape with intermittent canyons and mesa ranges like the Glass Mountains. Partial plains interrupted by small mountain ranges like the Antelope Hills and the Wichita Mountains dot southwestern Oklahoma, and transitional prairie and woodlands cover the central portion of the state. The Ozark and Ouachita Mountains rise from west to east over the state’s eastern third, gradually increasing in elevation in an eastward direction.
    More than 500 named creeks and rivers make up Oklahoma’s waterways, and with 200 lakes created by dams, it holds the highest number of artificial reservoirs in the nation. Most of the state lies in two primary drainage basins belonging to the Red and Arkansas rivers, though the Lee and Little rivers also contain significant drainage basins.

    Flora and fauna

    Forests cover 24 percent of Oklahoma and prairie grasslands composed of shortgrass, mixed-grass, and tallgrass prairie, harbor expansive ecosystems in the state’s central and western portions, although cropland has largely replaced native grasses. Where rainfall is sparse in the western regions of the state, shortgrass prairie and shrublands are the most prominent ecosystems, though pinyon pines, red cedar (junipers), and ponderosa pines grow near rivers and creek beds in the far western reaches of the panhandle.
    Marshlands, cypress forests and mixtures of shortleaf pine, loblolly pine and deciduous forests dominate the state’s southeastern quarter, while mixtures of largely post oak, elm, red cedar (Juniperus virginiana) and pine forests cover northeastern Oklahoma.
    The state holds populations of white-tailed deer, mule deer, antelope, coyotes, mountain lions, bobcats, elk, and birds such as quail, doves, cardinals, bald eagles, red-tailed hawks, and pheasants. In prairie ecosystems, American bison, greater prairie chickens, badgers, and armadillo are common, and some of the nation’s largest prairie dog towns inhabit shortgrass prairie in the state’s panhandle. The Cross Timbers, a region transitioning from prairie to woodlands in Central Oklahoma, harbors 351 vertebrate species. The Ouachita Mountains are home to black bear, red fox, grey fox, and river otter populations, which coexist with a total of 328 vertebrate species in southeastern Oklahoma. Also, in southeastern Oklahoma lives the American Alligator.

    Protected lands

    Oklahoma has 50 state parks, six national parks or protected regions, two national protected forests or grasslands, and a network of wildlife preserves and conservation areas. Six percent of the state’s 10 million acres (40,000 km2) of forest is public land, including the western portions of the Ouachita National Forest, the largest and oldest national forest in the Southern United States.
    With 39,000 acres (158 km2), the Tallgrass Prairie Preserve in north-central Oklahoma is the largest protected area of tallgrass prairie in the world and is part of an ecosystem that encompasses only 10 percent of its former land area, once covering 14 states. In addition, the Black Kettle National Grassland covers 31,300 acres (127 km2) of prairie in southwestern Oklahoma. The Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge is the oldest and largest of nine national wildlife refuges in the state and was founded in 1901, encompassing 59,020 acres (238.8 km2).
    Of Oklahoma’s federally protected park or recreational sites; the Chickasaw National Recreation Area is the largest, with 9,898.63 acres (18 km2). Other sites include the Santa Fe and Trail of Tears national historic trails, the Fort Smith and Washita Battlefield national historic sites, and the Oklahoma City National Memorial.

    Climate

    Oklahoma is located in a temperate region and experiences occasional extremes of temperature and precipitation typical of a continental climate. Most of the state lies in an area known as Tornado Alley characterized by frequent interaction between cold and warm air masses producing severe weather. An average 54 tornadoes strike the state per year-one of the highest rates in the world.
    Because of Oklahoma’s position between zones of differing prevailing temperature and winds, weather patterns within the state can vary widely between relatively short distances and can change drastically in a short time. As an example, on November 11, 1911, the temperature at Oklahoma City reached 83 °F (28 °C) in the afternoon (the record high for that date), then an incoming squall line resulted in a drop to 17 °F (-8 °C) at midnight (the record low for that date); thus, both the record high and record low for November 11 were set on the same day.
    The humid subtropical climate (Koppen Cfa) of the eastern part of Oklahoma is influenced heavily by southerly winds bringing moisture from the Gulf of Mexico, but transitions progressively to a semi-arid zone (Koppen BSk) in the high plains of the Panhandle and other western areas from about Lawton westward less frequently touched by southern moisture. Precipitation and temperatures fall from east to west accordingly, with areas in the southeast averaging an annual temperature of 62 °F (17 °C) and an annual rainfall of 56 inches (1,420 mm), while areas of the panhandle average 58 °F (14 °C), with an annual rainfall under 17 inches (430 mm).
    All of the state frequently experiences temperatures above 100 °F (38 °C) or below 0 °F (-18 °C), and snowfall ranges from an average of less than 4 inches (10 cm) in the south to just over 20 inches (51 cm) on the border of Colorado in the panhandle. The state is home to the Storm Prediction Center, the National Severe Storms Laboratory, and the Warning Decision Training Branch, all part of the National Weather Service and located in Norman. Oklahoma’s highest recorded temperature of 120 °F (49 °C) was recorded at Tipton on June 27, 1994 and the lowest recorded temperature of -31 °F (-35 °C) was recorded at Nowata on February 10, 2011.

    History

    Evidence exists that native peoples traveled through Oklahoma as early as the last ice age, but the state’s first permanent inhabitants settled in communities accentuated with mound-like structures near the Arkansas border between 850 and 1450 AD. Spaniard Francisco Vasquez de Coronado traveled through the state in 1541, but French explorers claimed the area in the 1700s and it remained under French rule until 1803, when all the French territory west of the Mississippi River was purchased by the United States in the Louisiana Purchase.
    During the 19th century, thousands of Native Americans were expelled from their ancestral homelands from across North America and transported to the area including and surrounding present-day Oklahoma. The Choctaw was the first of the Five Civilized Tribes to be removed from the southeastern United States. The phrase “Trail of Tears” originated from a description of the removal of the Choctaw Nation in 1831, although the term is usually used for the Cherokee removal.
    About 17,000 Cherokees – along with approximately 2,000 black slaves owned by Cherokees – were removed from their homes. The area, already occupied by Osage and Quapaw tribes, was called for the Choctaw Nation until revised Native American and then later American policy redefined the boundaries to include other Native Americans. By 1890, more than 30 Native American nations and tribes had been concentrated on land within Indian Territory or “Indian Country.”
    Many Native Americans served in the Union and Confederate military during the American Civil War. The Cherokee Nation had an internal civil war. Slavery in Oklahoma was not abolished until 1866.
    In the period between 1866 and 1899, cattle ranches in Texas strove to meet the demands for food in eastern cities and railroads in Kansas promised to deliver in a timely manner. Cattle trails and cattle ranches developed as cowboys either drove their product north or settled illegally in Indian Territory. In 1881, four of five major cattle trails on the western frontier traveled through Indian Territory.
    Increased presence of white settlers in Indian Territory prompted the United States Government to establish the Dawes Act in 1887, which divided the lands of individual tribes into allotments for individual families, encouraging farming and private land ownership among Native Americans but expropriating land to the federal government. In the process, railroad companies took nearly half of Indian-held land within the territory for outside settlers and for purchase.
    Major land runs, including the Land Run of 1889, were held for settlers where certain territories were opened to settlement starting at a precise time. Usually land was open to settlers on a first come first served basis. Those who broke the rules by crossing the border into the territory before the official opening time were said to have been crossing the border sooner, leading to the term sooners, which eventually became the state’s official nickname.
    Deliberations to make the territory into a state began near the end of the 19th century, when the Curtis Act continued the allotment of Indian tribal land.

    20th century

    Attempts to create an all-Indian state named Oklahoma and a later attempt to create an all-Indian state named Sequoyah failed but the Sequoyah Statehood Convention of 1905 eventually laid the groundwork for the Oklahoma Statehood Convention, which took place two years later. On November 16, 1907, Oklahoma was established as the 46th state in the Union.
    The new state became a focal point for the emerging oil industry, as discoveries of oil pools prompted towns to grow rapidly in population and wealth. Tulsa eventually became known as the “Oil Capital of the World” for most of the 20th century and oil investments fueled much of the state’s early economy. In 1927, an Oklahoman businessman Cyrus Avery, known as the “Father of Route 66”, began the campaign to create U.S. Route 66. Using a stretch of highway from Amarillo, Texas to Tulsa, Oklahoma to form the original portion of Highway 66, Avery spearheaded the creation of the U.S. Highway 66 Association to oversee the planning of Route 66, based in his hometown of Tulsa.
    Oklahoma also has a rich African American history. There were many black towns that thrived in the early 20th century because of black settlers moving from neighboring states, especially Kansas. The politician Edward P. McCabe encouraged black settlers to come to what was then Indian Territory. He discussed with President Theodore Roosevelt the possibility of making Oklahoma a majority-black state.
    By the early 20th century, the Greenwood neighborhood of Tulsa was one of the most prosperous African-American communities in the United States. Jim Crow laws had established racial segregation since before the start of the 20th century, but the blacks had created a thriving area.
    Social tensions were exacerbated by the revival of the Ku Klux Klan after 1915. The Tulsa Race Riot broke out in 1921, with whites attacking blacks. In one of the costliest episodes of racial violence in American history, sixteen hours of rioting resulted in 35 city blocks destroyed, $1.8 million in property damage, and a death toll estimated to be as high as 300 people. By the late 1920s, the Ku Klux Klan had declined to negligible influence within the state.
    During the 1930s, parts of the state began suffering the consequences of poor farming practices, extended drought and high winds. Known as the Dust Bowl, areas of Kansas, Texas, New Mexico and northwestern Oklahoma were hampered by long periods of little rainfall and abnormally high temperatures, sending thousands of farmers into poverty and forcing them to relocate to more fertile areas of the western United States. Over a twenty-year period ending in 1950, the state saw its only historical decline in population, dropping 6.9 percent as impoverished families migrated out of the state after the Dust Bowl.
    Soil and water conservation projects markedly changed practices in the state and led to the construction of massive flood control systems and dams; they built hundreds of reservoirs and man-made lakes to supply water for domestic needs and agricultural irrigation. By the 1960s, Oklahoma had created more than 200 lakes, the most in the nation.
    In 1995, Oklahoma City was the site of the worst act of domestic terrorism in American history. The Oklahoma City bombing of April 19, 1995, in which Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols detonated an explosive outside of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building, killed 168 people, including 19 children. The two men were convicted of the bombing: McVeigh was sentenced to death and executed by the federal government on June 11, 2001; his partner Nichols is serving a sentence of life in prison without the possibility of parole. McVeigh’s army buddy, Michael Fortier, was sentenced to 12 years in federal prison and ordered to pay a $75,000 fine for his role in the bombing plot (i.e. assisting in the sale of guns to raise funds for the bombing, and examining the Murrah Federal building as a possible target prior to the terrorist attack). His wife, Lori Fortier, who has since died, was granted immunity from prosecution in return for her testimony in the case.

    Economy

    With sectors based in aviation, energy, transportation equipment, food processing, electronics, and telecommunications, Oklahoma is an important producer of natural gas, aircraft, and food. The state ranks second in the nation for production of natural gas, is the 27th-most agriculturally productive state, and also ranks 5th in production of wheat. Four Fortune 500 companies and six Fortune 1000 companies are headquartered in Oklahoma, and it has been rated one of the most business-friendly states in the nation, with the 7th-lowest tax burden in 2007.
    In 2010, Oklahoma City-based Love’s Travel Stops & Country Stores ranked 18th on the Forbe’s list of largest private companies, Tulsa-based QuikTrip ranked 37th, and Oklahoma City-based Hobby Lobby ranked 198th in 2010 report. Oklahoma’s gross domestic product grew from $131.9 billion in 2006 to $147.5 billion in 2010, a jump of 10.6 percent. Oklahoma’s gross domestic product per capita was $35,480 in 2010, which was ranked 40th among the states.
    Though oil has historically dominated the state’s economy, a collapse in the energy industry during the 1980s led to the loss of nearly 90,000 energy-related jobs between 1980 and 2000, severely damaging the local economy. Oil accounted for 35 billion dollars in Oklahoma’s economy in 2007, and employment in the state’s oil industry was outpaced by five other industries in 2007. As of August 2011, the state’s unemployment rate is 5.6%.

    Industry

    In mid 2011, Oklahoma had a civilian labor force of 1.7 million and total non-farm employment fluctuated around 1.5 million. The government sector provides the most jobs, with 339,300 in 2011, followed by the transportation and utilities sector, providing 279,500 jobs, and the sectors of education, business, and manufacturing, providing 207,800, 177,400, and 132,700 jobs, respectively. Among the state’s largest industries, the aerospace sector generates $11 billion annually.
    Tulsa is home to the largest airline maintenance base in the world, which serves as the global maintenance and engineering headquarters for American Airlines. In total, aerospace accounts for more than 10 percent of Oklahoma’s industrial output, and it is one of the top 10 states in aerospace engine manufacturing. Because of its position in the center of the United States, Oklahoma is also among the top states for logistic centers, and a major contributor to weather-related research.
    The state is the top manufacturer of tires in North America and contains one of the fastest-growing biotechnology industries in the nation. In 2005, international exports from Oklahoma’s manufacturing industry totaled $4.3 billion, accounting for 3.6 percent of its economic impact. Tire manufacturing, meat processing, oil and gas equipment manufacturing, and air conditioner manufacturing are the state’s largest manufacturing industries.

    Energy

    Oklahoma is the nation’s third-largest producer of natural gas, fifth-largest producer of crude oil, and has the second-greatest number of active drilling rigs, and ranks fifth in crude oil reserves. While the state ranked eighth for installed wind energy capacity in 2011, it is at the bottom of states in usage of renewable energy, with 94 percent of its electricity being generated by non-renewable sources in 2009, including 25 percent from coal and 46 percent from natural gas. Ranking 13th for total energy consumption per capita in 2009, Oklahoma’s energy costs were 8th lowest in the nation.
    As a whole, the oil energy industry contributes $35 billion to Oklahoma’s gross domestic product, and employees of Oklahoma oil-related companies earn an average of twice the state’s typical yearly income. In 2009, the state had 83,700 commercial oil wells churning 65.374 million barrels (10,393,600 m3) of crude oil. Eight and a half percent of the nation’s natural gas supply is held in Oklahoma, with 1.673 trillion cubic feet (47.4 km3) being produced in 2009.
    According to Forbes Magazine, Oklahoma City-based Devon Energy Corporation, Chesapeake Energy Corporation, and SandRidge Energy Corporation are the largest private oil-related companies in the nation, and all of Oklahoma’s Fortune 500 companies are energy-related. Tulsa’s ONEOK and Williams Companies are the state’s largest and second-largest companies respectively, also ranking as the nation’s second and third-largest companies in the field of energy, according to Fortune Magazine. The magazine also placed Devon Energy as the second-largest company in the mining and crude oil-producing industry in the nation, while Chesapeake Energy ranks seventh respectively in that sector and Oklahoma Gas & Electric ranks as the 25th-largest gas and electric utility company.

    Agriculture

    The 27th-most agriculturally productive state, Oklahoma is fifth in cattle production and fifth in production of wheat. Approximately 5.5 percent of American beef comes from Oklahoma, while the state produces 6.1 percent of American wheat, 4.2 percent of American pig products, and 2.2 percent of dairy products.
    The state had 83,500 farms in 2005, collectively producing $4.3 billion in animal products and fewer than one billion dollars in crop output with more than $6.1 billion added to the state’s gross domestic product. Poultry and swine are its second and third-largest agricultural industries.

    Cities and towns

    Major cities

    Oklahoma had 598 incorporated places in 2010, including three cities over 100,000 in population and 40 over 10,000. Two of the fifty largest cities in the United States are located in Oklahoma, Oklahoma City and Tulsa, and 58 percent of Oklahomans live within their metropolitan areas, or spheres of economic and social influence defined by the United States Census Bureau as a metropolitan statistical area. Oklahoma City, the state’s capital and largest city, had the largest metropolitan area in the state in 2010, with 1,252,987 people, and the metropolitan area of Tulsa had 937,478 residents. Between 2000 and 2010, the cities that led the state in population growth were Blanchard 172.4%, Elgin 78.2%, Jenks 77.0%, Piedmont 56.7%, Bixby 56.6%, and Owasso 56.3%.
    In descending order of population, Oklahoma’s largest cities in 2010 were: Oklahoma City (579,999, +14.6%), Tulsa (391,906, -0.3%), Norman (110,925, +15.9%), Broken Arrow (98,850, +32.0%), Lawton (96,867, +4.4%), Edmond (81,405, +19.2%), Moore (55,081, +33.9%), Midwest City (54,371, +0.5%), Enid (49,379, +5.0%), and Stillwater (45,688, +17.0%). Of the state’s ten largest cities, three are outside the metropolitan areas of Oklahoma City and Tulsa, and only Lawton has a metropolitan statistical area of its own as designated by the United States Census Bureau, though the metropolitan statistical area of Fort Smith, Arkansas extends into the state.
    Under Oklahoma law, municipalities are divided into two categories: cities, defined as having more than 1,000 residents, and towns, with under 1,000 residents. Both have legislative, judicial, and public power within their boundaries, but cities can choose between a mayor-council, council-manager, or strong mayor form of government, while towns operate through an elected officer system.