Find Location on Map

Phone Answering Service in Washington

Need Help?
Request a call back!
Map DataMap data ©2013 GoogleTerms of Use
Map Data
Map data ©2013 Google
Map data ©2013 Google

    • 1 to 3 days

      Seattle

      24/7 Voicemail Reception

      9 – 5 Live Answering

      24/7 Custom Solutions

      Starts at $20/month

  • SEATTLE

  • ABERDEEN

  • ACME

  • ADDY

  • ADNA

  • AIRWAY HEIGHTS

  • ALBION

  • ALLYN

  • ALMIRA

  • AMANDA PARK

  • AMBOY

  • ANACORTES

  • ANATONE

  • ANDERSON ISLAND

  • APPLETON

  • ARDENVOIR

  • ARIEL

  • ARLINGTON

  • ASHFORD

  • ASOTIN

  • AUBURN

  • BAINBRIDGE ISLAND

  • BARING

  • BATTLE GROUND

  • BAY CENTER

  • BEAVER

  • BELFAIR

  • BELLEVUE

  • BELLINGHAM

  • BELMONT

  • BENGE

  • BENTON CITY

  • BEVERLY

  • BICKLETON

  • BINGEN

  • BLACK DIAMOND

  • BLAINE

  • BLAKELY ISLAND

  • BONNEY LAKE

  • BOTHELL

  • BOW

  • BOYDS

  • BREMERTON

  • BREWSTER

  • BRIDGEPORT

  • BRINNON

  • BROWNSTOWN

  • BRUSH PRAIRIE

  • BUCKLEY

  • BUCODA

  • BUENA

  • BURBANK

  • BURLEY

  • BURLINGTON

  • BURTON

  • CAMANO ISLAND

  • CAMAS

  • CAMP MURRAY

  • CARBONADO

  • CARLSBORG

  • CARLTON

  • CARNATION

  • CARROLLS

  • CARSON

  • CASHMERE

  • CASTLE ROCK

  • CATHLAMET

  • CENTERVILLE

  • CENTRALIA

  • CHATTAROY

  • CHEHALIS

  • CHELAN

  • CHELAN FALLS

  • CHENEY

  • CHEWELAH

  • CHIMACUM

  • CHINOOK

  • CINEBAR

  • CLALLAM BAY

  • CLARKSTON

  • CLAYTON

  • CLE ELUM

  • CLEARLAKE

  • CLINTON

  • COLBERT

  • COLFAX

  • COLLEGE PLACE

  • COLTON

  • COLVILLE

  • CONCONULLY

  • CONCRETE

  • CONNELL

  • CONWAY

  • COPALIS BEACH

  • COPALIS CROSSING

  • COSMOPOLIS

  • COUGAR

  • COULEE CITY

  • COULEE DAM

  • COUPEVILLE

  • COWICHE

  • CRESTON

  • CURLEW

  • CURTIS

  • CUSICK

  • CUSTER

  • DALLESPORT

  • DANVILLE

  • DARRINGTON

  • DAVENPORT

  • DAYTON

  • DEER HARBOR

  • DEER PARK

  • DEMING

  • DIXIE

  • DOTY

  • DRYDEN

  • DUPONT

  • DUVALL

  • EAST OLYMPIA

  • EAST WENATCHEE

  • EASTON

  • EASTSOUND

  • EATONVILLE

  • EDMONDS

  • EDWALL

  • ELBE

  • ELECTRIC CITY

  • ELK

  • ELLENSBURG

  • ELMA

  • ELMER CITY

  • ELTOPIA

  • ENDICOTT

  • ENTIAT

  • ENUMCLAW

  • EPHRATA

  • ETHEL

  • EVANS

  • EVERETT

  • EVERSON

  • FAIRCHILD AIR FORCE BASE

  • FAIRFIELD

  • FALL CITY

  • FARMINGTON

  • FEDERAL WAY

  • FERNDALE

  • FORD

  • FORKS

  • FOUR LAKES

  • FOX ISLAND

  • FREELAND

  • FRIDAY HARBOR

  • FRUITLAND

  • GALVIN

  • GARFIELD

  • GEORGE

  • GIFFORD

  • GIG HARBOR

  • GLENOMA

  • GLENWOOD

  • GOLD BAR

  • GOLDENDALE

  • GRAHAM

  • GRAND COULEE

  • GRANDVIEW

  • GRANGER

  • GRANITE FALLS

  • GRAPEVIEW

  • GRAYLAND

  • GRAYS RIVER

  • GREENACRES

  • GREENBANK

  • HAMILTON

  • HANSVILLE

  • HARRAH

  • HARRINGTON

  • HARTLINE

  • HAY

  • HEISSON

  • HOBART

  • HOODSPORT

  • HOOPER

  • HOQUIAM

  • HUMPTULIPS

  • HUNTERS

  • HUSUM

  • ILWACO

  • INCHELIUM

  • INDEX

  • INDIANOLA

  • IONE

  • ISSAQUAH

  • JOYCE

  • KAHLOTUS

  • KALAMA

  • KAPOWSIN

  • KELLER

  • KELSO

  • KENMORE

  • KENNEWICK

  • KENT

  • KETTLE FALLS

  • KEYPORT

  • KINGSTON

  • KIRKLAND

  • KITTITAS

  • KLICKITAT

  • LA CENTER

  • LA CONNER

  • LA GRANDE

  • LA PUSH

  • LACEY

  • LACROSSE

  • LAKE STEVENS

  • LAKEBAY

  • LAKEWOOD

  • LAMONA

  • LAMONT

  • LANGLEY

  • LATAH

  • LAURIER

  • LEAVENWORTH

  • LEBAM

  • LIBERTY LAKE

  • LILLIWAUP

  • LINCOLN

  • LIND

  • LITTLEROCK

  • LONG BEACH

  • LONGBRANCH

  • LONGMIRE

  • LONGVIEW

  • LOOMIS

  • LOON LAKE

  • LOPEZ ISLAND

  • LUMMI ISLAND

  • LYLE

  • LYMAN

  • LYNDEN

  • LYNNWOOD

  • MABTON

  • MALAGA

  • MALDEN

  • MALO

  • MALONE

  • MALOTT

  • MANCHESTER

  • MANSFIELD

  • MANSON

  • MAPLE FALLS

  • MAPLE VALLEY

  • MARBLEMOUNT

  • MARCUS

  • MARLIN

  • MARSHALL

  • MARYSVILLE

  • MATLOCK

  • MATTAWA

  • MAZAMA

  • MCCHORD AFB

  • MCCLEARY

  • MCKENNA

  • MEAD

  • MEDICAL LAKE

  • MEDINA

  • MENLO

  • MERCER ISLAND

  • MESA

  • METALINE

  • METALINE FALLS

  • METHOW

  • MICA

  • MILL CREEK

  • MILTON

  • MINERAL

  • MOCLIPS

  • MOHLER

  • MONITOR

  • MONROE

  • MONTESANO

  • MORTON

  • MOSES LAKE

  • MOSSYROCK

  • MOUNT VERNON

  • MOUNTLAKE TERRACE

  • MOXEE

  • MUKILTEO

  • NACHES

  • NAHCOTTA

  • NAPAVINE

  • NASELLE

  • NEAH BAY

  • NEILTON

  • NESPELEM

  • NEWMAN LAKE

  • NEWPORT

  • NINE MILE FALLS

  • NOOKSACK

  • NORDLAND

  • NORTH BEND

  • NORTH BONNEVILLE

  • NORTH LAKEWOOD

  • NORTHPORT

  • OAK HARBOR

  • OAKESDALE

  • OAKVILLE

  • OCEAN PARK

  • OCEAN SHORES

  • ODESSA

  • OKANOGAN

  • OLALLA

  • OLGA

  • OLYMPIA

  • OMAK

  • ONALASKA

  • ORCAS

  • ORIENT

  • ORONDO

  • OROVILLE

  • ORTING

  • OTHELLO

  • OTIS ORCHARDS

  • OUTLOOK

  • OYSTERVILLE

  • PACIFIC

  • PACIFIC BEACH

  • PACKWOOD

  • PALISADES

  • PALOUSE

  • PARADISE INN

  • PARKER

  • PASCO

  • PATEROS

  • PATERSON

  • PE ELL

  • PESHASTIN

  • PLYMOUTH

  • POINT ROBERTS

  • POMEROY

  • PORT ANGELES

  • PORT GAMBLE

  • PORT HADLOCK

  • PORT LUDLOW

  • PORT ORCHARD

  • PORT TOWNSEND

  • POULSBO

  • PRESCOTT

  • PRESTON

  • PROSSER

  • PULLMAN

  • PUYALLUP

  • QUILCENE

  • QUINAULT

  • QUINCY

  • RAINIER

  • RANDLE

  • RAVENSDALE

  • RAYMOND

  • REARDAN

  • REDMOND

  • REDONDO

  • RENTON

  • REPUBLIC

  • RETSIL

  • RICE

  • RICHLAND

  • RIDGEFIELD

  • RITZVILLE

  • RIVERSIDE

  • ROCHESTER

  • ROCK ISLAND

  • ROCKFORD

  • ROCKPORT

  • ROLLINGBAY

  • RONALD

  • ROOSEVELT

  • ROSALIA

  • ROSBURG

  • ROSLYN

  • ROY

  • ROYAL CITY

  • RYDERWOOD

  • SAINT JOHN

  • SALKUM

  • SAMMAMISH

  • SATSOP

  • SEABECK

  • SEAHURST

  • SEAVIEW

  • SEDRO WOOLLEY

  • SEKIU

  • SELAH

  • SEQUIM

  • SHAW ISLAND

  • SHELTON

  • SILVANA

  • SILVER CREEK

  • SILVERDALE

  • SILVERLAKE

  • SKAMOKAWA

  • SKYKOMISH

  • SNOHOMISH

  • SNOQUALMIE

  • SNOQUALMIE PASS

  • SOAP LAKE

  • SOUTH BEND

  • SOUTH CLE ELUM

  • SOUTH COLBY

  • SOUTH PRAIRIE

  • SOUTHWORTH

  • SPANAWAY

  • SPANGLE

  • SPOKANE

  • SPRAGUE

  • SPRINGDALE

  • STANWOOD

  • STARBUCK

  • STARTUP

  • STEHEKIN

  • STEILACOOM

  • STEPTOE

  • STEVENSON

  • STRATFORD

  • SULTAN

  • SUMAS

  • SUMNER

  • SUNNYSIDE

  • SUQUAMISH

  • TACOMA

  • TAHOLAH

  • TAHUYA

  • TEKOA

  • TENINO

  • THORNTON

  • THORP

  • TIETON

  • TOKELAND

  • TOLEDO

  • TONASKET

  • TOPPENISH

  • TOUCHET

  • TOUTLE

  • TRACYTON

  • TROUT LAKE

  • TUMTUM

  • TUMWATER

  • TWISP

  • UNDERWOOD

  • UNION

  • UNIONTOWN

  • UNIVERSITY PLACE

  • USK

  • VADER

  • VALLEY

  • VALLEYFORD

  • VANCOUVER

  • VANTAGE

  • VASHON

  • VAUGHN

  • VERADALE

  • WAHKIACUS

  • WAITSBURG

  • WALDRON

  • WALLA WALLA

  • WALLULA

  • WAPATO

  • WARDEN

  • WASHOUGAL

  • WASHTUCNA

  • WATERVILLE

  • WAUCONDA

  • WAUNA

  • WAVERLY

  • WELLPINIT

  • WENATCHEE

  • WEST RICHLAND

  • WESTPORT

  • WHITE SALMON

  • WHITE SWAN

  • WILBUR

  • WILKESON

  • WILSON CREEK

  • WINLOCK

  • WINTHROP

  • WISHRAM

  • WOODINVILLE

  • WOODLAND

  • YACOLT

  • YAKIMA

  • YELM

  • ZILLAH
  • Does Phone Answering USA provide Automated Reception Services in Washington?

    Phone Answering USA provides Automated Reception Services in Washington. This package is simple and cost effective. This package includes a local phone number, unlimited calls, unlimited local & long distance minutes (in the continental US), unlimited call forwarding and up to 7 extensions.

    This package can be purchased on our website or by calling 702.943.0315

    Does Phone Answering USA provide Live 9am to 5pm Live Answering in Washington?

    Phone Answering USA provides a Pay Per Call Live 9-5 Answering Service in Washington. These call packages are designed for the company that does not need 24/7 phone answering and wishes to pay per call not per minute. It is a simple way to understand what your monthly cost will be month in and month out.

    Live 9am – 5pm Standard and Premium Package Differentiated:

    Standard Live Answering

    Calls personally answered/ Live Message Receiving/ forwarding call to voice mail, Monday – Friday, 9am – 5pm local time (except holidays). $1 per call over allotted package.

    Premium Live Answering

    Calls personally answered/ screened/ forwarded per your instruction, allowing you to decide whether to accept the call, Monday – Friday, 9am – 5pm local time (except holidays). $1 per call over allotted package.

    Find-Me / Follow-Me: Live efforts to forward your calls, allowing you to not miss that important call.

    Both Standard and Premium packages provide:

    • Off-hour automated reception with up to 7 extensions – Auto-attendant answering of calls in your company’s name with up to 3 dialing options for callers external client number(s). Unlimited Long Distance Continental U.S.
    • Custom greeting for Off-hours – Your company branding when your line is answered.
    • Flat Rate Monthly Call Bundles – You choose the amount of bundled calls monthly for your services and receive one-set price.
    • Local Number – Local Number that is uniquely yours while employing our services.
    • Voice-mail Message to Email – Receive Voice-mails to email and hear it as a .wav file, saving long-distance charges in lieu of calling in to check your messages.
    • Music on Hold – Callers hear music when on hold or while waiting to connect.
    • Text Message Notification to Cell Phone – Receive your messages taken live by receptionist and sent by text to your mobile phone.
    • Call Time Scheduler – Calls can be routed a certain way during business hours (9-5) and a different way after-hours.

    This Package can be purchased on our website or by calling 702.943.0315

    Does Phone Answering USA provide 24/7 Phone Answering services in Washington?

    Phone Answering USA provides a suite of Phone Answering 24/7 Services in Washington. All the service packages are custom to fit any companies’ needs.

    Categories:

    • Answering Services
    • Live Receptionist
    • Order Entry
    • Scheduling
    • Call Center
    • Help Desk

    24/7 Service Defined:

    • Absentee Reporting – Agents can answer your employee reporting line and document employee absences at a minimal cost of hiring full or part-time staff.
    • Ad Response – Agents can service and manage the responses to targeted advertising campaigns, website advertising, newspapers, radio, and direct mailings.
    • Answering Service – Experienced agents can answer your line 24/7; collect the information you require; and promptly forward it to you.
    • Directory Service – Provide your callers with the nearest location of your store, service center, or dealer.
    • Disaster Recovery Back-up – Prevent your phones from being unanswered during crisis by utilizing our answering service.
    • E-Mail Read & Response – Agents ca read and respond to your e-mail in a prompt and professional manner using your templates or scripted guidance.
    • Help Desk – Utilizing the information you provide, agents will answer your line and help the caller get the right information for their questions or concerns.
    • Insurance – Professional Agents will answer your line and collect the claims information you require.
    • Marketing Collateral Request Service – Professional agents will answer your line and record the name and address of the caller requesting your catalog, literature, or other information.
    • Medical Answering – Courteous Agents will provide answering for doctors, clinics, and hospitals. HIPAA compliant.
    • Order Entry – Professional agents can take orders for your products and services.
    • Overflow – Outsource your office phones to relieve overburdening your in-house resources.
    • Property Management Services – Agents can handle property inquiries and maintenance dispatching 24/7.
    • Scheduling – Agents will answer your line and schedule appointments and/or provide reminder follow-up calls. Agents can answer your line to schedule your seminar, class, conference, or event.

    These packages can be purchased by contact us through our website or calling 702.943.0315

    State of Washington

    Washington is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States located north of Oregon, west of Idaho, and south of the Canadian province of British Columbia on the coast of the Pacific Ocean. Named after George Washington, the first President of the United States, the state was carved out of the western part of the Washington Territory which had been ceded by Britain in 1846 by the Oregon Treaty as a settlement of the Oregon Boundary Dispute. It was admitted to the Union as the 42nd state in 1889.
    Washington is the 18th most extensive and the 13th most populous of the 50 United States. Approximately 60 percent of Washington’s residents live in the Seattle metropolitan area, the center of transportation, business, and industry along the Puget Sound region of the Salish Sea, an inlet of the Pacific consisting of numerous islands, deep fjords, and bays carved out by glaciers. The remainder of the state consists of deep rainforests in the west, mountain ranges in the west, center, northeast and far southeast, and a semi-arid eastern basin given over to intensive agriculture. Washington is the second most populous state on the west coast and in the western United States after California.
    Washington is a leading lumber producer. Its rugged surface is rich in stands of Douglas fir, hemlock, ponderosa and white pine, spruce, larch, and cedar. The state holds first place in apples, lentils, dry edible peas, hops, pears, red raspberries, spearmint oil, and sweet cherries, and ranks high in apricots, asparagus, grapes, peppermint oil, and potatoes. Livestock and livestock products make important contributions to total farm revenue and the commercial fishing catch of salmon, halibut, and bottomfish makes a significant contribution to the state’s economy.
    Manufacturing industries in Washington include aircraft and missiles, shipbuilding and other transportation equipment, lumber, food processing, metals and metal products, chemicals, and machinery. Washington has over 1,000 dams, including the Grand Coulee, built for a variety of purposes including irrigation, power, flood control, and water storage.
    Although the proper vernacular should be “The State of Washington,” it is often reversed and referred to as “Washington State” to distinguish it from Washington, D.C., also named for George Washington. Another nickname is “the Evergreen State.” Its largest city is Seattle, situated in the west, followed by Spokane, located in the east, and its capital is Olympia.

    Name

    Washington was named after George Washington, the first President of the United States, and is the only U.S. state named after a president. To distinguish it from the U.S. capital, Washington is often awkwardly referred to as Washington state as opposed to the more conventional “The State of Washington”. However, Washingtonians (residents of Washington) and many residents of neighboring states and Canadians from southern British Columbia normally refer to the state simply as “Washington”, while usually referring to the nation’s capital as “Washington, D.C.” or simply “D.C.” The area was originally called “Columbia” after the Columbia River; however, to avoid confusion with the District of Columbia, the area was renamed Washington.

    Geography

    Washington is the north-western most state of the contiguous United States. Its northern border lies mostly along the 49th parallel, and then via marine boundaries through the Strait of Georgia, Haro Strait and Strait of Juan de Fuca, with the Canadian province of British Columbia to the north. Washington borders Oregon to the south, with the Columbia River forming the western part and the 46th parallel forming the eastern part of the southern boundary.
    To the east, Washington borders Idaho, bounded mostly by the meridian running north from the confluence of the Snake River and Clearwater River (about 116°57′ west), except for the southernmost section where the border follows the Snake River. To the west of Washington lies the Pacific Ocean. Washington was a Union territory during the American Civil War, although it never actually participated in the war.
    Washington is part of a region known as the Pacific Northwest, a term which always includes Washington and Oregon and may or may not include Idaho, western Montana, northern California, and part or all of British Columbia, Alaska, and the Yukon Territory, depending on the user’s intent.
    The high mountains of the Cascade Range run north-south, bisecting the state. Western Washington, from the Cascades westward, has a mostly marine west coast climate with mild temperatures and wet winters, autumns, and springs, and relatively dry summers. Western Washington also supports dense forests of conifers and areas of temperate rain forest. These deep forests of the Olympic Peninsula, such as the Hoh Rainforest, are among the only temperate rainforests in the continental United States.
    In contrast, Eastern Washington, east of the Cascades, has a relatively dry climate with large areas of semiarid steppe and a few truly arid deserts lying in the rainshadow of the Cascades; the Hanford reservation receives an average annual precipitation of between six and seven inches (178 mm). Farther east, the climate becomes less arid, increasing as one goes east to 21.2 inches (538 mm) in Pullman. The Palouse southeast region of Washington was grassland that has been mostly converted into farmland. Other parts of eastern Washington are forested and mountainous.
    Washington also is home to several other mountain ranges, the most prominent of which are the Olympic Mountains, far west on the Olympic peninsula; the Kettle River Range in the northeast; and the Blue Mountains in the southeast. The Cascade Range contains several volcanoes, which reach altitudes significantly higher than the rest of the mountains. From the north to the south these volcanoes are Mount Baker, Glacier Peak, Mount Rainier, Mount St. Helens, and Mount Adams. Mount St. Helens is currently the only Washington volcano that is actively erupting; however, all of them are considered active volcanoes. Mount Rainier, the tallest mountain in the state,] is 50 miles (80 km) south of the city of Seattle, from which it is prominently visible. The 14,411-foot (4,392 m)-tall Mt. Rainier is considered the most dangerous volcano in the continental U.S., due to its proximity to the Seattle metropolitan area and is similarly listed as a Decade Volcano. It is also covered with more glacial ice than any other peak in the lower 48 states

    Climate

    Washington’s climate varies greatly from west to east. An oceanic climate (also called “west coast marine climate”) predominates in western Washington, and a much drier semi-arid climate prevails east of the Cascade Range. Major factors determining Washington’s climate include the large semi-permanent high pressure and low pressure systems of the north Pacific Ocean, the continental air masses of North America, and the Olympic and Cascade mountains. In the spring and summer, a high pressure anticyclone system dominates the north Pacific Ocean, causing air to spiral out in a clockwise fashion.
    For Washington this means prevailing winds from the northwest bringing relatively cool air and a predictably dry season. In the autumn and winter, a low pressure cyclone system takes over in the north Pacific Ocean, with air spiraling inward in a counter-clockwise fashion. This causes Washington’s prevailing winds to come from the southwest, bringing relatively warm and moist air masses and a predictably wet season. The term Pineapple Express is used to describe the extreme form of this wet season pattern.
    Despite western Washington having a marine climate similar to those of many coastal cities of Europe, there are exceptions such as the “Big Snow” events of 1880, 1881, 1893 and 1916 and the “deep freeze” winters of 1883-84, 1915-16, 1949-50 and 1955-56, among others. During these events western Washington experienced up to 6 feet (1.8 m) of snow, sub-zero (-18 °C) temperatures, three months with snow on the ground, and lakes and rivers frozen over for weeks. Seattle’s lowest officially recorded temperature is 0 °F (-18 °C) set on January 31, 1950, but low-altitude areas approximately three hours away from Seattle have recorded lows as cold as -48 °F (-44 °C).
    In 2006, the Climate Impacts Group at the University of Washington published The Impacts of Climate change in Washington’s Economy, a preliminary assessment on the risks and opportunities presented given the possibility of a rise in global temperatures and their effects on Washington state.

    Rain shadow effects

    Rainfall in Washington varies dramatically going from east to west. The western side of the Olympic Peninsula receives as much as 160 inches (4,100 mm) of precipitation annually, making it the wettest area of the 48 conterminous states and a temperate rainforest. Weeks or even months may pass without a clear day. The western slopes of the Cascade Range receive some of the heaviest annual snowfall (in some places more than 200 inches (510 cm) water equivalent) in the country. In the rain shadow area east of the Cascades, the annual precipitation is only 6 inches (150 mm). Precipitation then increases again eastward toward the Rocky Mountains.
    The Olympic mountains and Cascades compound this climatic pattern by causing orographic lift of the air masses blown inland from the Pacific Ocean, resulting in the windward side of the mountains receiving high levels of precipitation and the leeward side receiving low levels. This occurs most dramatically around the Olympic Mountains and the Cascade Range. In both cases the windward slopes facing southwest receive high precipitation and mild, cool temperatures. While the Puget Sound lowlands are known for clouds and rain in the winter, the western slopes of the Cascades receive larger amounts of precipitation, often falling as snow at higher elevations. (Mount Baker, near the state’s northern border, is one of the snowiest places in the world: in 1999, it set the world record for snowfall in a single season: 1,140 inches, or 95 feet (29 m).
    East of the Cascades, a large region experiences strong rain shadow effects. Semi-arid conditions occur in much of eastern Washington with the strongest rain shadow effects at the relatively low elevations of the central Columbia Plateau-especially the region just east of the Columbia River from about the Snake River to the Okanagan Highland. Thus instead of rain forests much of eastern Washington is covered with grassland and shrub-steppe.

    Temperatures

    The average annual temperature ranges from 51 °F (11 °C) on the Pacific coast to 40 °F (4 °C) in the northeast. The lowest temperature recorded in the state was -48 °F (-44 °C) in Winthrop and Mazama. The highest recorded temperature in the state was 118 °F (48 °C) at Ice Harbor Dam. Both records were set east of the Cascades. Western Washington is known for its mild climate, considerable fog, frequent cloud cover and long-lasting drizzles in the winter, and warm, temperate summers. The western region occasionally experiences extreme climate. Arctic cold fronts in the winter and heat waves in the summer are not uncommon. In the Western region, temperatures have reached as high as 112 °F (44 °C) in Marietta and as low as -20 °F (-29 °C) in Longview.

    History

    Early history

    The skeletal remains of Kennewick Man, one of the oldest and most complete human remains ever found in North America, were discovered in Washington. Prior to the arrival of explorers from Europe, the region had many established tribes of Native Americans, notable for their totem poles and their ornately carved canoes and masks. Prominent among their industries were salmon fishing and, notably among the Makah, whale hunting. The peoples of the Interior had a very different subsistence-based culture based on hunting, food-gathering and some forms of agriculture, as well as a dependency on salmon from the Columbia and its tributaries. The smallpox epidemic of the 1770s devastated the Native American population.

    European exploration

    The first recorded European landing on the Washington coast was by Spanish Captain Don Bruno de Heceta in 1775, on board the Santiago, part of a two-ship flotilla with the Sonora. He claimed all the coastal lands up to Prince William Sound for Spain as part of their claimed rights under the Treaty of Tordesillas, which they maintained made the Pacific a “Spanish lake” and all its shores part of the Spanish Empire.
    In 1778, British explorer Captain James Cook sighted Cape Flattery, at the entrance to the Strait of Juan de Fuca, but Cook did not realize the strait existed. It was not discovered until Charles William Barkley, captain of the Imperial Eagle, sighted it in 1787. The straits were further explored by Spanish explorers Manuel Quimper in 1790 and Francisco de Eliza in 1791, and British explorer George Vancouver in 1792.

    Settlement

    The British-Spanish Nootka Convention of 1790 ended Spanish claims of exclusivity and opened the Northwest Coast to explorers and traders from other nations, most notably Britain and Russia as well as the fledgling United States. American captain Robert Gray (for whom Grays Harbor County is named) then discovered the mouth of the Columbia River. He named the river after his ship, the Columbia. Beginning in 1792, Gray established trade in sea otter pelts. The Lewis and Clark Expedition entered the state on October 10, 1805.
    Explorer David Thompson, on his voyage down the Columbia River camped at the junction with the Snake River on July 9, 1811, and erected a pole and a notice claiming the country for Great Britain and stating the intention of the North West Company to build a trading post at the site.
    Britain and the United States agreed to what has since been described as “joint occupancy” of lands west of the Continental Divide to the Pacific Ocean as part of the Anglo-American Convention of 1818, which established the 49th Parallel as the international boundary west from Lake of the Woods to the Rocky Mountains. Resolution of the territorial and treaty issues, west to the Pacific, were deferred until a later time. Spain, in 1819, ceded their rights north of the 42nd Parallel to the United States, although these rights did not include possession.

    Negotiations with Great Britain over the next few decades failed to settle upon a compromise boundary and the Oregon boundary dispute was highly contested between Britain and the United States. Disputed joint-occupancy by Britain and the U.S. lasted for several decades. With American settlers pouring into Oregon Country, Hudson’s Bay Company, which had previously discouraged settlement because it conflicted with the fur trade, reversed its position in an attempt to maintain British control of the Columbia District.
    Fur trapper James Sinclair, on orders from Sir George Simpson, Governor of the Hudson’s Bay Company, led some 200 settlers from the Red River Colony west in 1841 to settle on Hudson Bay Company farms near Fort Vancouver. The party crossed the Rockies into the Columbia Valley, near present-day Radium Hot Springs, British Columbia, then traveled south-west down the Kootenai River and Columbia River. Despite such efforts, Britain eventually ceded all claims to land south of the 49th parallel to the United States in the Oregon Treaty on June 15, 1846.
    In 1836, a group of missionaries including Marcus Whitman established several missions and Whitman’s own settlement Waiilatpu, in what is now southeastern Washington state, near present day Walla Walla County, in territory of both the Cayuse and the Nez Perce Indian tribes. Whitman’s settlement would in 1843 help the Oregon Trail, the overland emigration route to the west, get established for thousands of emigrants in following decades. Marcus provided medical care for the Native Americans, but when Indian patients – lacking immunity to new, European diseases – died in striking numbers, while at the same time many white patients recovered, they held medicine man Marcus Whitman personally responsible, and murdered Whitman and twelve other white settlers in the Whitman massacre in 1847. This event triggered the Cayuse War between settlers and Indians.
    Fort Nisqually, a farm and trading post of the Hudson’s Bay Company and the first European settlement in the Puget Sound area, was founded in 1833. Black pioneer George Washington Bush and his caucasian wife, Isabella James Bush, from Missouri and Tennessee, respectively, led four white families into the territory and founded New Market, now Tumwater, in 1846. They settled in Washington to avoid Oregon’s discriminatory settlement laws. After them, many more settlers, migrating overland along the Oregon trail, wandered north to settle in the Puget Sound area.

    Statehood

    The growing populace of Oregon Territory north of the Columbia River formally requested a new territory, which was granted by the U.S. government in 1853.] The boundary of Washington Territory initially extended farther east than the present state’s, including what is now the Idaho Panhandle and parts of western Montana, and picked up more land to the southeast that was left behind when Oregon was admitted as a state. The creation of Idaho Territory in 1863 established the final eastern border. Washington became the 42nd state in the United States on November 11, 1889.
    Early prominent industries in the state included agriculture and lumber. In eastern Washington, the Yakima River Valley became known for its apple orchards, while the growth of wheat using dry-farming techniques became particularly productive. Heavy rainfall to the west of the Cascade Range produced dense forests, and the ports along Puget Sound prospered from the manufacturing and shipping of lumber products, particularly the Douglas-fir. Other industries that developed in the state included fishing, salmon canning and mining.

    Industrial Era

    For a long period, Tacoma was noted for its large smelters where gold, silver, copper and lead ores were treated. Seattle was the primary port for trade with Alaska and the rest of the country, and for a time it possessed a large shipbuilding industry. The region around eastern Puget Sound developed heavy industry during the period including World War I and World War II, and the Boeing company became an established icon in the area.
    During the Great Depression, a series of hydroelectric dams were constructed along the Columbia river as part of a project to increase the production of electricity. This culminated in 1941 with the completion of the Grand Coulee Dam, the largest concrete structure in the United States.
    During World War II, the state became a focus for war industries. With the Boeing Company producing many of the nation’s heavy bombers and ports in Seattle, Bremerton, Vancouver, and Tacoma were available for the manufacture of warships. Seattle was the point of departure for many soldiers in the Pacific, a number of which were quartered at Golden Gardens Park. In eastern Washington, the Hanford Works atomic energy plant was opened in 1943 and played a major role in the construction of the nation’s atomic bombs.
    On May 18, 1980, following a period of heavy tremors and eruptions, the northeast face of Mount St. Helens exploded outward, destroying a large part of the top of the volcano. This eruption flattened the forests, killed 57 people, flooded the Columbia River and its tributaries with ash and mud, and blanketed large parts of Washington and other surrounding states in ash, making day look like night.

    Economy

    The 2010 total gross state product for Washington was $351.5 billion, placing it 14th in the nation. The per capita personal income in 2009 was $52,403, 10th in the nation. Significant business within the state include the design and manufacture of aircraft (Boeing), automotive (Paccar), computer software development (Microsoft, Bungie, Amazon.com, Nintendo of America, Valve Corporation), Arena Net, telecom (T-Mobile USA), electronics, biotechnology, aluminum production, lumber and wood products (Weyerhaeuser), mining, beverages (Starbucks, Jones Soda), real estate (John L. Scott), retail (Nordstrom, Eddie Bauer, Car Toys, Costco, R.E.I.), and tourism (Alaska Airlines, Expedia, Inc.). The state has significant amounts of hydroelectric power generation.
    Significant amounts of trade with Asia pass through the ports of the Puget Sound. (See list of United States companies by state.) A Fortune magazine survey of the top 20 Most Admired Companies in the US has 4 Washington based companies in it, Amazon.com, Starbucks, Microsoft, and Costco.
    With the passage of Initiative 1183, the Washington State Liquor Control Board (WSLCB) ended its monopoly of all state liquor store and liquor distribution operations on June 1, 2012.
    Among its resident billionaires, Washington boasts Bill Gates, chairman and former CEO of Microsoft, who, with a net worth of $67 billion, was ranked the second wealthiest man in the world as of February 2013, according to Forbes magazine. Other Washington state billionaires include Paul Allen (Microsoft), Steve Ballmer (Microsoft), Jeff Bezos (Amazon), Craig McCaw (McCaw Cellular Communications), James Jannard (Oakley), Howard Schultz (Starbucks), and Charles Simonyi (Microsoft).
    As of May 2012, the state’s unemployment rate is 8.3 percent.

    Taxes

    The state of Washington is one of only seven states that does not levy a personal income tax. The state also does not collect a corporate income tax or franchise tax. However, Washington businesses are responsible for various other state levies, including the business and occupation tax (B & O), a gross receipts tax which charges varying rates for different types of businesses.
    Washington’s state base sales tax is 6.5 percent which is combined with a local rate. As of April 2010, the rate is 9.5 percent in Seattle and other cities. These taxes apply to services as well as products. Most foods are exempt from sales tax; however, prepared foods, dietary supplements and soft drinks remain taxable. The combined state and local retail sales tax rates increase the taxes paid by consumers, depending on the variable local sales tax rates, generally between 8 and 9 percent.
    An excise tax applies to certain select products such as gasoline, cigarettes, and alcoholic beverages. Property tax was the first tax levied in the state of Washington and its collection accounts for about 30 percent of Washington’s total state and local revenue. It continues to be the most important revenue source for public schools, fire protection, libraries, parks and recreation, and other special purpose districts.
    All real property and personal property is subject to tax unless specifically exempted by law. Personal property also is taxed, although most personal property owned by individuals is exempt. Personal property tax applies to personal property used when conducting business or to other personal property not exempt by law. All property taxes are paid to the county treasurer’s office where the property is located. Washington does not impose a tax on intangible assets such as bank accounts, stocks or bonds. Neither does the state assess any tax on retirement income earned and received from another state. Washington does not collect inheritance taxes; however, the estate tax is decoupled from the federal estate tax laws, and therefore the state imposes its own estate tax.
    Washington’s tax policy differs significantly from neighboring Oregon’s, which levies no sales tax but a very high income tax. This leads to border economic anomalies in the Portland-Vancouver metropolitan area. Additional border economies exist with neighboring Canada.

    Agriculture

    Washington is a leading agricultural state. (The following figures are from the Washington State Office of Financial Management and the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Washington Field Office.) For 2003, the total value of Washington’s agricultural products was $5.79 billion, the 11th highest in the country. The total value of its crops was $3.8 billion, the 7th highest. The total value of its livestock and specialty products was $1.5 billion, the 26th highest.
    In 2004, Washington ranked first in the nation in production of red raspberries (90.0 percent of total U.S. production), wrinkled seed peas (80.6 percent), hops (75.0 percent), spearmint oil (73.6 percent), apples (58.1 percent), sweet cherries (47.3 percent), pears (42.6 percent), peppermint oil (40.3 percent), Concord grapes (39.3 percent), carrots for processing (36.8 percent), and Niagara grapes (31.6 percent). Washington also ranked second in the nation in production of lentils, fall potatoes, dry edible peas, apricots, grapes (all varieties taken together), asparagus (over a third of the nation’s production), sweet corn for processing, and green peas for processing; third in tart cherries, prunes and plums, and dry summer onions; fourth in barley and trout; and fifth in wheat, cranberries, and strawberries.
    The apple industry is of particular importance to Washington. Because of the favorable climate of dry, warm summers and cold winters of central Washington, the state has led the U.S. in apple production since the 1920s. Two areas account for the vast majority of the state’s apple crop: the Wenatchee-Okanogan region (comprising Chelan, Okanogan, Douglas, and Grant counties), and the Yakima region (comprising Yakima, Benton and Kittitas counties).

    Washington wine

    Washington ranks second in the United States in the production of wine, behind only California. By 2006, the state had over 31,000 acres (130 km2) of vineyards, a harvest of 120,000 short tons (109,000 t) of grapes, and exports going to over 40 countries around the world from the 600 wineries located in the state. While there are some viticultural activities in the cooler, wetter western half of the state, the majority (99%) of wine grape production takes place in the desert-like eastern half. The rain shadow of the Cascade Range leaves the Columbia River Basin with around 8 inches (200 mm) of annual rain fall, making irrigation and water rights of paramount interest to the Washington wine industry. Viticulture in the state is also influenced by long sunlight hours (on average, two more hours a day than in California during the growing season) and consistent temperatures.

    Transportation

    Washington has a system of state highways, called State Routes, as well as an extensive ferry system which is the largest in the nation and the third largest in the world. There are 140 public airfields in Washington, including 16 state airports owned by the Washington State Department of Transportation. Boeing Field in Seattle is one of the busiest primary non-hub airports in the US. Seattle-Tacoma International Airport (SeaTac) is the other major airport of greater Seattle. The unique geography of Washington creates exceptional transportation challenges.
    There are extensive waterways in the midst of Washington’s largest cites, including Seattle, Bellevue, Tacoma and Olympia. The state highways incorporate an extensive network of bridges and the largest ferry system in the United States to serve transportation needs in the Puget Sound area. Washington’s marine highway constitutes a fleet of twenty-eight ferries that navigate Puget Sound and its inland waterways to 20 different ports of call, completing close to 147,000 sailings each year. Washington is home to four of the five longest floating bridges in the world: the Evergreen Point Floating Bridge, Lacey V. Murrow Memorial Bridge and Homer M. Hadley Memorial Bridge over Lake Washington, and the Hood Canal Bridge which connects the Olympic Peninsula and Kitsap Peninsula.
    The Cascade Mountain Range also provides unique transportation challenges. Washington operates and maintains roads over seven major mountain passes and eight minor passes. During winter months some of these passes are plowed, sanded, and kept safe with avalanche control. Not all are able to stay open through the winter. The North Cascades Highway, State Route 20, closes every year. This is because the extraordinary amount of snowfall and frequency of avalanches in the area of Washington Pass make it unsafe in the winter months.
    Washington was rated the best state (amongst fifty U.S. states) in the 2011 American State Litter Scorecard, for overall effectiveness and quality of its public space cleanliness from state and related litter/debris removal efforts, unseating Vermont, the previous topmost winner.
    Washington is crossed by a number of freight railroads, and Amtrak’s passenger Cascade route between Eugene, OR and Vancouver, BC is the eighth busiest Amtrak service in the USA and one of the few profitable routes in the system. Public transportation has generally lagged, although the much-delayed link light rail system in the greater Seattle region opened its first line in 2002. Residents of Vancouver have resisted proposals to extend Portland’s mass transit system into Washington.

    Environment

    The 2011 American State Litter Scorecard (mentioned in the Litter in the United States article) rated Washington the nations topmost BEST state, for cleanest public spaces and highest-quality public environmental practices.
    In 2007, Washington became the first state in the nation to target all forms of highly toxic brominated flame retardants known as PBDEs for elimination from the many common household products in which they are used. A 2004 study of 40 mothers from Oregon, Washington, British Columbia, and Montana found PBDEs in the breast milk of every woman tested.
    Three recent studies by the Washington Department of Ecology showed that toxic chemicals banned decades ago continue to linger in the environment and concentrate in the food chain. In one of the studies, state government scientists found unacceptable levels of toxic substances in 93 samples of freshwater fish collected from 45 sites. The toxic substances included PCBs; dioxins, two chlorinated pesticides, DDE and dieldrin, and PBDEs. As a result of the study, the department will investigate the sources of PCBs in the Wenatchee River, where unhealthy levels of PCBs were found in mountain whitefish. Based on the 2007 information and a previous 2004 Ecology study, the Washington Department of Health is advising the public not to eat mountain whitefish from the Wenatchee River from Leavenworth downstream to where the river joins the Columbia, due to unhealthy levels of PCBs. Study results also indicated high levels of contaminants in fish tissue that scientists collected from Lake Washington and the Spokane River, where fish consumption advisories are already in effect.
    On March 27, 2006, Governor Christine Gregoire signed into law the recently approved House Bill 2322. This bill would limit phosphorus content in dishwashing detergents statewide to 0.5 percent over the next six years. Though the ban would be effective statewide in 2010, it would take place in Whatcom County, Spokane County, and Clark County in 2008. A recent discovery had linked high contents of phosphorus in water to a boom in algae population. An invasive amount of algae in bodies of water would eventually lead to a variety of excess ecological and technological issues.