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Phone Answering Service in West Virginia

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    • 1 to 3 days

      Charleston

      24/7 Voicemail Reception

      9 – 5 Live Answering

      24/7 Custom Solutions

      Starts at $20/month

  • CHARLESTON

  • ACCOVILLE

  • ADRIAN

  • ADVENT

  • ALBRIGHT

  • ALDERSON

  • ALKOL

  • ALLEN JUNCTION

  • ALLOY

  • ALMA

  • ALUM BRIDGE

  • ALUM CREEK

  • AMHERSTDALE

  • AMIGO

  • AMMA

  • ANAWALT

  • ANMOORE

  • ANSTED

  • APPLE GROVE

  • ARBOVALE

  • ARNETT

  • ARNOLDSBURG

  • ARTHURDALE

  • ARTIE

  • ASBURY

  • ASHFORD

  • ASHTON

  • ATHENS

  • AUBURN

  • AUGUSTA

  • AURORA

  • AVONDALE

  • BAISDEN

  • BAKER

  • BAKERTON

  • BALLARD

  • BANCROFT

  • BARBOURSVILLE

  • BARRACKVILLE

  • BARTLEY

  • BARTOW

  • BAXTER

  • BAYARD

  • BEAVER

  • BECKLEY

  • BEECH BOTTOM

  • BEESON

  • BELINGTON

  • BELLE

  • BELLEVILLE

  • BELMONT

  • BELVA

  • BENWOOD

  • BEREA

  • BERGOO

  • BERKELEY SPRINGS

  • BERWIND

  • BETHANY

  • BEVERLY

  • BICKMORE

  • BIG BEND

  • BIG CREEK

  • BIG RUN

  • BIG SANDY

  • BIG SPRINGS

  • BIM

  • BIRCH RIVER

  • BLACKSVILLE

  • BLAIR

  • BLOOMERY

  • BLOOMINGROSE

  • BLOUNT

  • BLUE CREEK

  • BLUEFIELD

  • BOB WHITE

  • BOLT

  • BOMONT

  • BOOMER

  • BORDERLAND

  • BOWDEN

  • BRADLEY

  • BRADSHAW

  • BRAMWELL

  • BRANCHLAND

  • BRANDYWINE

  • BREEDEN

  • BRENTON

  • BRETZ

  • BRIDGEPORT

  • BROHARD

  • BRUCETON MILLS

  • BRUNO

  • BUCKEYE

  • BUCKHANNON

  • BUD

  • BUFFALO

  • BUNKER HILL

  • BURLINGTON

  • BURNSVILLE

  • BURTON

  • CABIN CREEK

  • CABINS

  • CAIRO

  • CALDWELL

  • CALVIN

  • CAMDEN

  • CAMDEN ON GAULEY

  • CAMERON

  • CAMP CREEK

  • CANNELTON

  • CANVAS

  • CAPON BRIDGE

  • CAPON SPRINGS

  • CAROLINA

  • CASS

  • CASSVILLE

  • CEDAR GROVE

  • CEDARVILLE

  • CENTER POINT

  • CEREDO

  • CHAPMANVILLE

  • CHARLES TOWN

  • CHARLTON HEIGHTS

  • CHARMCO

  • CHATTAROY

  • CHAUNCEY

  • CHESTER

  • CHLOE

  • CIRCLEVILLE

  • CLARKSBURG

  • CLAY

  • CLEAR CREEK

  • CLEAR FORK

  • CLENDENIN

  • CLEVELAND

  • CLOTHIER

  • COAL CITY

  • COAL MOUNTAIN

  • COALTON

  • COLCORD

  • COLFAX

  • COLLIERS

  • COMFORT

  • COOL RIDGE

  • COPEN

  • CORA

  • CORINNE

  • COSTA

  • COTTAGEVILLE

  • COVEL

  • COWEN

  • COXS MILLS

  • CRAB ORCHARD

  • CRAIGSVILLE

  • CRAWFORD

  • CRAWLEY

  • CRESTON

  • CRUM

  • CUCUMBER

  • CULLODEN

  • CYCLONE

  • DAILEY

  • DALLAS

  • DANESE

  • DANIELS

  • DANVILLE

  • DAVIN

  • DAVIS

  • DAVISVILLE

  • DAVY

  • DAWES

  • DEEP WATER

  • DELBARTON

  • DELLSLOW

  • DELRAY

  • DIANA

  • DILLE

  • DINGESS

  • DIXIE

  • DOROTHY

  • DOTHAN

  • DRENNEN

  • DRY CREEK

  • DRYBRANCH

  • DRYFORK

  • DUCK

  • DUNBAR

  • DUNLOW

  • DUNMORE

  • DURBIN

  • EAST BANK

  • EAST LYNN

  • ECCLES

  • ECKMAN

  • EDGARTON

  • EDMOND

  • EGLON

  • ELBERT

  • ELEANOR

  • ELIZABETH

  • ELK GARDEN

  • ELKHORN

  • ELKINS

  • ELKVIEW

  • ELLAMORE

  • ELLENBORO

  • ELTON

  • ENTERPRISE

  • ERBACON

  • ESKDALE

  • ETHEL

  • EVANS

  • EXCHANGE

  • FAIRDALE

  • FAIRLEA

  • FAIRMONT

  • FAIRVIEW

  • FALLING ROCK

  • FALLING WATERS

  • FANROCK

  • FARMINGTON

  • FAYETTEVILLE

  • FENWICK

  • FISHER

  • FLAT TOP

  • FLATWOODS

  • FLEMINGTON

  • FOLLANSBEE

  • FOLSOM

  • FOREST HILL

  • FORT ASHBY

  • FORT GAY

  • FOSTER

  • FOUR STATES

  • FRAMETOWN

  • FRANKFORD

  • FRANKLIN

  • FRAZIERS BOTTOM

  • FREEMAN

  • FRENCH CREEK

  • FRENCHTON

  • FRIENDLY

  • GALLAGHER

  • GALLIPOLIS FERRY

  • GALLOWAY

  • GANDEEVILLE

  • GAP MILLS

  • GARY

  • GASSAWAY

  • GAULEY BRIDGE

  • GAY

  • GENOA

  • GERRARDSTOWN

  • GHENT

  • GILBERT

  • GILBOA

  • GIVEN

  • GLADY

  • GLASGOW

  • GLEN

  • GLEN DALE

  • GLEN DANIEL

  • GLEN EASTON

  • GLEN FERRIS

  • GLEN FORK

  • GLEN JEAN

  • GLEN ROGERS

  • GLEN WHITE

  • GLENGARY

  • GLENVILLE

  • GLENWOOD

  • GORDON

  • GORMANIA

  • GRAFTON

  • GRANT TOWN

  • GRANTSVILLE

  • GRANVILLE

  • GRASSY MEADOWS

  • GREAT CACAPON

  • GREEN BANK

  • GREEN SPRING

  • GREEN SULPHUR SPRINGS

  • GREENVILLE

  • GRIFFITHSVILLE

  • GYPSY

  • HACKER VALLEY

  • HALLTOWN

  • HAMBLETON

  • HAMLIN

  • HANDLEY

  • HANOVER

  • HANSFORD

  • HARMAN

  • HARPER

  • HARPERS FERRY

  • HARRISVILLE

  • HARTFORD

  • HARTS

  • HAYWOOD

  • HEATERS

  • HEDGESVILLE

  • HELEN

  • HELVETIA

  • HEMPHILL

  • HENDERSON

  • HENDRICKS

  • HENLAWSON

  • HENSLEY

  • HEPZIBAH

  • HERNDON

  • HERNSHAW

  • HEWETT

  • HIAWATHA

  • HICO

  • HIGH VIEW

  • HILLSBORO

  • HILLTOP

  • HINTON

  • HOLDEN

  • HOMETOWN

  • HORNER

  • HUGHESTON

  • HUNDRED

  • HUNTINGTON

  • HURRICANE

  • HUTTONSVILLE

  • IAEGER

  • IDAMAY

  • IKES FORK

  • INDEPENDENCE

  • INDORE

  • INSTITUTE

  • INWOOD

  • IRELAND

  • ISABAN

  • ITMANN

  • IVYDALE

  • JACKSONBURG

  • JANE LEW

  • JEFFREY

  • JENKINJONES

  • JESSE

  • JOLO

  • JOSEPHINE

  • JULIAN

  • JUMPING BRANCH

  • JUNIOR

  • JUSTICE

  • KANAWHA FALLS

  • KANAWHA HEAD

  • KEARNEYSVILLE

  • KEGLEY

  • KELLYSVILLE

  • KENNA

  • KENOVA

  • KERENS

  • KERMIT

  • KESLERS CROSS LANES

  • KEYSER

  • KIAHSVILLE

  • KIMBALL

  • KIMBERLY

  • KINCAID

  • KINGMONT

  • KINGWOOD

  • KISTLER

  • KOPPERSTON

  • KYLE

  • LAHMANSVILLE

  • LAKE

  • LANARK

  • LANSING

  • LASHMEET

  • LAVALETTE

  • LAYLAND

  • LE ROY

  • LEFT HAND

  • LEIVASY

  • LENORE

  • LEON

  • LERONA

  • LESAGE

  • LESLIE

  • LESTER

  • LETART

  • LEVELS

  • LEWISBURG

  • LIBERTY

  • LINDSIDE

  • LINN

  • LITTLE BIRCH

  • LITTLETON

  • LIZEMORES

  • LOCHGELLY

  • LOGAN

  • LONDON

  • LOOKOUT

  • LOONEYVILLE

  • LORADO

  • LORENTZ

  • LOST CITY

  • LOST CREEK

  • LUMBERPORT

  • LYBURN

  • LYNCO

  • MABEN

  • MABIE

  • MABSCOTT

  • MAC ARTHUR

  • MACFARLAN

  • MADISON

  • MAIDSVILLE

  • MALLORY

  • MAMMOTH

  • MAN

  • MANNINGTON

  • MARIANNA

  • MARLINTON

  • MARTINSBURG

  • MASON

  • MASONTOWN

  • MATEWAN

  • MATHENY

  • MATHIAS

  • MATOAKA

  • MAXWELTON

  • MAYBEURY

  • MAYSEL

  • MAYSVILLE

  • MC GRAWS

  • MCMECHEN

  • MEADOW BRIDGE

  • MEADOW CREEK

  • MEADOWBROOK

  • METZ

  • MIAMI

  • MIDDLEBOURNE

  • MIDKIFF

  • MIDWAY

  • MILAM

  • MILL CREEK

  • MILLSTONE

  • MILLVILLE

  • MILLWOOD

  • MILTON

  • MINDEN

  • MINERAL WELLS

  • MOATSVILLE

  • MOHAWK

  • MONTANA MINES

  • MONTCALM

  • MONTERVILLE

  • MONTGOMERY

  • MONTROSE

  • MOOREFIELD

  • MORGANTOWN

  • MOUNDSVILLE

  • MOUNT ALTO

  • MOUNT CARBON

  • MOUNT CLARE

  • MOUNT GAY

  • MOUNT HOPE

  • MOUNT LOOKOUT

  • MOUNT NEBO

  • MOUNT OLIVE

  • MOUNT STORM

  • MOUNT ZION

  • MULLENS

  • MUNDAY

  • MYRA

  • NALLEN

  • NAOMA

  • NAPIER

  • NAUGATUCK

  • NEBO

  • NELLIS

  • NEMOURS

  • NETTIE

  • NEW CREEK

  • NEW CUMBERLAND

  • NEW HAVEN

  • NEW MANCHESTER

  • NEW MARTINSVILLE

  • NEW MILTON

  • NEW RICHMOND

  • NEWBURG

  • NEWELL

  • NEWHALL

  • NEWTON

  • NEWTOWN

  • NIMITZ

  • NITRO

  • NORMANTOWN

  • NORTH MATEWAN

  • NORTH SPRING

  • NORTHFORK

  • NORTON

  • OAK HILL

  • OCEANA

  • ODD

  • OLD FIELDS

  • OMAR

  • ONA

  • ONEGO

  • ORGAS

  • ORLANDO

  • ORMA

  • OSAGE

  • OTTAWA

  • PADEN CITY

  • PAGE

  • PAGETON

  • PALESTINE

  • PANTHER

  • PARKERSBURG

  • PARSONS

  • PAW PAW

  • PAX

  • PAYNESVILLE

  • PEACH CREEK

  • PECKS MILL

  • PENCE SPRINGS

  • PENNSBORO

  • PENTRESS

  • PETERSBURG

  • PETERSTOWN

  • PETROLEUM

  • PEYTONA

  • PHILIPPI

  • PICKENS

  • PIEDMONT

  • PINCH

  • PINE GROVE

  • PINEVILLE

  • PINEY VIEW

  • PIPESTEM

  • POCA

  • POINT PLEASANT

  • POINTS

  • POND GAP

  • POOL

  • PORTERS FALLS

  • POWELLTON

  • PRATT

  • PREMIER

  • PRICHARD

  • PRINCE

  • PRINCETON

  • PRINCEWICK

  • PROCIOUS

  • PROCTOR

  • PROSPERITY

  • PULLMAN

  • PURGITSVILLE

  • PURSGLOVE

  • QUINWOOD

  • RACHEL

  • RACINE

  • RAGLAND

  • RAINELLE

  • RALEIGH

  • RANGER

  • RANSON

  • RAVENCLIFF

  • RAVENSWOOD

  • RAWL

  • RAYSAL

  • READER

  • RED CREEK

  • RED HOUSE

  • RED JACKET

  • REEDSVILLE

  • REEDY

  • RENICK

  • REYNOLDSVILLE

  • RHODELL

  • RICHWOOD

  • RIDGELEY

  • RIDGEVIEW

  • RIDGEWAY

  • RIO

  • RIPLEY

  • RIPPON

  • RIVERTON

  • RIVESVILLE

  • ROBSON

  • ROCK

  • ROCK CAVE

  • ROCK CREEK

  • ROCK VIEW

  • ROCKPORT

  • RODERFIELD

  • ROMNEY

  • RONCEVERTE

  • ROSEDALE

  • ROSEMONT

  • ROWLESBURG

  • RUPERT

  • SABINE

  • SAINT ALBANS

  • SAINT MARYS

  • SALEM

  • SALT ROCK

  • SAND FORK

  • SANDSTONE

  • SANDYVILLE

  • SARAH ANN

  • SAULSVILLE

  • SAXON

  • SCARBRO

  • SCOTT DEPOT

  • SECONDCREEK

  • SELBYVILLE

  • SENECA ROCKS

  • SETH

  • SHADY SPRING

  • SHANKS

  • SHARPLES

  • SHENANDOAH JUNCTION

  • SHEPHERDSTOWN

  • SHINNSTON

  • SHIRLEY

  • SHOALS

  • SHOCK

  • SHORT CREEK

  • SIMON

  • SIMPSON

  • SINKS GROVE

  • SISTERSVILLE

  • SKELTON

  • SLAB FORK

  • SLANESVILLE

  • SLATYFORK

  • SMITHBURG

  • SMITHERS

  • SMITHFIELD

  • SMITHVILLE

  • SMOOT

  • SNOWSHOE

  • SOD

  • SOPHIA

  • SOUTHSIDE

  • SPANISHBURG

  • SPELTER

  • SPENCER

  • SPRING DALE

  • SPRINGFIELD

  • SPURLOCKVILLE

  • SQUIRE

  • STANAFORD

  • STEPHENSON

  • STOLLINGS

  • SUGAR GROVE

  • SUMERCO

  • SUMMERSVILLE

  • SUMMIT POINT

  • SURVEYOR

  • SUTTON

  • SWISS

  • SWITCHBACK

  • SWITZER

  • SYLVESTER

  • TAD

  • TALCOTT

  • TALLMANSVILLE

  • TEAYS

  • TERRA ALTA

  • THOMAS

  • THORNTON

  • THORPE

  • THURMOND

  • TIOGA

  • TORNADO

  • TRIADELPHIA

  • TROY

  • TUNNELTON

  • TURTLE CREEK

  • TWILIGHT

  • UNEEDA

  • UNION

  • UPPER TRACT

  • UPPERGLADE

  • VALLEY BEND

  • VALLEY GROVE

  • VALLEY HEAD

  • VAN

  • VARNEY

  • VERDUNVILLE

  • VERNER

  • VICTOR

  • VIENNA

  • VOLGA

  • WAITEVILLE

  • WALKER

  • WALKERSVILLE

  • WALLACE

  • WALLBACK

  • WALTON

  • WANA

  • WAR

  • WARDENSVILLE

  • WARRIORMINE

  • WASHINGTON

  • WAVERLY

  • WAYNE

  • WAYSIDE

  • WEBSTER SPRINGS

  • WEIRTON

  • WELCH

  • WELLSBURG

  • WEST COLUMBIA

  • WEST HAMLIN

  • WEST LIBERTY

  • WEST MILFORD

  • WEST UNION

  • WESTON

  • WHARNCLIFFE

  • WHARTON

  • WHEELING

  • WHITE OAK

  • WHITE SULPHUR SPRINGS

  • WHITESVILLE

  • WHITMAN

  • WHITMER

  • WIDEN

  • WILCOE

  • WILEY FORD

  • WILKINSON

  • WILLIAMSBURG

  • WILLIAMSON

  • WILLIAMSTOWN

  • WILSONBURG

  • WILSONDALE

  • WINDSOR HEIGHTS

  • WINFIELD

  • WINIFREDE

  • WINONA

  • WOLFCREEK

  • WOLFE

  • WOODVILLE

  • WORTHINGTON

  • WYATT

  • WYCO

  • WYOMING

  • YAWKEY

  • YELLOW SPRING

  • YOLYN
  • Does Phone Answering USA provide Automated Reception Services in West Virginia?

    Phone Answering USA provides Automated Reception Services in West Virginia. This package is simple and cost effective. This package includes a local phone number, unlimited calls, unlimited local & long distance minutes (in the continental US), unlimited call forwarding and up to 7 extensions.

    This package can be purchased on our website or by calling 702.943.0315

    Does Phone Answering USA provide Live 9am to 5pm Live Answering in West Virginia?

    Phone Answering USA provides a Pay Per Call Live 9-5 Answering Service in West Virginia. These call packages are designed for the company that does not need 24/7 phone answering and wishes to pay per call not per minute. It is a simple way to understand what your monthly cost will be month in and month out.

    Live 9am – 5pm Standard and Premium Package Differentiated:

    Standard Live Answering

    Calls personally answered/ Live Message Receiving/ forwarding call to voice mail, Monday – Friday, 9am – 5pm local time (except holidays). $1 per call over allotted package.

    Premium Live Answering

    Calls personally answered/ screened/ forwarded per your instruction, allowing you to decide whether to accept the call, Monday – Friday, 9am – 5pm local time (except holidays). $1 per call over allotted package.

    Find-Me / Follow-Me: Live efforts to forward your calls, allowing you to not miss that important call.

    Both Standard and Premium packages provide:

    • Off-hour automated reception with up to 7 extensions – Auto-attendant answering of calls in your company’s name with up to 3 dialing options for callers external client number(s). Unlimited Long Distance Continental U.S.
    • Custom greeting for Off-hours – Your company branding when your line is answered.
    • Flat Rate Monthly Call Bundles – You choose the amount of bundled calls monthly for your services and receive one-set price.
    • Local Number – Local Number that is uniquely yours while employing our services.
    • Voice-mail Message to Email – Receive Voice-mails to email and hear it as a .wav file, saving long-distance charges in lieu of calling in to check your messages.
    • Music on Hold – Callers hear music when on hold or while waiting to connect.
    • Text Message Notification to Cell Phone – Receive your messages taken live by receptionist and sent by text to your mobile phone.
    • Call Time Scheduler – Calls can be routed a certain way during business hours (9-5) and a different way after-hours.

    This Package can be purchased on our website or by calling 702.943.0315

    Does Phone Answering USA provide 24/7 Phone Answering services in West Virginia?

    Phone Answering USA provides a suite of Phone Answering 24/7 Services in West Virginia. All the service packages are custom to fit any companies’ needs.

    Categories:

    • Answering Services
    • Live Receptionist
    • Order Entry
    • Scheduling
    • Call Center
    • Help Desk

    24/7 Service Defined:

    • Absentee Reporting – Agents can answer your employee reporting line and document employee absences at a minimal cost of hiring full or part-time staff.
    • Ad Response – Agents can service and manage the responses to targeted advertising campaigns, website advertising, newspapers, radio, and direct mailings.
    • Answering Service – Experienced agents can answer your line 24/7; collect the information you require; and promptly forward it to you.
    • Directory Service – Provide your callers with the nearest location of your store, service center, or dealer.
    • Disaster Recovery Back-up – Prevent your phones from being unanswered during crisis by utilizing our answering service.
    • E-Mail Read & Response – Agents ca read and respond to your e-mail in a prompt and professional manner using your templates or scripted guidance.
    • Help Desk – Utilizing the information you provide, agents will answer your line and help the caller get the right information for their questions or concerns.
    • Insurance – Professional Agents will answer your line and collect the claims information you require.
    • Marketing Collateral Request Service – Professional agents will answer your line and record the name and address of the caller requesting your catalog, literature, or other information.
    • Medical Answering – Courteous Agents will provide answering for doctors, clinics, and hospitals. HIPAA compliant.
    • Order Entry – Professional agents can take orders for your products and services.
    • Overflow – Outsource your office phones to relieve overburdening your in-house resources.
    • Property Management Services – Agents can handle property inquiries and maintenance dispatching 24/7.
    • Scheduling – Agents will answer your line and schedule appointments and/or provide reminder follow-up calls. Agents can answer your line to schedule your seminar, class, conference, or event.

    These packages can be purchased by contact us through our website or calling 702.943.0315

    State of West Virginia

    West Virginia is a U.S. state located in the Appalachian region of the Southern United States. It is bordered by Virginia to the southeast, Kentucky to the southwest, Ohio to the northwest, Pennsylvania to the north, and Maryland to the northeast. West Virginia is the 41st largest by area and the 38th most populous of the 50 United States. The capital and largest city is Charleston.
    West Virginia became a state following the Wheeling Conventions and broke away from Virginia during the American Civil War. The new state was admitted to the Union on June 20, 1863, and was a key Civil War border state. West Virginia was the only state to form by seceding from a Confederate state and was one of two states formed during the American Civil War (the other one being Nevada, which separated from Utah Territory).
    The Census Bureau and the Association of American Geographers classify West Virginia as part of the South. The northern panhandle extends adjacent to Pennsylvania and Ohio, with the West Virginia cities of Wheeling and Weirton just across the border from the Pittsburgh metropolitan area, while Bluefield is less than 70 miles (110 km) from North Carolina. Huntington in the southwest is close to the states of Ohio and Kentucky, while Martinsburg and Harpers Ferry in the Eastern Panhandle region are considered to be a part of the Washington metropolitan area, in between the states of Maryland and Virginia. The unique position of West Virginia means that it is often included in several geographical regions, including the Mid-Atlantic, the Upland South, and the Southeastern United States. It is the only state that is entirely within the area served by the Appalachian Regional Commission; the area is commonly defined as “Appalachia.”
    The state is noted for its mountains and diverse topography, its historically significant logging and coal mining industries, and its political and labor history. It is one of the most densely karstic areas in the world, making it a choice area for recreational caving and scientific research. The karst lands contribute to much of the state’s cool trout waters. It is also known for a wide range of outdoor recreational opportunities, including skiing, whitewater rafting, fishing, hiking, backpacking, mountain biking and hunting.

    Geography

    Located in the Appalachian Mountain range, West Virginia covers an area of 24,229.76 square miles (62,754.8 km2), with 24,077.73 square miles (62,361.0 km2) of land and 152.03 square miles (393.8 km2) of water, making it the 41st-largest state in the United States. West Virginia borders Pennsylvania and Maryland in the northeast, Virginia in the southeast, Ohio in the northwest, and Kentucky in the southwest. Its longest border is with Virginia at 381 miles, followed by Ohio at 243 miles, Maryland 174 miles, Pennsylvania 118 miles and Kentucky at 79 miles.

    Geology and terrain

    West Virginia is located entirely within the Appalachian Region, and the state is almost entirely mountainous, giving reason to the nickname The Mountain State and the motto Montani Semper Liberi (“Mountaineers are always free”). The elevations and ruggedness drop near large rivers like the Ohio River or Shenandoah River. About 75% of the state is within the Cumberland Plateau and Allegheny Plateau regions. Though the relief is not high, the plateau region is extremely rugged in most areas. The average elevation of West Virginia is approximately 1,500 feet (460 m) above sea level, which is the highest of any US state east of the Mississippi River.
    On the eastern state line with Virginia, high peaks in the Monongahela National Forest region give rise to an island of colder climate and ecosystems similar to those of northern New England and eastern Canada. The highest point in the state is atop Spruce Knob, at 4,863 ft (1,482 m), and is covered in a boreal forest of dense spruce trees at altitudes above 4,000 feet (1,200 m). Spruce Knob lies within the Monongahela National Forest and is a part of the Spruce Knob-Seneca Rocks National Recreation Area. A total of six wilderness areas can also be found within the forest. Outside the forest to the south, the New River Gorge is a canyon 1,000 feet (300 m) deep, carved by the New River. The National Park Service manages a portion of the gorge and river that has been designated as the New River Gorge National River, one of only 15 rivers in the U.S. with this level of protection.
    Most of West Virginia lies within the Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests ecoregion, while the higher elevations along the eastern border and in the panhandle lie within the Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests. The native vegetation for most of the state was originally mixed hardwood forest of oak, chestnut, maple, beech, and white pine, with willow and American sycamore along the state’s waterways. Many of the areas are rich in biodiversity and scenic beauty, a fact that is appreciated by native West Virginians, who refer to their home as Almost Heaven (from the song, “Take Me Home, Country Roads” by John Denver). Before the song, it was known as “The Cog State” (Coal, Oil, and Gas) or “The Mountain State.”
    The underlying rock strata are sandstone, shale, bituminous coal beds, and limestone laid down in a near-shore environment from sediments derived from mountains to the east, in a shallow inland sea on the west. Some beds illustrate a coastal swamp environment, some river delta, some shallow water. Sea level rose and fell many times during the Mississippian and Pennsylvanian eras, giving a variety of rock strata. The Appalachian Mountains are some of the oldest on earth, having formed over 300 million years ago.

    Climate

    The climate of West Virginia is a humid subtropical climate (Koppen climate classification Cfa) in some of the lower elevations, primarily in the southwestern portion of the state (including Huntington and Charleston), along with parts of the Eastern Panhandle east of the Appalachians with hot, humid summers and milder winters. The rest of the state generally has a humid continental climate (Koppen climate classification Dfa, except Dfb at the higher elevations) with warm to hot, humid summers and cool to cold winters, increasing in severity with elevation. Some southern highland areas also have a mountain temperate climate (Koppen Cfb) where winter temperatures are more moderate and summer temperatures are somewhat cooler. However, the weather is subject in all parts of the state to change. The hardiness zones range from zone 5b in the central Appalachian mountains to zone 7a in the warmest parts of the lowest elevations. In the Eastern Panhandle and the Ohio River Valley, temperatures are warm enough to see and grow subtropical plants such as Southern magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora), Crepe Myrtle, Albizia julibrissin, American Sweetgum and even the occasional needle palm and sabal minor. These plants do not thrive as well in other parts of the state. The Eastern prickly pear grows well in many portions of the state.
    Average January temperatures range from around 26 °F (-4 °C) near the Cheat River to 41 °F (5 °C) along sections of the border with Kentucky. July averages range from 67 °F (19 °C) along the North Branch Potomac River to 76 °F (24 °C) in the western part of the state. It is cooler in the mountains than in the lower sections of the state. The highest recorded temperature in the state is 112 °F (44 °C) at Martinsburg on July 10, 1936 and the lowest recorded temperature in the state is -37 °F (-38 °C) at Lewisburg on December 30, 1917.
    Annual precipitation ranges from less than 32 inches (81 cm) in the lower eastern section to more than 56 inches (140 cm) in higher parts of the Allegheny Front. Slightly more than half the rainfall occurs from April to September. Dense fogs are common in many valleys of the Kanawha section, especially the Tygart Valley. West Virginia is also one of the cloudiest states in the nation, with the cities of Elkins and Beckley ranking 9th and 10th in the U.S. respectively for the number of cloudy days per year (over 210). In addition to persistent cloudy skies caused by the damming of moisture by the Alleghenies, West Virginia also experiences some of the most frequent precipitation in the nation, with Snowshoe averaging nearly 200 days a year with either rain or snow. Snow usually lasts only a few days in the lower sections but may persist for weeks in the higher mountain areas. An average of 34 inches (86 cm) of snow falls annually in Charleston, although during the winter of 1995-1996 more than three times that amount fell as several cities in the state established new records for snowfall. Average snowfall in the Allegheny Highlands can range up to 180 inches (460 cm) per year. Severe weather is somewhat less prevalent in West Virginia than in most other eastern states, and it ranks among the least tornado-prone states east of the Rockies.

    History

    Many ancient man-made earthen mounds from various prehistoric mound builder cultures survive, especially in the areas of Moundsville, South Charleston, and Romney. The artifacts uncovered in these give evidence of a village societies. They had a tribal trade system culture that crafted cold worked copper pieces.
    The Iroquois drove out other Native American tribes from the area to reserve the upper Ohio Valley as a hunting ground after the Beaver Wars further east. Other indigenous tribes had occupied the area before them: the Osage and other Siouan-language tribes migrated west across the Mississippi River to escape the warfare.
    The area now occupied by West Virginia was contested territory among European Americans as well, with the colonies of Pennsylvania and Virginia claiming territorial rights before the American Revolutionary War. Some speculative land companies, such as the Vandalia Company, and later the Ohio Company and Indiana Company, tried to legitimize their claims to land in parts of West Virginia and Kentucky, but failed. With the settlement of the Pennsylvania and Virginia border dispute, which resulted in the creation of Kentucky, Kentuckians “were satisfied, and the inhabitants of a large part of West Virginia were grateful.”
    West Virginia was originally part of the British Virginia Colony (from 1607 to 1776) and the western part of the state of Virginia (from 1776 to 1863). Long discontented with electoral malapportionment and underrepresentation in the state legislature, its residents became sharply divided over the issue of secession from the Union. Residents of western and northern counties set up a separate government under Francis Pierpont in 1861, which they called the “restored” government. Most voted to separate from Virginia, and the new state was admitted to the Union in 1863. In 1864 a state constitutional convention drafted a constitution, which was ratified by the legislature without putting it to popular vote. West Virginia abolished slavery and temporarily disfranchised men who had held Confederate office or fought for the Confederacy.
    West Virginia’s history has been profoundly affected by its mountainous terrain, numerous and vast river valleys, and rich natural resources. These were all factors driving its economy and the lifestyles of residents, and remain so today.

    Prehistory

    A 2010 analysis of a local stalagmite revealed that native Americans were burning forests to clear land as early as 100 BC. Some regional late-prehistoric Eastern Woodland tribes were more involved in hunting and fishing, practicing the slash and burn Eastern Agricultural Complex gardening method. Another group progressed to the more time-consuming, advanced companion crop fields method of gardening. Also continuing from ancient indigenous people of the state, field space and time was given to tobacco growing through to early historic.
    “Maize (corn) did not make a substantial contribution to the diet until after 1150 B.P.”, to quote Mills (OSU 2003). Eventually, tribal villages began relying heavily on corn to feed their turkey flocks, as Kanawha Fort Ancients practiced bird husbandry. The local Indians made corn bread and a flat rye bread called “banick” as they emerged from the protohistoric era. A horizon extending from a little before the early 18th century is sometimes called the acculturating Fireside Cabin culture, when trading posts along the Potomac and James rivers spread across the state.
    Dr. Robert F. Maslowski wrote, “The Adena Indians used pipes for ceremonies. They were carved of stone and they were exceptional works of art. Pipes and the smoking of tobacco became more common during the Late Prehistoric period. They were often made of clay and rather plain.” “Nothing is known about Paleo-Indian and Archaic houses in the Kanawha Valley, but archeologists have found evidence of Woodland and Fort Ancient houses.” “Woodland Indians lived in wigwams … The Woodland Indians grew sunflowers, gourds, squash and several seeds such as lambsquarter, may grass, sumpweed, smartweed and little barley.” “Fort Ancient Indians lived in much larger square or rectangular houses … The Fort Ancient Indians can be considered true farmers. They cultivated large agricultural fields around their villages. They no longer grew such a variety of seeds but concentrated on growing corn, beans, sunflowers, gourds, and many types of squash including the pumpkin. They also grew domestic turkeys and kept dogs as pets.” As of 2009, over 12,500 archaeological sites have been documented in West Virginia (Bryan Ward 2009:10).

    European exploration and settlement

    In 1671, General Abraham Wood, at the direction of Royal Governor William Berkeley of the Virginia Colony, sent a party from Fort Henry led by Thomas Batts and Robert Fallam that discovered Kanawha Falls. In 1716, Governor Alexander Spotswood with about thirty horsemen made an excursion into what is now Pendleton County. John Van Metre, an Indian trader, penetrated into the northern portion in 1725. The same year, German settlers from Pennsylvania founded New Mecklenburg, the present Shepherdstown, on the Potomac River, and others followed.
    King Charles II of England, in 1661, granted to a company of gentlemen the land between the Potomac and Rappahannock rivers, known as the Northern Neck. The grant finally came into the possession of Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron, and in 1746, a stone was erected at the source of the North Branch Potomac River to mark the western limit of the grant. A considerable part of this land was surveyed by George Washington between 1748 and 1751. The diary kept by the surveyor indicates that there were already many squatters, largely of German origin, along the South Branch Potomac River. Christopher Gist, a surveyor in the employ of the first Ohio Company, which was composed chiefly of Virginians, explored the country along the Ohio River north of the mouth of the Kanawha River between 1751 and 1752. The company sought to have a fourteenth colony established with the name “Vandalia”. Many settlers crossed the mountains after 1750, though they were hindered by Native American resistance. Few Native Americans lived permanently within the present limits of the state, but the region was a common hunting ground, crossed by many trails. During the French and Indian War the scattered British settlements were almost destroyed.
    In 1774, the Crown Governor of Virginia John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore, led a force over the mountains, and a body of militia under then-Colonel Andrew Lewis dealt the Shawnee Indians, under Hokoleskwa (or “Cornstalk”), a crushing blow during the Battle of Point Pleasant at the junction of the Kanawha and the Ohio rivers. Native American attacks continued until after the American Revolutionary War. During the war, the settlers in western Virginia were generally active Whigs and many served in the Continental Army. However, Claypool’s Rebellion of 1780-1781, in which a group of men refused to pay Colonial taxes showed war-weariness in West Virginia.

    Trans-Allegheny Virginia

    Social conditions in western Virginia were entirely unlike those in the eastern portion of the state. The population was not homogeneous, as a considerable part of the immigration came by way of Pennsylvania and included Germans, Protestant Scotch-Irish, and settlers from the states farther north. Counties in the east and south were settled mostly by east Virginians. During the American Revolution, the movement to create a state beyond the Alleghenies was revived and a petition for the establishment of “Westsylvania” was presented to Congress, on the grounds that the mountains made an almost impassable barrier on the east. The rugged nature of the country made slavery unprofitable, and time only increased the social, political, economic and cultural differences (see Tuckahoe-Cohee) between the two sections of Virginia.
    The convention that met in 1829 to form a new constitution for Virginia, against the protest of the counties beyond the mountains, required a property qualification for suffrage and gave the slave-holding counties the benefit of three-fifths of their slave population in apportioning the state’s representation in the U.S. House of Representatives. As a result, every county beyond the Alleghenies except one voted to reject the constitution, which nevertheless passed because of eastern support.
    The Virginia Constitutional Convention of 1850-51, the Reform Convention, addressed a number of issues important to western Virginians. The vote was extended to all white males of 21 years of age plus. The governor, lieutenant-governor, the judiciary, sheriffs and other county officers were to be elected by public vote. The composition of the General Assembly was changed, representation in the house of delegates was apportioned on the white basis of the census of 1850, but the Senate was fixed arbitrarily, the west receiving twenty, and the east thirty, senators. This was made acceptable to the west by a provision that required the General Assembly to reapportion representation on the white basis in 1865, or else put the matter to a public referendum. But the east also gave itself a tax advantage in requiring a property tax at true and actual value, except for slaves. Slaves under the age of 12 years were not taxed, and slaves over that age were taxed at only $300, a fraction of their true value. Small farmers, however, had all their assets, animals and land, taxed at full value. Despite this tax and the lack of internal improvements in the west, the vote was 75,748 for and 11,063 against the new Constitution, most of the latter being from eastern counties, which did not like the compromises made for the west.
    Given the differences, many in the west had long contemplated a separate state. In particular, men like the lawyer Francis H. Pierpont from Fairmont, had long chafed under the political domination of the Tidewater and Piedmont slave-holders. In addition to differences over the abolition of slavery, it was felt the Virginia government ignored and refused to spend funds on needed internal improvements in the west, such as turnpikes and railroads.

    Separation from Virginia

    West Virginia was the only state in the Union to secede from a Confederate state (Virginia) during the American Civil War. In Richmond on April 17, 1861, the 49 delegates from the future state of West Virginia voted 17 in favor of the Ordinance of Secession (of Virginia from the United States), 30 against and 2 abstentions. Almost immediately after the vote to proceed with secession from the Union prevailed in the Virginia General Assembly, a mass meeting at Clarksburg recommended that each county in northwestern Virginia send delegates to a convention to meet in Wheeling on May 13, 1861. When this First Wheeling Convention met, 425 delegates from 25 counties were present, though more than one-third of the delegates were from the northern panhandle area, but soon there was a division of sentiment.
    Some delegates favored the immediate formation of a new state, while others argued that, as Virginia’s secession had not yet been passed by the required referendum, such action would constitute revolution against the United States. It was decided that if the ordinance were adopted (of which there was little doubt), another convention including the members-elect of the legislature should meet at Wheeling in June. At the election on May 23, 1861, secession was ratified by a large majority in the state as a whole, but in the western counties 34,677 voted against and 19,121 voted for the Ordinance.
    The Second Wheeling Convention met as agreed on June 11 and declared that, since the Secession Convention had been called without the consent of the people, all its acts were void, and that all who adhered to it had vacated their offices. The Wheeling Conventions, and the delegates themselves, were never actually elected by public ballot to act on behalf of western Virginia. An act for the reorganization of the government was passed on June 19. The next day Francis H. Pierpont was chosen by other delegates at the convention to be governor of Virginia, other officers were elected and the convention adjourned. The legislature was composed of 103 members, 33 of whom had been elected to the Virginia General Assembly on May 23.
    This number included some hold-over Senators from 1859, and as such had vacated their offices to convene in Wheeling. The other members “were chosen even more irregularly -some in mass meetings, others by county committee, and still others were seemingly self-appointed” This irregular assembly met on June 20 and appointed Unionists to hold the remainder of the state offices, organized a rival state government and elected two United States senators who were promptly recognized by the federal government in Washington, D.C. Thus, there were two state governments in Virginia, one pledging allegiance to the United States and one to the Confederacy.
    The Wheeling Convention, which had taken a recess until August 6, reassembled on August 20, and called for a popular vote on the formation of a new state and for a convention to frame a constitution if the vote should be favorable. At the October 24, 1861 election, 18,408 votes were cast for the new state and only 781 against. The honesty of these election results has been questioned, since the Union army then occupied the area and Union troops were stationed at many of the polls to prevent Confederate sympathizers from voting. Most of the affirmative votes came from 16 counties around the Northern panhandle. Over 50,000 votes had been cast on the Ordinance of Secession, yet the vote on statehood gathered little more than 19,000.
    In Ohio County, home to Wheeling, only about one-quarter of the registered voters cast votes. At the Constitutional Convention in November 1861, Mr. Lamb of Ohio County and Mr. Carskadon said that in Hampshire County, out of 195 votes only 39 were cast by citizens of the state; the rest were cast illegally by Union soldiers. In most of what would become West Virginia, there was no vote at all as two-thirds of the territory of West Virginia had voted for secession and county officers were still loyal to Richmond. Votes recorded from pro-secession counties were mostly cast elsewhere by Unionist refugees from these counties. The convention began on November 26, 1861, and finished its work on February 18, 1862; the instrument was ratified (18,162 for and 514 against) on April 11, 1862.
    On May 13 the state legislature of the reorganized government approved the formation of the new state. An application for admission to the Union was made to Congress, and on December 31, 1862, an enabling act was approved by President Abraham Lincoln admitting West Virginia, on the condition that a provision for the gradual abolition of slavery be inserted in its constitution. While many felt that West Virginia’s admission as a state was both illegal and unconstitutional, Lincoln issued his Opinion on the Admission of West Virginia finding that “the body which consents to the admission of West Virginia, is the Legislature of Virginia,” and that its admission was therefore both constitutional and expedient.
    The convention was reconvened on February 12, 1863, and the demand was met. The revised constitution was adopted on March 26, 1863, and on April 20, 1863, President Lincoln issued a proclamation admitting the state at the end of 60 days (June 20, 1863). Meanwhile, officers for the new state were chosen and Gov. Pierpont moved his capital to Union-occupied Alexandria, where he asserted jurisdiction over all of the Virginia counties within the federal lines.
    The question of the constitutionality of the formation of the new state was brought before the Supreme Court of the United States in the following manner: Berkeley and Jefferson counties lying on the Potomac east of the mountains, in 1863, with the consent of the reorganized government of Virginia voted in favor of annexation to West Virginia. Many voters of the strongly pro-secessionist counties were absent in the Confederate Army when the vote was taken and refused to acknowledge the transfer upon their return. The Virginia General Assembly repealed the act of secession and in 1866 brought suit against West Virginia, asking the court to declare the counties a part of Virginia which would have declared West Virginia’s admission as a state unconstitutional. Meanwhile, on March 10, 1866, Congress passed a joint resolution recognizing the transfer. The Supreme Court, in 1870, decided in favor of West Virginia.
    During the American Civil War, West Virginia suffered comparatively little. Union General George B. McClellan’s forces gained possession of the greater part of the territory in the summer of 1861, culminating at the Battle of Rich Mountain, and Union control was never again seriously threatened, despite an attempt by Robert E. Lee in the same year. In 1863, General John D. Imboden, with 5,000 Confederates, overran a considerable portion of the state. Bands of guerrillas burned and plundered in some sections, and were not entirely suppressed until after the war ended. The Eastern Panhandle counties were more affected by the war, with military control of the area repeatedly changing hands.
    The area which became West Virginia actually furnished about an equal number of soldiers to the federal and Confederate armies, approximately 22,000-25,000 each. The Wheeling government found it necessary in 1865 to strip voting rights from returning Confederates in order to retain control. James Ferguson, who proposed the law, said that if it was not enacted he would lose election by 500 votes. The property of Confederates might also be confiscated, and in 1866 a constitutional amendment disfranchising all who had given aid and comfort to the Confederacy was adopted. The addition of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the United States Constitution caused a reaction. The Democratic party secured control in 1870, and in 1871, the constitutional amendment of 1866 was abrogated. The first steps toward this change had been taken, however, by the Republicans in 1870. On August 22, 1872, an entirely new constitution was adopted.
    Beginning in Reconstruction, and for several decades thereafter, the two states disputed the new state’s share of the pre-war Virginia government’s debts, which had mostly been incurred to finance public infrastructure improvements, such as canals, roads, and railroads under the Virginia Board of Public Works. Virginians, led by former Confederate General William Mahone, formed a political coalition which was based upon this, the Readjuster Party. Although West Virginia’s first constitution provided for the assumption of a part of the Virginia debt, negotiations opened by Virginia in 1870 were fruitless, and in 1871, Virginia funded two-thirds of the debt and arbitrarily assigned the remainder to West Virginia. The issue was finally settled in 1915, when the Supreme Court of the United States ruled that West Virginia owed Virginia $12,393,929.50. The final installment of this sum was paid in 1939.

    Economy

    The economy of West Virginia nominally would be the 62nd largest economy globally behind Iraq and ahead of Croatia according to 2009 World Bank projections, and the 64th largest behind Iraq and ahead of Libya according to 2009 International Monetary Fund projections. The state has a projected nominal GSP of $63.34 billion in 2009 according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis report of November 2010, and a real GSP of $55.04 billion. The real GDP growth of the state in 2009 of .7% was the 7th best in the country. West Virginia was only one of ten states in 2009 which grew economically.
    While per capita income fell 2.6% nationally in 2009, West Virginia’s grew at 1.8%. Through the first half of 2010, exports from West Virginia topped $3 billion, growing 39.5% over the same period from the previous year and ahead of the national average by 15.7%.
    Morgantown was ranked by Forbes as the #10 best small city in the nation to conduct business in 2010. The city is also home to West Virginia University, the 95th best public university according to U.S. News & World Report in 2011. The proportion of West Virginia’s adult population with a bachelor’s degree is the lowest in the U.S. at 17.3%.
    The net corporate income tax rate is 8.5%, scheduled for reduction to 6.5% by 2014, while business costs are 13% below the national average.
    In 2008, West Virginia was one of only four U.S. states to have a surplus state budget.
    The state’s unemployment rate was 8.2% as of October 2011.

    Tourism

    The state has an environment reflecting its temperate topography. Tourist sites include the New River Gorge Bridge, Harpers Ferry National Historical Park and many state parks. The Greenbrier hotel and resort, originally built in 1778, has long been considered a premier hotel frequented by numerous world leaders and U.S. Presidents over the years. West Virginia is also home to the Green Bank Telescope at the National Radio Astronomy Observatory. The largest hand-cut sandstone building in North America, second only to the Kremlin in Moscow, is also located in West Virginia. Tours are offered of the Trans-Allegheny Lunatic Asylum, a National Historic Landmark and member of the National Civil War Trail seasonally, and by appointment year round.

    Resources

    One of the major resources in West Virginia’s economy is coal. According to the Energy Information Administration, West Virginia is a top coal-producer in the United States, second only to Wyoming. West Virginia also produces large amounts of natural gas and a fair amount of oil. West Virginia is located in the heart of the Marcellus Shale Natural Gas Bed, which stretches from Tennessee north to New York in the middle of Appalachia.
    Nearly all of the electricity generated in West Virginia is from coal-fired power plants. West Virginia produces a surplus of electricity and leads the Nation in net interstate electricity exports. Farming is also practiced in West Virginia, but on a limited basis because of the mountainous terrain over much of the state.

    Taxes

    West Virginia personal income tax is based on federal adjusted gross income (not taxable income), as modified by specific items in West Virginia law. Citizens are taxed within five income brackets, which range from 3.0 percent to 6.5 percent. The state’s consumer sales tax is levied at 6 percent. Effective January 1, 2004, calculation of WV consumer sales tax has been converted to a calculated figure from the bracket system, and remains at 6 percent for most goods (some food goods are now taxable at 2 percent). The computation of tax is carried out to the third decimal place and rounded up when the third decimal place is five (.005) or higher; and similarly rounded down if the third place is four (.004) or lower. By virtue of this method, sales totaling $0.08 and below would not have a sales tax associated with them.
    West Virginia counties administer and collect property taxes, although property tax rates reflect levies for state government, county governments, county boards of education and municipalities. Counties may also impose a hotel occupancy tax on lodging places not located within the city limits of any municipality that levies such a tax. Municipalities may levy license and gross receipts taxes on businesses located within the city limits and a hotel occupancy tax on lodging places in the city. Although the Department of Tax and Revenue plays a major role in the administration of this tax, less than one-half of 1 percent of the property tax collected goes to state government.
    The primary beneficiaries of the property tax are county boards of education. Property taxes are paid to the sheriff of each of the state’s 55 counties. Each county and municipality can impose its own rates of property taxation within the limits set by the West Virginia Constitution. The West Virginia legislature sets the rate of tax of county boards of education. This rate is used by all county boards of education statewide. However, the total tax rate for county boards of education may differ from county to county because of excess levies. The Department of Tax and Revenue supervises and otherwise assists counties and municipalities in their work of assessment and tax rate determination. The total tax rate is a combination of the tax levies from four state taxing authorities: state, county, schools and municipal. This total tax rate varies for each of the four classes of property, which consists of personal, real and intangible properties. Property is assessed according to its use, location and value as of July 1. All property is reappraised every three years; annual adjustments are made to assessments for property with a change of value. West Virginia does not impose an inheritance tax. Because of the phase-out of the federal estate tax credit, West Virginia’s estate tax is not imposed on estates of persons who died on or after January 1, 2005.